Trade; Labor Markets; Unemployment; Employment; Developing Countries; Wages; Informal labor markets; Skills; Policy implications
Brambilla Irene, Lederman Daniel, Porto Guido (2019), Exporting firms and the demand for skilled tasks, in Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique
, 52(2), 763-783.
Baliamoune-Lutz Mina (2019), Trade sophistication in developing countries: Does export destination matter?, in Journal of Policy Modeling
, 41(1), 39-51.
Hoang Trung Xuan, Tiberti Luca, Dávalos Jorge (2018), The effect of input-trade liberalisation on farm and non-farm labour in Vietnam, in European Review of Agricultural Economics
Chein Flávia, Pinto Cristine (2018), Credit constraint and human capital investment: an empirical analysis using Brazilian household budget survey, in Applied Economics
, 50(21), 2369-2385.
Dávalos Jorge (2018), Trade openness effects on informality and the real exchange rate channel, in Applied Economics Letters
, 26(6), 506-510.
The objective of this project is to thoroughly analyze the challenges and opportunities created by globalization in developing countries. The emphasis will be on the effects of international trade in domestic labor market outcomes, that is, the creation of employment opportunities both in the formal and informal sector, the effects on unemployment and the impact on wages. We will also assess the subsequent impact on poverty and inequality. The research also seeks to identify the policies that would moderate the negative effects of globalization and maximize its benefits. We will study the role played by skill development policies, the provision of transport infrastructure, labor market reforms, and export promotion policies. The work program is organized in six modules: Module 1 - Global Trade Reforms with Labor Mobility Costs, Module 2 - Wages and Employment Gains from Exports: Evidence from Developing and Low-Income Countries, Module 3 - Trade and Unemployment in Developing Countries, Module 4 - Trade and Informal Labor Markets in Developing Countries, Module 5 - Making Globalization more Inclusive in Developing Countries: The Role of Skills Development, Transport Infrastructure and Export Promotion Policies in Employment and Wages, and Module 6 - Policy Lessons: How can employment and trade policies maximize the opportunities and cope with the risks of globalization in developing countries?