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Urban Transformations and Local Political Elites: A Comparative Study among four Swiss Cities

English title Urban Transformations and Local Political Elites: A Comparative Study among four Swiss Cities
Applicant Mazzoleni Oscar
Number 165955
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut d'études politiques, historiques et internationales (IEPHI) - Faculté des SSP Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.10.2016 - 28.02.2021
Approved amount 371'513.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Political science
Swiss history
Sociology

Keywords (5)

Local Politics; Political Elites; City; Comparative Approach; Change and Persistence

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Urbaner Wandel und lokale politische Eliten: Vier Schweizer Städte im Vergleich
Lay summary

 Ziel unseres Forschungsprojektes ist es ein besseres Verständnis des Profils lokaler Volksvertreter in der Schweizer Städte. Wie beeinflussen soziale, institutionnelle und politische Veränderungen das Profil lokaler Repräsentanten? Lässt sich eine Zunahme an Demokratisierung und Professionalisierung der städtischen politischen Elite feststellen?  Dabei untersuchen wir die Entwicklung des Profiles der Mitglieder lokaler Regierungen und Parlamente in vier Schweizer Städten (Zürich, Lausanne, Luzern, Lugano) im Hinblick auf Alter, (Aus-)Bildung, Beruf, Geschlecht und Dauer des politischen Engagements zwischen 1946 und 2016 im Zusammenhang mit sozioökonomischen, institutionellen und politischen Wandlungsprozessen. Unser Projekt untersucht sowohl aus vergleichender als auch prosopographischer Perspektive Wandel und Kontinuitäten von urbanen Strukturen sowie politischen Institutionen und Parteien auf lokaler Ebene

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 13.09.2016

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Transformations urbaines et élites politiques locales. Une étude comparative entre quatre villes de Suisse
Lay summary

Le projet vise à contribuer à une meilleure connaissance du profil des élus dans les villes suisses. Dans quelle mesure les changements sociaux, urbains, institutionnels et politiques affectent le profil des élus ? Peut-on constater des processus de démocratisation et de professionnalisation ? Pour chacune des villes prises en compte (Zurich, Lausanne, Lucerne, Lugano), l’analyse se focalisera sur les caractéristiques des élus locaux (âge, formation, profession, sexe et longévité politique) dans les organes exécutifs et législatifs durant la période entre 1946 et 2016. L’adoption d'une approche comparative s’accompagnera d’une perspective prosopographique, afin de rendre compte des changements et des persistances en lien avec les transformations urbaines, ainsi que les dynamiques institutionnelles et partisanes.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 13.09.2016

Lay Summary (Italian)

Lead
Trasformazioni urbane ed élite politiche locali. Uno studio comparato tra quattro città svizzere
Lay summary

Il progetto intende contribuire ad una migliore conoscenza dell’evoluzione del profilo degli politici eletti nelle città svizzere. In che misura i cambiamenti sociali, urbani, istituzionali e politici influenzano il profilo degli eletti? Ed è possibile osservare un incremento della democratizzazione e professionalizzazione dell’élite politica urbana? La ricerca si concentrerà sull'evoluzione delle quattro città svizzere (Zurigo, Lugano, Losanna, Lucerna) che rappresentano diverse tradizioni e dinamiche, dal punto di vista demografico, istituzionale, economico, e politico. Per ciascuno dei comuni coinvolti, analizzeremo l'evoluzione dei rappresentanti eletti (età, formazione, professione, sesso, e la longevità politica) nelle istituzioni esecutive e legislative tra il 1946 e il 2016. Nell’adottare un approccio comparato e prospettiva prosopografica, il progetto intende cogliere cambiamenti e persistenza in relazione allo sviluppo socio-economico, ai modelli istituzionali e alle dinamiche dei partiti.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 13.09.2016

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Urban Transformations and Local Political Elites: A Comparative Study among four Swiss Cities
Lay summary
The project aims to contribute to a better knowledge of the profile of elected representatives in Swiss cities. To what extent do social, urban, institutional, and political changes affect the profile of the elected representatives? To what extent is possible to observe an increasing democratization and professionalization? For each of the municipalities involved (Zurich, Lausanne, Luzern, Lugano), we will analyze the characteristics of the elected representatives (age, training, profession, gender, and political longevity) in executive and legislative institutions in the period between 1946 and 2016. Adopting a comparative approach and a prosopographic perspective, the project will adress change and persistence dealing with the urban transformation, institutional patterns and party dynamics.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 13.09.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Political professionalization and transformations of political career patterns in multi-level states: The case of Switzerland
Di Capua Roberto, Pilotti Andrea, Mach André, Lasseb Karim (2020), Political professionalization and transformations of political career patterns in multi-level states: The case of Switzerland, in Regional & Federal Studies, 1-20.
La milice politique helvétique entre légitimation et politisation
MazzoleniOscar (2019), La milice politique helvétique entre légitimation et politisation, in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 215-236.
La professionalisation des municipalités sous l'angle de la rémunération: le cas de Lausanne (1882-2019)
LassebKarim, PilottiAndrea (2019), La professionalisation des municipalités sous l'angle de la rémunération: le cas de Lausanne (1882-2019), in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 127-170.
La rémunération du travail politique en Suisse. Entre fonctions accessoires et mandats à plein temps
LassebKarim, PilottiAndrea (2019), La rémunération du travail politique en Suisse. Entre fonctions accessoires et mandats à plein temps, in Le Saout Rémy (ed.), Berger-Levrault, Boulogne-Billancourt, 355-381.
L'Assemblée fédérale: un parlement de milice en voie de professionnalisation
PilottiAndrea, SciariniPascal, VaroneFrédéric, CappellettiFabio (2019), L'Assemblée fédérale: un parlement de milice en voie de professionnalisation, in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 53-89.
Le recrutement des élus locaux à Lausanne et à Zurich de 1946 à 2016: un système de 'milice' très sélectif?
Di CapuaRoberto (2019), Le recrutement des élus locaux à Lausanne et à Zurich de 1946 à 2016: un système de 'milice' très sélectif?, in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 171-213.
Le système de milice et la professionnalisation politique en Suisse
Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.) (2019), Le système de milice et la professionnalisation politique en Suisse, Alphil, Neuchâtel.
Les fonctions électives en Suisse et leur rémunération
LassebKarim, PilottiAndrea (2019), Les fonctions électives en Suisse et leur rémunération, in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 21-52.
Postface: Principe de milice et élites politiques: quelles implications?
MachAndré (2019), Postface: Principe de milice et élites politiques: quelles implications?, in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Alphil, Neuchâtel, 237-250.
Il sistema di milizia nei legislativi comunali di Lugano e Losanna (1945-2016)
Di Capua Roberto (2018), Il sistema di milizia nei legislativi comunali di Lugano e Losanna (1945-2016), in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 137-174.
Introduzione
Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (2018), Introduzione, in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 9-18.
La milizia politica elvetica fra legittimazione e politicizzazione
Mazzoleni Oscar (2018), La milizia politica elvetica fra legittimazione e politicizzazione, in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 175-191.
La professionalizzazione dei Municipi in termini di remunerazione: il caso di Losanna (1882-2018)
Lasseb Karim, Pilotti Andrea (2018), La professionalizzazione dei Municipi in termini di remunerazione: il caso di Losanna (1882-2018), in Pilotti Andrea, Mazzoleni Oscar (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 103-135.
L'Assemblea federale: un parlamento di milizia in fase di professionalizzazione
Pilotti Andrea, Sciarini Pascal, Varone Frédéric, Cappelletti Fabio (2018), L'Assemblea federale: un parlamento di milizia in fase di professionalizzazione, in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 45-73.
Le funzioni elettive in Svizzera e la loro remunerazione
Lasseb Karim, Pilotti Andrea (2018), Le funzioni elettive in Svizzera e la loro remunerazione, in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 21-44.
Milizia e professionismo nella politica svizzera
Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.) (2018), Milizia e professionismo nella politica svizzera, Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno.
Principio di milizia ed élite politiche: quali implicazioni?
Mach André (2018), Principio di milizia ed élite politiche: quali implicazioni?, in Mazzoleni Oscar, Pilotti Andrea (ed.), Armando Dadò Editore, Locarno, 193-203.
Qui doit vivre d’un mandat politique ? La professionnalisation des exécutifs des grandes villes suisses : les cas de Zurich, Lausanne et Lucerne
Lasseb Karim, Qui doit vivre d’un mandat politique ? La professionnalisation des exécutifs des grandes villes suisses : les cas de Zurich, Lausanne et Lucerne, in Politique et Sociétés.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Centre for the Study of Political Change, University of Siena, Prof. M. Cotta, Prof. L. Verzichelli Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Damir Skenderovic, Departement für Historische Wissenschaften, University of Fribourg Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
The Swiss Elite Observatory, University of Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Duncan McDonnell, Centre for Governance and Public Policy, Griffith University, Brisbane Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Oliver Dlabac, Zentrum für Demokratie, University of Zurich, Aarau Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Virtual International Workshop “Working Class Politics in the 21st Century Talk given at a conference “From class representativeness to class gap: the social transformation of the left political elites in Switzerland (1910-2016)” 05.11.2020 Université de Genève, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea; Lasseb Karim; Di Capua Roberto;
Séminaire 'Le travail politique du local au national' (Bachelor, Faculté SSP) Individual talk La vie politique lausannoise et ses élus (1945-2016) 01.10.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Congrès 'La rémunération du travail politique en Europe' Talk given at a conference La rémunération du travail politique en Suisse. Entre fonctions accessoires et mandats à plein temps 19.09.2019 Sénat, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France Lasseb Karim;
Congrès de l'Association française de sociologie Talk given at a conference Elites politiques locales et élites politiques nationales: ressemblance ou dissemblance du profil social? Le cas du ‘système de milice’ suisse (1957-2016) 27.08.2019 Université d'Aix-en-Provence, France Pilotti Andrea; Di Capua Roberto;
Journées suisses d'histoire Talk given at a conference The Spatial and Social Identity of the Local Political Elites of Zurich and Lausanne (1946-2016): Using GIS and Prosopography in Local Elite Studies 05.06.2019 Universität Zürich, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Ecole d'été "Participation politique et démocratie" Talk given at a conference La représentativité spatiale des élus locaux de Zurich et Lausanne (1945-2016) 20.05.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Ecole d'été "Participation politique et démocratie" Talk given at a conference La professionnalisation des municipalités sous l’angle de la rémunération : le cas de Lausanne (1882-2019) 20.05.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Lasseb Karim;
Séminaire 'Politiques de régulation: stratégies de recherche et méthodes mixtes' (Bachelor, Faculté SSP) Individual talk Des archives à la création d’une base de données: un regard sur les parlementaires suisses et les élus locaux de 4 villes suisses 29.04.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto; Pilotti Andrea;
Les élites politiques locales: profils et carrières/Local Political Elites - Profiles and Careers Talk given at a conference La professionnalisation des municipalités sous l’angle de la rémunération : le cas de Lausanne (1882-2019) 05.04.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Lasseb Karim;
Les élites politiques locales: profils et carrières/Local Political Elites - Profiles and Careers Talk given at a conference Les conseillers communaux des grandes villes suisses : système ‘de milice’ ou système sélectif ? 05.04.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Cours-séminaire "Sociologie des élites" (Master, Faculté SSP) Individual talk L’analyse statistique des données prosopographiques en sociologie de élites 18.02.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Convegno Società italiana di scienza politica (SISP) Talk given at a conference Un’analisi comparata della rappresentatività dell’élite politica locale : il sistema di milizia nei legislativi comunali svizzeri 06.09.2018 Università di Torino, Campus Einaudi, Italy Di Capua Roberto;
Convegno Società italiana di scienza politica (SISP) Talk given at a conference La professionalizzazione del governo locale in termini di remunerazione : il caso svizzero di Losanna 06.09.2018 Università di Torino, Campus Einaudi, Italy Lasseb Karim; Pilotti Andrea;
Convegno Società italiana di scienza politica (SISP) Talk given at a conference Political Careers in Switzerland: Questioning the Unidirectional Model 06.09.2018 Università di Torino, Campus Einaudi, Italy Di Capua Roberto; Lasseb Karim; Pilotti Andrea; Mach André;
Congrès European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Talk given at a conference Political Careers in Switzerland: Questioning the Unidirectional Model 22.08.2018 Universität Hamburg, Germany Lasseb Karim; Mach André; Pilotti Andrea; Di Capua Roberto;
Séminaire d'histoire quantitative - Programme doctoral en histoire contemporaine CUSO Individual talk Données d’archives et études des élites politiques urbaines 12.03.2018 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Lasseb Karim; Di Capua Roberto; Pilotti Andrea;
Congrès Association suisse de science politique (SVPW/ASSP) Talk given at a conference La professionnalisation de l’exécutif de la ville de Lausanne sous l’angle de la rémunération 05.02.2018 Université de Genève, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea; Lasseb Karim;
Congrès Association suisse de science politique (SVPW/ASSP) Talk given at a conference The Militia of the Swiss Cities: A Diversified Local Gentry? Historical Comparison of the Member of the Legislative Bodies of Lausanne and Lugano from 1945 to 2016 05.02.2018 Université de Genève, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Atelier des doctorants du Centre de recherche sur l'action politique de l'Université de Lausanne (CRAPUL) Individual talk L’élite politique locale à l’épreuve des transformations urbaines. Les membres des organes législatifs des grandes villes suisses de 1945 à 2016 : un notabilat démocratisé ? 08.11.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Atelier des doctorants du Centre de recherche sur l'action politique de l'Université de Lausanne (CRAPUL) Individual talk L'élite politique des exécutifs des grandes villes suisses: du gouvernement des notables à la gouvernance des professionnels (1945-2017)? 08.11.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Lasseb Karim;
Cours-séminaire ‘Elites et pouvoirs. Transformations des villes et nouvelles élites urbaines en Suisse’ (Master, Faculté SSP) Individual talk Les élites politiques urbaines en Suisse (1945-2016) 02.11.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea;
Doc2. Séminaire doctoral des doctorants de l'Institut d'études politiques, historiques et internationales de l'Université de Lausanne Individual talk L’élite politique locale à l’épreuve des transformations urbaines. Les membres des organes législatifs des grandes villes suisses de 1945 à 2016 : un notabilat démocratisé ? 23.06.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Di Capua Roberto;
Doc2. Séminaire doctoral des doctorants de l'Institut d'études politiques, historiques et internationales de l'Université de Lausanne Individual talk L'élite politique des exécutifs des grandes villes suisses: du gouvernement des notables à la gouvernance des professionnels (1945-2017)? 23.06.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Lasseb Karim;
EuroLoc PhD. Training School 2017 "The Renaissance of Local Government: European Municipalities in Transition" Talk given at a conference The Local Political Elite Strained by Urban Transformations. Members of the Legislative Bodies of the Major Swiss Cities from 1945 to 2016: A Democratized Gentry? 12.06.2017 Università di Firenze, Italy Di Capua Roberto;
EuroLoc PhD. Training School 2017 "The Renaissance of Local Government: European Municipalities in Transition" Talk given at a conference The Impact of the Economic and Institutional Changes on the Urban Executive Professionalization of four Swiss Cities (1945-2017) 12.06.2017 Università di Firenze, Italy Lasseb Karim;
Séminaire d'histoire quantitative - Programme doctoral en histoire contemporaine CUSO Individual talk L’étude prosopographique des élites politiques urbaines en Suisse (1946-2016) 22.05.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea; Lasseb Karim; Di Capua Roberto;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Séminaire "Le travail politique du local au national" (Bachelor, Faculté SSP) 17.09.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Peuple, Région, Elites 03.10.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Les élus entre le local et le national 22.02.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Acteurs, Politiques & Territoires 17.11.2016 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Présentation du livre 'Milizia e professionismo nella politica svizzera' Talk 28.11.2019 Auditorium di Banca Stato, Bellinzona, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea; Mazzoleni Oscar;
Vernissage du livre 'Le système de milice et la professionnalisation politique en Suisse' Talk 27.11.2019 Bibliothèque du Parlement, Berne, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea;
Vernissage du livre 'Le système de milice et la professionnalisation politique en Suisse' Talk 27.10.2019 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea;
Vernissage du livre 'Le système de milice et la professionnalisation politique en Suisse' Talk 17.10.2018 Libraire Basta, Lausanne, Switzerland Pilotti Andrea;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Other activities Dans les coulisses du documentaire Ville cherche héros Western Switzerland 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Page web Workshop international "Les élites politiques locales - Profils et carrières" International German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Page web Cycle de conférences "Les élus entre le local et le national" International Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Page web Cycle de conférences "Peuple, Region, Elites" Italian-speaking Switzerland International Western Switzerland 2017
Video/Film Chaîne Youtube OVPR Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Page web Cycle de conférences "Acteurs, Politiques & Territoires" International Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
183534 Local Power Structures and Transnational Connections. New Perspectives on Elites in Switzerland, 1890-2020 01.09.2019 Sinergia

Abstract

Under the pressure of globalization and Europeanization, European States, including Switzerland, are experiencing an increasing transformation of sub-national forms of democratic life, enhancing the importance of local and especially urban political participation and governance (John 2001; Le Galès 2011; Mossberger et al. 2012). Whilst scholars and the public tend to suppose that the differences between now and the first decades after World War II are very strong, few systematic analyses are available. Our research project aims to contribute to a better knowledge of the profile of urban elected representatives over time in connection with the transformation of the urban context, and especially in the period since the 1980s. A number of questions arise: Who are these representatives in charge of local decision-making, both in legislative and executive power, and in what ways are they different from their colleagues of the past? Our main research questions are twofold: To what extent do social, institutional, and political changes affect the profile of the elected representatives? And is it possible to observe an increasing democratization and professionalization of the urban political elite? Assuming sub-national legacies are crucial in the evolution of urban political elites, our project simultaneously adopts a comparative approach and a prosopographic perspective able to take into account change and persistence over time in a detailed manner at the individual level. Our research will focus on the evolution of four cities in Switzerland (Lausanne, Lucerne, Lugano, and Zurich), which represent different legacies among the main urban Municipalities, in terms of demographic, institutional, economic, and political points of view. For each of the municipalities, we will analyze the evolution of the elected representatives (age, training, profession, gender, and political longevity) in legislative and executive institutions in the period between 1946 and 2016, in relation to urban, institutional, and political transformations. More precisely, we want to verify the impact of demographic and socioeconomic settings, local party system changes, institutional and partisan rules, and the role of the municipalities in public policies on the evolution of the profile of local political elites.The project will systematically collect data about every elected representative in each election year, data that is stored in municipal archives and so far remains largely unexploited. An initial harvesting of the data concerning Lausanne and Lugano has revealed the richness of these holdings and allows a systematic examination of the elected representatives, permitting a systematic quantitative analysis. An important goal of the project is to support the recent revitalization of urban research on the political elite and thereby contribute to it catching up with national and international counterparts, where this sub-field has seen a considerable renewal in recent years, bridging with the statewide political elite studies. The organization of an international conference at the end of the research will give the opportunity to bring together leading scholars in the study of the urban political elite and to present the results of the research. Moreover, the research project integrates two PhD studies and therefore contributes to the advancement of young academic careers. Since questions about the political relevance of urban municipalities to Swiss governance, especially in the major cities, have excited more interest in Switzerland in recent years, the proposed research project also seeks to achieve the wide diffusion of its findings, and to reach out not only to the scientific community, but also to the general public.
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