Project

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Ancient Painting from the Cimmerian Bosporus. From drawing to photography

English title Ancient Painting from the Cimmerian Bosporus. From drawing to photography
Applicant Fuchs Michel E.
Number 163913
Funding scheme Bilateral programmes
Research institution Institut d'Archéologie et des Sciences de l'Antiquité Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Archaeology
Start/End 01.11.2016 - 30.09.2019
Approved amount 228'804.00
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Keywords (7)

Drawing; Ancient Painting; 19th Century; Photography; Archaeology; Cimmerian Bosporus; Archival Records

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Peinture antique du Bosphore Cimmérien : du dessin à la photographie
Lay summary

Le projet vise à exploiter les archives historiques conservées à l’Institut d’histoire de la culture matérielle (Saint-Pétersbourg) qui traitent du patrimoine peint mis au jour en Russie méridionale durant la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle. Cette documentation constitue un témoignage unique de monuments de l’Antiquité gréco-romaine découverts à Kertch et aujourd’hui pour la plupart disparus. Un important travail de dépouillement et de systématisation de la documentation manuscrite, graphique et photographique concernée est prévu de sorte à créer une base de données qui en assurera un accès aisé et une sauvegarde digitale disponible sur Internet. L’équipe russo-suisse s’attachera à repérer les modalités d’un changement technologique, celui du passage, pour la reproduction de monuments antiques, de la peinture à la photographie. Ce questionnement sera notamment mis à l’œuvre dans trois projets majeurs : un premier projet porte sur la rédaction d’un catalogue raisonné des fragments d’enduits et de stucs peints découverts à Kertch entre 1896 et 1899. Un deuxième projet se concentre sur un monument funéraire emblématique, le Tombeau de Déméter, et sur la pertinence de son adhésion à un style pictural (« style floral ») fondé par le célèbre savant russe M.I. Rostovtsev. Un troisième projet veut mettre en lumière la vie et l’œuvre de l’artiste peintre F.I. Gross qui assista et documenta graphiquement la majeure partie des découvertes archéologiques réalisées à Kertch durant la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle. Gross reproduisit de nombreux monuments et leurs compositions peintes, aujourd’hui endommagées ou perdues. Il est aussi le représentant d’une génération qui vit l’avènement de la photographie, nouveau médium qui permettra l’obtention d’une image « à l’identique » d’un monument.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.10.2016

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Ancient Painting from the Cimmerian Bosporus. From drawing to photography
Lay summary
The here submitted project aims to utilize the historical archives kept at the Institute of History of Material Culture (Saint Petersburg), which contain information about the national heritage painted wall plaster and stuccoworks discovered in southern Russia during the second half of the nineteenth century. Never before scientifically exploited, this documentation constitutes a unique proof of the ancient Greco-Roman monuments discovered at Kerch, which today have mostly disappeared. Colourful vestiges of buildings erected on the Panticapaeum Acropolis - the ancient capital of the kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus - fragments of painted wall plaster and stuccowork comprise the precious pictorial heritage of the world of the living, while the walls and vaults of painted tombs from the city’s cemeteries provide glimpses of the funeral rituals and concepts of the afterlife, disseminated by the local aristocracy during the Roman era. The immense work of examination and systematization of handwritten documents, artworks and photographs will be used as the contents of a database. The Russian and Swiss team will endeavour to identify the modalities of the technological change from painting to photography for the documentation of ancient monuments. This question will be explored through three major projects: the first project concerns making an annotated catalogue of the painted wall plaster fragments and stuccowork discovered at Kerch between 1896 and 1899. The second project focuses on an emblematic funerary monument, The Tomb of Demeter, and on the pertinence of its adherence to the pictorial style (‘floral style’) founded by the famous Russian scientist M. I. Rostovtsev. The third project brings light to the life and work of the artist painter F. I. Gross who observed and visually documented the larger part of archaeological discoveries made at Kerch during the second half of the nineteenth century.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.10.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Etudes bosporanes. Sur un royaume aux confins du monde gréco-romain
Burgunder Pascal (ed.) (2019), Etudes bosporanes. Sur un royaume aux confins du monde gréco-romain, Faculté des Lettres, UNIL, Lausanne.
Ombres et lumières d'un tombeau peint découvert à Kertch en 1842
BurgunderPascal (2019), Ombres et lumières d'un tombeau peint découvert à Kertch en 1842, in Burgunder Pascal (ed.), Faculté des Lettres, UNIL, Lausanne, 181-242.
A current summary of ancient paintings from southern Ukraine
BurgunderPascal (2018), A current summary of ancient paintings from southern Ukraine, in Burgunder Pascal (ed.), UNIL/Etudes Bosporanes, Lausanne, 91-97.
Actualité archéologique ukrainienne: Olbia Pontique, le limes et les Barbares (pré-actes du colloque de Lausanne)
Burgunder Pascal (ed.) (2018), Actualité archéologique ukrainienne: Olbia Pontique, le limes et les Barbares (pré-actes du colloque de Lausanne), UNIL/Etudes Bosporanes, Lausanne.
Témoignages picturaux du Royaume du Bosphore Cimmérien, de Chersonèse Taurique et d’Olbia
Burgunder Pascal (2018), Témoignages picturaux du Royaume du Bosphore Cimmérien, de Chersonèse Taurique et d’Olbia, in Yves Dubois, Urs Niffeler (dir.) PICTORES PER PROVINCIAS II – STATUS QUAESTIONIS. Actes du 13e Collo, LausanneAntiqua (Archäologie Schweiz), Bâle.
Documenter le patrimoine antique en Russie impériale : la photographie à l’usage de l’archéologue
Burgunder Pascal, Medvedeva Marija, Vinogradov Jurij (2017), Documenter le patrimoine antique en Russie impériale : la photographie à l’usage de l’archéologue, in as, 40(4), 40-41.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute for the History of Material Culture (Russian Academy of Sciences) Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
The State Hermitage Museum, St-Petersburg Russia (Europe)
- Publication
The Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.Petersburg Branch Russia (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Археология античного Боспора и Причерноморья Talk given at a conference Склеп Фельдштейна в трудах М.И. Ростовцева 28.10.2019 Rostov-sur-le-Don, Russia Burgunder Pascal;
PARETI DIPINTE. DALLO SCAVO ALLA VALORIZZAZIONE (XIV Colloque International AIPMA) Talk given at a conference Un paradigme de la méthode: le tombeau Feldstein, à Kertch 09.09.2019 Naples, Italy Burgunder Pascal; Fuchs Michel E.;
Actualité archéologique ukrainienne: Olbia Pontique, le limes et les barbares Talk given at a conference A current summary of ancient paintings from southern Ukraine 13.12.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Burgunder Pascal;
Séminaire dirigé par Prof. Korine Amacher, Université de Genève, GIS Individual talk L'invention d'une révolte d'esclaves : dialectique stalinienne et écriture de l’Histoire 13.11.2018 Genève, Switzerland Burgunder Pascal;
Припонтийский меняла V: деньги местного рынка Talk given at a conference Боспорское военное присутствие в Риме? Оттиски с антонинианов Пупиана в Пантикапейском некрополе 20.09.2018 Moscou, Russia Burgunder Pascal;
Forum olbicum II Talk given at a conference Пирамида в Нимфее ? Форма памятника Гликарии и включение его в нимфейский некрополь 04.05.2018 Nikolaev, Ukraine Burgunder Pascal;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Actualité archéologique ukrainienne: Olbia Pontique, le limes et les barbares 13.12.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Trésors du royaume du Bosphore Cimmérien Labelettres Western Switzerland International 2020
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Etudes bosporanes International 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
116501 Peinture antique de la ville de Kertch aux époques hellénistique et romaine 01.04.2007 Project funding (Div. I-III)
102706 Célébration des Mystères éleusiniens en Mer Noire: le témoignage de tombes peintes de l'aristocratie du Bosphore cimmérien 01.10.2003 Fellowships for prospective researchers

Abstract

The here submitted project aims to utilize the historical archives kept at the Institute ofHistory of Material Culture (Saint Petersburg), which contain information about thenational heritage painted wall plaster and stuccoworks discovered in southern Russiaduring the second half of the nineteenth century. Never before scientifically exploited,this documentation constitutes a unique proof of the ancient Greco-Romanmonuments discovered at Kerch, which today have mostly disappeared. Colourfulvestiges of buildings erected on the Panticapaeum Acropolis - the ancient capital of thekingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus - fragments of painted wall plaster andstuccowork comprise the precious pictorial heritage of the world of the living, while thewalls and vaults of painted tombs from the city’s cemeteries provide glimpses of thefuneral rituals and concepts of the afterlife, disseminated by the local aristocracyduring the Roman era.The immense work of examination and systematization of handwritten documents,artworks and photographs will be used as the contents of a database, which willprovide both an access to the material and a digital backup available on the Internet.An innovative research theme traverses the material that constitutes the corpus: theRussian and Swiss team will endeavour to identify the modalities of the technologicalchange from painting to photography for the documentation of ancient monuments.This question will be explored through three major projects: the first project concernsmaking an annotated catalogue of the painted wall plaster fragments and stuccoworkdiscovered at Kerch between 1896 and 1899. This heritage, deposited in the StateHermitage Museum and already examined and recorded by the Swiss team, needs tobe considered in the light of the documentation at the time in order to bere-established in its context and reinstated in the Greco-Roman world. The secondproject focuses on an emblematic funerary monument, The Tomb of Demeter, and onthe pertinence of its adherence to the pictorial style (‘floral style’) founded by thefamous Russian scientist M. I. Rostovtsev. The study of the compositions of the paintedtomb, discovered in 1895, documented at the time by watercolours and photographs,reveals many ritual and symbolic funerary elements. The third project brings light tothe life and work of the artist painter F. I. Gross who observed and visuallydocumented the larger part of archaeological discoveries made at Kerch during thesecond half of the nineteenth century. Gross carefully painted images of manymonuments and their paintings, which are today irreparably damaged or lost. He isalso a representative of a generation that saw the advent of the photograph; the newmedium that allowed the making of an image ‘identical to’ a monument.The contribution of the project to scientific research, the preservation andenhancement of the archaeological heritage inherited from the Greco-Roman Antiquityon Russian soil is indisputable. The complementariness and proven expertise of themembers of the Russian-Swiss team guarantee a harmonious collaboration, high levelof work quality and innovative results for archaeology on the international level. Theproposed methodologies allow an appropriate approach for material to be examined,are clearly established and will be the subject of presentations at conferences andround table discussions.
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