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Trade and Labor Market Outcomes in Developing Countries

English title Trade and Labor Market Outcomes in Developing Countries
Applicant Depetris Chauvin Nicolas
Number 171177
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Haute Ecole de Gestion Genève HES-SO
Institution of higher education University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland - HES-SO
Main discipline Economics
Start/End 01.02.2018 - 31.01.2022
Approved amount 1'675'772.00
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Keywords (9)

Trade; Labor Markets; Unemployment; Employment; Developing Countries; Wages; Informal labor markets; Skills; Policy implications

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Commerce international et marché de l'emploi dans les pays en développement
Lay summary

L'objectif de ce projet est d'analyser en profondeur les défis et les opportunités créés par la mondialisation sur le marché du travail dans les pays en développement. Nous regardons l’impact tant sur les marchés du travail formels et informel, et tenons comptes des coûts de mobilités entre ces deux grandes marchées et à travers les secteurs et régions, pour mieux capturer les particularités du fonctionnement du marché du travail dans les pays en voie de développement. Dans ces deux grands types de marchés du travail nous examinons l’impact sur l’emploi, le chômage et les salaires. Nous évaluerons également l'impact que ces changements auront sur la pauvreté et l'inégalité dans les pays en voie de développement. La recherche cherche également à identifier les politiques qui modéreraient les effets négatifs de la mondialisation et maximiser ses avantages. Nous étudierons le rôle joué par les politiques de développement des compétences, la mise à disposition d'infrastructures de transport, les réformes du marché du travail et les politiques de promotion des exportations. Le programme de travail est organisé en six modules: Module 1 - Réformes commerciales et coûts de la mobilité de la main-d'œuvre, Module 2 - Salaires et gains d'emploi provenant des exportations: Module 3 - Commerce et chômage dans les pays en développement, Module 4 – Commerce et Marché du travail informels dans les pays en voie de développement, Module 5, Comment rendre la mondialisation plus inclusive dans les pays en développement: le rôle du développement des compétences, des infrastructures de transport et des politiques de promotion des exportations dans l'emploi et les salaires, et Module 6 – Implications de politique.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 07.04.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Exporting firms and the demand for skilled tasks
Brambilla Irene, Lederman Daniel, Porto Guido (2019), Exporting firms and the demand for skilled tasks, in Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, 52(2), 763-783.
Trade sophistication in developing countries: Does export destination matter?
Baliamoune-Lutz Mina (2019), Trade sophistication in developing countries: Does export destination matter?, in Journal of Policy Modeling, 41(1), 39-51.
The effect of input-trade liberalisation on farm and non-farm labour in Vietnam
Hoang Trung Xuan, Tiberti Luca, Dávalos Jorge (2018), The effect of input-trade liberalisation on farm and non-farm labour in Vietnam, in European Review of Agricultural Economics, 1-25.
Credit constraint and human capital investment: an empirical analysis using Brazilian household budget survey
Chein Flávia, Pinto Cristine (2018), Credit constraint and human capital investment: an empirical analysis using Brazilian household budget survey, in Applied Economics, 50(21), 2369-2385.
Trade openness effects on informality and the real exchange rate channel
Dávalos Jorge (2018), Trade openness effects on informality and the real exchange rate channel, in Applied Economics Letters, 26(6), 506-510.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Haute Ecole de Gestion de Geneve Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET) Ghana (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
World Bank Research Group United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
CIESS-Econometrica Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Fundacao Getulio Vargas Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
IRED-University of Nairobi Kenya (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
World Trade Organization Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
2019 NOVAFRICA Conference on Economic Development in Africa Talk given at a conference The Gender Bias of Trade Policy in Developing Countries 03.06.2019 Lisbon, Portugal Depetris Chauvin Nicolas;
Authors workshop: Trade and Gender Talk given at a conference The Gender Bias of Trade Policy in Developing Countries 07.03.2019 World Bank Headquarters, United States of America Porto Guido;
Digital workshop in Toulouse School of Economics Talk given at a conference Online trade and the wage gap 06.12.2018 Toulouse, France Olarreaga Marcelo;
Seminar at Nottingham Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy Individual talk On the heterogeneous effects of trade on unemployment 13.11.2018 Nottingham, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Olarreaga Marcelo;
European University Institute conference Talk given at a conference Labor clauses in trade agreements: worker protection or protectionism? 27.09.2018 Florence, Italy Olarreaga Marcelo;
Joint Conference GREThA-IDEA 2018 Talk given at a conference Trade, Growth, and Welfare Impacts of the CFTA in Africa 25.06.2018 Bordeaux, France Depetris Chauvin Nicolas;
Bank of England Seminar Individual talk On the heterogeneous effects of trade on unemployment 12.06.2018 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Olarreaga Marcelo;
Tunis Business School Seminar Individual talk On the heterogeneous effects of trade on unemployment 25.05.2018 Tunis, Tunisia Olarreaga Marcelo;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
WTO Public Forum Talk 04.10.2018 WTO, Geneva, Switzerland Olarreaga Marcelo;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions WTO Public Forum International 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
147718 Trade and Labor Market Outcomes in Developing Countries 01.02.2014 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
201208 Good Exporting Practices: An intervention proposal for Ghana 01.05.2021 Transformation Accelerating Grant

Abstract

The objective of this project is to thoroughly analyze the challenges and opportunities created by globalization in developing countries. The emphasis will be on the effects of international trade in domestic labor market outcomes, that is, the creation of employment opportunities both in the formal and informal sector, the effects on unemployment and the impact on wages. We will also assess the subsequent impact on poverty and inequality. The research also seeks to identify the policies that would moderate the negative effects of globalization and maximize its benefits. We will study the role played by skill development policies, the provision of transport infrastructure, labor market reforms, and export promotion policies. The work program is organized in six modules: Module 1 - Global Trade Reforms with Labor Mobility Costs, Module 2 - Wages and Employment Gains from Exports: Evidence from Developing and Low-Income Countries, Module 3 - Trade and Unemployment in Developing Countries, Module 4 - Trade and Informal Labor Markets in Developing Countries, Module 5 - Making Globalization more Inclusive in Developing Countries: The Role of Skills Development, Transport Infrastructure and Export Promotion Policies in Employment and Wages, and Module 6 - Policy Lessons: How can employment and trade policies maximize the opportunities and cope with the risks of globalization in developing countries?
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