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Living Rights in Translation. An interdisciplinary approach of working children's rights

English title Living Rights in Translation. An interdisciplinary approach of working children's rights
Applicant Hanson Karl
Number 156831
Funding scheme Interdisciplinary projects
Research institution Institut Universitaire Kurt Bösch
Institution of higher education University Institute Kurt Bösch - IUKB
Main discipline Legal sciences
Start/End 01.03.2015 - 28.02.2019
Approved amount 559'706.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Legal sciences
Communication sciences
Ethnology

Keywords (5)

Interdisiciplinarity; Translations; working children; Children's rights; Living rights

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Dans le domaine des droits de l'enfant, le travail des enfants et les droits des enfants travailleurs ont reçu une attention particulière. En réclamant le respect de leur droit de travailler dans la dignité, les organisations d'enfants travailleurs ont essayé d'influencer les débats politiques locales et globales sur la meilleure façon de prendre en compte les intérêts des enfants travailleurs. Au cours des 20 dernières années, des discussions ont eu lieu au niveau international entre une perspective dominante sur le travail des enfants défendu par les organisations intergouvernementales telles que l'OIT et l'UNICEF qui cherchent à abolir tout travail des enfants, et la revendication de reconnaître les conceptualisations des enfants travailleurs eux-mêmes de leurs droits défendu par des organisations de base d'enfants travailleurs.
Lay summary

Le débat sur le travail des enfants et les enfants travailleurs propose un domaine prometteur pour explorer comment les enfants et les organisations d'enfants s'engagent dans l'espace entre les conceptions locales et internationales des droits de l'enfant. Les études empiriques sur les opinions et la compréhension de leurs droits et de leurs traductions par les enfants seront entreprises pour approfondir les relations entre les concepts droits vivants, justice sociale et traductions. Ces trois notions offrent un cadre conceptuel original qui vise à mieux comprendre les façons complexes comment les droits de l'enfant entrent en jeu dans le développement international.

Afin de suivre les trajectoires des opinions locales et la compréhension de leurs droits par des enfants, le projet se concentrera sur les rencontres entre des organisations d'enfants travailleurs avec les acteurs locaux et internationaux ainsi que sur ??les parcours de la revendication de reconnaître le droit des enfants à travailler dans la dignité. A partir d'une étude des fondements moraux de pratiques locales d'enfants travailleurs, l'étude suivra leurs contacts avec les acteurs institutionnels puissants et les positions officielles sur l'abolition du travail des enfants. Le projet étudiera comment les revendications des enfants ont eu un impact sur, ou ont été touchés par d'autres acteurs qui élaborent les politiques du travail des enfants.

Voici les questions de recherche centrales de ce projet interdisciplinaire: Comment est-ce que les points de vue des enfants sur leurs droits (droits vivants) circulent dans les lieux transnationales? Comment est-ce que ces perspectives interagissent avec des perspectives antagonistes défendues par des acteurs transnationaux? Et comment est-ce que des connaissances de ces interactions enrichissent la compréhension du continuum entre les traductions locaux et internationaux des droits des enfants?

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.02.2015

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Within the field of children's rights, child labour and the rights of working children have received widespread attention. By claiming respect for their right to work in dignity, working children's organisations have tried to influence both local and global policy debates on how to best take into account working children's interests. Over the last 20 years, discussions have taken place in international policy realms between a dominant abolitionist perspective on child labour, which is upheld by intergovernmental organisations such as the ILO and UNICEF, and the claim to recognise working children's own conceptualisations of their rights as defended by grass-roots working children's organisations.
Lay summary

The debate on child labour and working children offers a promising domain to explore how children and children’s organizations engage the in-between space between local and international understandings of children’s rights. Empirical studies of children's opinions and understandings of their rights and their translations will be undertaken to further explore the interrelations and flux between the concepts living rights, social justice and translations, an original conceptual framework that aims to better understand the complex ways in which children’s rights come into play in international development (Hanson & Nieuwenhuys, 2013).

In order to follow the trajectories of children’s local opinions and understanding of their rights, the project will concentrate on the encounters of working children’s organizations with local and global actors and on the travels of the claim to recognise children’s right to work in dignity. Starting from a study of the moral foundations of working children's local practices, the study will follow their contacts with powerful institutional actors and official positions on the abolition of child labour. It will investigate how children's claims have had an impact on, or have been impacted by, other actors and discourses in the child labour policy making network, in which working children have had minor access.

This interdisciplinary research project's central research questions ask How children’s perspectives on their rights (living rights) circulate in transnational realms? And in what way these perspectives interact with possibly competing perspectives upheld by transnational actors? How can insights into these interactions contribute to enrich our understanding of the continuum between local and international translations of children’s rights?

Reference

Hanson, K. & Nieuwenhuys, O. (2013) Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development. Living Rights, Social Justice, Translations, Cambridge: University Press.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.02.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Human rights in translation: Bolivia’s law 548, working children’s movements, and the global child labour regime
van Daalen Edward, Mabillard Nicolas (2018), Human rights in translation: Bolivia’s law 548, working children’s movements, and the global child labour regime, in The International Journal of Human Rights, 1-19.
Children’s Rights as Living Rights The Case of Street Children and a new Law in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
van Daalen Edward, Hanson Karl, Nieuwenhuys Olga (2016), Children’s Rights as Living Rights The Case of Street Children and a new Law in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in International Journal of Children's Rights, 24(4), 803-825.
Children’s participation and agency when they don’t ‘do the right thing’
Hanson Karl (2016), Children’s participation and agency when they don’t ‘do the right thing’, in Childhood, 23(4), 471-475.
Enjeux de connaissances et de politiques autour de l’enfance
Hanson Karl (2016), Enjeux de connaissances et de politiques autour de l’enfance, in Pache Huber Véronique (ed.), Presses universitaires de Liège, Liège, 179-185.
Kinderrechten als levende rechten: tussen beleving en wetgeving in Indonesië en Bolivia
van Daalen Edward (2015), Kinderrechten als levende rechten: tussen beleving en wetgeving in Indonesië en Bolivia, in Tijdschrift voor Jeugd en Kinderrechten, 16(3), 234-245.
Jeunesse et âge adulte en pays kikuyu : des éthos précoloniaux aux nouveaux mouvements politico-religieux
DrozYvan (2015), Jeunesse et âge adulte en pays kikuyu : des éthos précoloniaux aux nouveaux mouvements politico-religieux, in Cahiers d’études africaine,, LV (2), 213-230.
2019 – DIBAKANA MOUANDA, J. A. & J. P. MISSIE, 2018, L'Afrique des familles ; la famille dans l'Afrique contemporaine, entre changement et permanence, Paris, L'Harmattan.
Droz Yvan, 2019 – DIBAKANA MOUANDA, J. A. & J. P. MISSIE, 2018, L'Afrique des familles ; la famille dans l'Afrique contemporaine, entre changement et permanence, Paris, L'Harmattan., in Cahiers d’études africaine,, 234(2), 0-0.
ILO’s Shifts in Child Labour Policy: Regulation and Abolishment
van Daalen Edward, Hanson Karl, ILO’s Shifts in Child Labour Policy: Regulation and Abolishment, in International Development Policy, 11.
Trajectoires éducatives, travail et droits de l'Enfant. Paroles d'enfants : premiers retours de terrains croisés, Dakar et Ziguinchor
Mabillard Nicolas, Jacquemin Mélanie, Trajectoires éducatives, travail et droits de l'Enfant. Paroles d'enfants : premiers retours de terrains croisés, Dakar et Ziguinchor, in Denéchère Yves (ed.), Presses Universitaires de Liège, Liège.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI) Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canadian Institute for Advanced research (CIFAR) Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
nccr – on the move / Université de Neuchâtel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Sciences Po Law School France (Europe)
- Exchange of personnel
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) - Dakar SENEGAL Senegal (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights Austria (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Peripheries of Law Individual talk Third World Resistance in International Human Rights Law: Working Children’s Movements, the ILO, and the Global Child Labour Regime 05.12.2018 Sciences Po Law School, Paris, France van Daalen Edward;
INTERFACES 3rd Annual Conference of the Law and Development Research Network Talk given at a conference The Role of Working Children’s Movements in the Continuous Development of International Child Labour Law 19.09.2018 Leiden Law School, Netherlands van Daalen Edward;
Afrika-Kolloquium: Vortragsreihe des Instituts für Afrikawissenschaften Individual talk An inquiry into a major organization that translates concepts of working children's rights in urban Senegal 08.05.2018 Vienna, Austria Mabillard Nicolas;
Droit de la famille et droits de l'Enfant Talk given at a conference Apprendre et fabriquer les droits des enfants travailleurs dans les centres urbains au Sénégal 20.04.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Mabillard Nicolas;
Parole(s) des enfants et droits des enfants XX-XXIe siècles Talk given at a conference Enfants travailleurs : de quels droits parlent-ils ? Terrains croisés au Sénégal 22.11.2017 université d'Angers, France Mabillard Nicolas;
Foro Internacional. Public policies with working children and adolescents: Protagonist perspectives and experiences from the Global South. Talk given at a conference ILO's changing child labour policy 16.10.2017 UMSA University, La Paz, Bolivia Hanson Karl; van Daalen Edward;
CONCEPTUALIZING CHILDREN AND YOUTH CONFERENCE October 12-14, 2017 Talk given at a conference Panel 18: Conceptualising working children’s rights 06.10.2017 Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada van Daalen Edward; Mabillard Nicolas;
Empirical Research in Law and Development: Challenges and Lessons Learned Talk given at a conference EXPERIENCES FROM THE FIELD: CHALLENGES & LESSONS LEARNED 20.09.2017 Rodestraat 14, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, BE, Belgium van Daalen Edward; Mabillard Nicolas;
ILO 100 years: functioning, achievements and challenges Talk given at a conference ILO's shifts in child labour policy 14.09.2017 Geneva, Switzerland Hanson Karl; van Daalen Edward;
7th European Conference on African Studies ECAS 2017 Talk given at a conference Traductions de concepts de droits de l'Enfant et socialisations hybrides des enfants travailleurs dans deux villes sénégalaises 29.06.2017 Université de Bâle, BS, Switzerland Mabillard Nicolas;
4th Children’s Rights Research Symposium Talk given at a conference Re-narrating International Child Labour Norms: The Role and Resistance of Working Children’s Organisations 08.12.2016 Leiden, Netherlands Hanson Karl; van Daalen Edward;
L’envers du droit. Soirée de présentation des nouvelles et nouveaux professeurs de la Faculté de droit Talk given at a conference Le droit au travail des enfants en tant que « droit vivant » 21.09.2016 Genève, Switzerland Hanson Karl;
Trueman Institute, The Hebrew University Individual talk Coming of Age in an Age of Change: Traditional Ethos, Born Again Identity, and Self-Accomplishment in Contemporary Kenya 07.06.2016 Jerusalem, Israel Droz Yvan;
Children’s Rights: Origins, Normativity, Transformations and Prospects Talk given at a conference Children’s agency and participation rights when they don’t do “the right thing” 06.06.2016 Linköping University, Sweden Hanson Karl;
Kinderrechten en diversiteit in onderzoek Talk given at a conference Kinderrechten als Levende Rechten 25.02.2016 Antwerp, Belgium van Daalen Edward;
LARTES-IFAN, Université Cheikh Anta Diop Individual talk De l’enfance à l’âge adulte en pays kikuyu (Kenya) : éthique des droits de l’Homme et éthos kikuyu 20.01.2016 Dakar, Senegal Droz Yvan;
Symposium sur l'Enfant dans le cadre du Plan Sénégal Émergent Talk given at a conference Les droits des enfants travailleurs dans des ateliers et au sein du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs à Dakar 17.12.2015 King Fahd Palace, Route des Almadies Dakar, 8181 Senegal, Senegal Mabillard Nicolas;
The Global Challenge of Human Rights Integration: Towards a Users’ Perspective Talk given at a conference Human rights and the concept of translation 10.12.2015 Gent, Belgium van Daalen Edward; Hanson Karl;
3rd Children’s rights research symposium Talk given at a conference Exploring a ‘comparative interdisciplinary approach’ in children’s rights research 14.10.2015 Antwerp, Belgium Hanson Karl; van Daalen Edward;
3rd International Conference of the International Childhood and Youth Research Network: Theory and Method in Child & Youth Research Talk given at a conference Translations as a theoretical construct for studying working children’s rights 10.06.2015 Nicosie, Cyprus Hanson Karl;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
table ronde Coming of Age in a Time of Change: New Forms of Gendered Self-Accomplishment in (East) Africa and beyond, 7ème conférence européenne des études africaines 30.06.2017 Bâle, Switzerland
Interdisciplinary research seminar "Living rights in translation. An interdisciplinary approach of working children’s rights" 07.04.2016 Genève, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Living Rights in Translation: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children’s Rights Talk 27.02.2019 Centre for Children's Rights Studies, Switzerland Mabillard Nicolas; van Daalen Edward;
Fondation Hirondelle, Lausanne Talk 20.09.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Droz Yvan;
Living Rights in Translation: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children’s Rights Talk 28.02.2018 Centre for Children's Rights Studies, Switzerland van Daalen Edward; Mabillard Nicolas;
The Bolivian Case: Law 548 and the ILO Committee on the Application of Standards Workshop 01.12.2017 Centre for Children's Rights Studies, University of Geneva, Switzerland Mabillard Nicolas; van Daalen Edward;
Foro Internacional. Public policies with working children and adolescents: Protagonist perspectives and experiences from the Global South. Workshop 16.10.2017 UMSA University, La Paz, Bolivia van Daalen Edward; Hanson Karl; Mabillard Nicolas;
Evidence Roundtable with ILO, CSO and Academia Workshop 30.08.2017 ILO, Geneva, Switzerland van Daalen Edward;
Tracing the Travels and Translations of Working Children’s Rights Talk 10.04.2017 Rutgers, Camden, United States of America van Daalen Edward;
Négocier les Droits des Enfants en Situation de Rue à Yogyakarta Talk 06.03.2017 MIDE - Centre for Children's Rights Studies, UNIGE, Switzerland van Daalen Edward;
Living Rights in Translation: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children’s Rights Talk 15.12.2016 Van Vollenhoven Instituut (VVI), Leiden, Netherlands van Daalen Edward;
Les droits de l’Enfant en traduction: Etude de cas sur la Bolivie Talk 24.11.2016 IRD, Dakar, Senegal van Daalen Edward; Mabillard Nicolas;
Living Rights and Translations Negotiating Street Children’s Rights in Yogyakarta, Indonesia Talk 03.03.2016 Centre for Children's Rights Centre, University of Geneva, Switzerland van Daalen Edward;
Living Rights in Translation: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children’s Rights Talk 13.01.2016 Tata Institut, Mumbai/Bangalore, India van Daalen Edward;
Living Rights in Translation: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children’s Rights Talk 17.12.2015 Freie Universität Berlin, Germany van Daalen Edward;
Working Children: A Human Rights Issue Talk 02.12.2015 University of Geneva, MCR Talk, Switzerland van Daalen Edward;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Enfants du monde : Ils réclament le droit de travailler dignement ECHO magazine Western Switzerland 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A tale of two conferences: exploring the politics of global child labour policies openDemocracy International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Can campaigns to stop child labour be stopped? Open Democracy International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) India’s child labour law Childrights.org International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Living Rights in Translation. An Interdisciplinary Approach of Working Children's rights Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Saving children with songs and light refreshments Opendemocracy International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Living rights in translation: An interdisciplinary approach of working children's rights Site web de l'Institut de Hautes Études Internationales et du Développement Western Switzerland International 2015

Awards

Title Year
Visiting Fellowship at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights (February 2018 - March 2019) 2018
Visiting Fellowship at the Sciences Po Law School, Paris 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
124243 Living Rights - Theorizing children's rights in international development 01.01.2009 Scientific Conferences
127311 Living rights: An interdisiciplinary approach to international translations of children’s rights 01.02.2010 Interdisciplinary projects

Abstract

The research project aims to study the trajectories of local conceptualisations of children’s rights within a larger network that brings together child rights actors and discourses on children’s rights. Empirical studies of children's opinions and understandings of their rights and their translations will be undertaken to further explore the interrelations and flux between the concepts living rights, social justice and translations, an original conceptual framework that aims to better understand the complex ways in which children’s rights come into play in international development (Hanson & Nieuwenhuys, 2013).In order to follow the trajectories of children’s local opinions and understanding of their rights, the project will concentrate on the encounters of working children’s organizations with local and global actors and on the travels of the claim to recognise children’s right to work in dignity. Starting from a study of the moral foundations of working children's local practices, the study will follow their contacts with powerful institutional actors and official positions on the abolition of child labour. It will investigate how children's claims have had an impact on, or have been impacted by, other actors and discourses in the child labour policy making network, in which working children have had minor access. The research will give particular attention to the interstitial space between local perspectives and the points of view adopted by staff of cosmopolite international organizations, where dominant child labour regulations and policies are designed and gain official status.From the interdisciplinary dialogue on the combined findings of the studies in the field of child labour, the project wishes to engage with the central research questions that can be formulated as follows:How do children’s perspectives on their rights (living rights) circulate in transnational realms? In what way do these perspectives interact with possibly competing perspectives upheld by transnational actors? How can insights into these interactions enrich our understanding of the continuum between local and international translations of children’s rights?The three parts of the study offer the opportunity to investigate in detail practices related to the regulation and the policies in the field of children’s rights and concern (1) the empirical study of the opinion of working children and their organizations; (2) the empirical study of discourses on working children’s right to work in dignity; and (3) a theoretical study of the translation of children's perspectives on their rights. It is the project’s contention that the combined insights derived from these three interrelated parts will enable to deepen our empirical and theoretical knowledge on how children's conceptualisations of their rights develop in interaction within a larger web of local and global actors and the discourses they produce.
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