health care; collaborative practice; interprofessional; conversation analysis
Pichonnaz David, Staffoni Liliane, Greppin-Bécherraz Camille, Menia-Knutti Isabelle, Schoeb Veronika (2021), “You Should Maybe Work Together a Little Bit”: Formulating Requests in Interprofessional Interactions, in Qualitative Health Research
StaffoniLiliana, Knutti-MeniIsabelle, BécherrazCamille, PichonnazDavid, BianchiMonica, SchoebVeronika (2019), Defining interprofessional collaboration: Qualitative study about the practical representations of the educators in healthcare, in Kinésithérapie la Revue
, 19(205), 3-9.
Pichonnaz David, Bécherraz Camille, Knutti Isabelle, Staffoni Liliana, Schoeb Veronika (2017), Filmer les soins. Données vidéo et recherche qualitative., in Recherches qualitatives
, 36(2), 63-84.
Introduction : Collaboration in health care has become increasingly important. There is some evidence with regard to the way interdisciplinary meetings and team work take place and how this collaborative work is accomplished in healthcare settings. Yet, we know very little about in what institutions/contexts interprofessional collaboration is performed regularly and how health care professionals interact with each other in collaborative situations when direct patient care needs to be provided. The objective of this study is to investigate where, when and how clinicians collaborate with each other within clinical patient care.Methods: In the first phase of the study, interviews, focus groups and questionnaires with clinicians in French-, German- and Italian-speaking institutions and coordinators for clinical placements at the Swiss Universities of Applied Sciences (HES-SO, BFH, ZHAW, SUPSI) will be undertaken (a) to identify clinical settings in which collaborative practices take place on a regular basis (e.g. rehabilitation hospitals, long- term paediatric institutions), and (b) to characterise collaborative practices as perceived by these key stakeholders. Interviews and focus groups will be analysed using qualitative content analysis. Based on the analysis generated by this first phase of the investigation, 40 patients/clients in four or five institutions will be video-recorded in situations of interprofessional collaborative practice. We plan to include professionals with various levels of experience (students, novices, experts) in order to see how participants from different categories deal with the requirements of collaborative practice, and to identify what verbal and embodied resources they deploy in interactions. Transcription and analysis of video-recordings will be performed using Conversation Analysis. Conversation Analysis sheds light onto processes, rather than on the outcome of interactions. The third phase of our study includes knowledge transfer interventions targeting both professional practice settings and educational settings (workshops, educational interventions).Expected results: The results of this project will help understand what interprofessional collaborative practice consists of in the context of healthcare, and identify the particular interactive skills required for their successful accomplishment. Theories will then be developed based on empirical findings and integrated into pre- and postgraduate educational health context.