cohort study; young men; risk factors; substance use; Alcohol; Cannabis; Illicit drugs; Tobacco; Personality; Developmental trajectories
Labhart Florian, Kuntsche Emmanuel, Wicki Matthias, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Reciprocal Influences of Drinking Motives on Alcohol Use and Related Consequences: A Full Cross-Lagged Panel Study Among Young Adult Men, in Behavioral Medicine
, 43(4), 277-284.
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Dupuis Marc, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Substance Use in Young Swiss Men: The Interplay of Perceived Social Support and Dispositional Characteristics, in Substance Use & Misuse
, 52(6), 798-810.
Dupuis Marc, Baggio Stéphanie, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Validation of a brief form of the Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion questionnaire, in Journal of Health Psychology
, 22(2), 218-227.
Rougemont-Bücking Ansgar, Grazioli Veronique S., Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard, Studer Joseph (2017), Family-Related Stress versus External Stressors: Differential Impacts on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Young Men, in European Addiction Research
, 23(6), 284-297.
Charitonidi Eleni, Studer Joseph, Gaume Jacques, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Bertholet Nicolas (2016), Socioeconomic status and substance use among Swiss young men: a population-based cross-sectional study, in BMC Public Health
, 16(1), 333-333.
Khazaal Yasser, Chatton Anne, Rothen Stephane, Achab Sophia, Thorens Gabriel, Zullino Daniele, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Psychometric properties of the 7-item game addiction scale among french and German speaking adults, in BMC Psychiatry
, 16(1), 132-132.
Bertholet Nicolas, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Cunningham John A., Burnand Bernard, Gmel Gerhard, Gaume Jacques (2016), Are young men who overestimate drinking by others more likely to respond to an electronic normative feedback brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use?, in Addictive Behaviors
, 63, 97-101.
Bähler C., Foster S., Estévez N., Dey M., Gmel G., Mohler-Kuo M. (2016), Changes in living arrangement, daily smoking, and risky drinking initiation among young Swiss men: a longitudinal cohort study, in Public Health
, 140, 119-127.
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Grazioli Véronique S., Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Risky substance use and peer pressure in Swiss young men: Test of moderation effects, in Drug and Alcohol Dependence
, 168, 89-98.
Vogel Tanja, Dom Geert, van de Glind Geurt, Studer Joseph, Gmel Gerhard, Strik Werner, Moggi Franz (2016), Is attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among men associated with initiation or escalation of substance use at 15-month follow-up? A longitudinal study involving young Swiss menADHD and substance use, in Addiction
, 111(10), 1867-1878.
Foster Simon, Held Leonhard, Gmel Gerhard, Mohler-Kuo Meichun (2016), Geographical variation in the prevalence of heavy drinking in young Swiss men, in The European Journal of Public Health
, 26(5), 850-855.
Martin-Diener Eva, Foster Simon, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Martin Brian W. (2016), Physical Activity, Sensation Seeking, and Aggression as Injury Risk Factors in Young Swiss Men: A Population-Based Cohort Study, in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
, 13(10), 1049-1055.
Dupuis Marc, Baggio Stéphanie, Accard Marion Emilie, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Gmel Gerhard (2016), The association between alcohol abstinence, drinking or binge drinking and drug use: is alcohol abstinence that safe?, in Drugs and Alcohol Today
, 16(3), 212-221.
Baggio S., Mohler-Kuo M., Dupuis M., Henchoz Y., Studer J., N’Goran A.A., Gmel G. (2016), Substance use capital: Social resources enhancing youth substance use, in Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
, 64(4), 255-262.
Baggio Stéphanie, Studer Joseph, Iglesias Katia, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Emerging Adulthood: A Time of Changes in Psychosocial Well-Being, in Evaluation & the Health Professions
, 40(4), 383-400.
Baggio Stéphanie, Studer Joseph, Dupuis Marc, Gerhard Gmel (2016), Subthreshold problem drinkers in DSM-5 alcohol use disorder classificationSubthreshold Problem Drinkers in DSM-5 AUD, in The American Journal on Addictions
, 25(5), 408-415.
Gmel G, Baggio S, Mohler-Kuo M, Studer J (2016), When vaping lobbyists get science wrong – reply to Poirson, in Swiss Medical Weekly
, 146, w14332.
Gaume Jacques, Magill Molly, Mastroleo Nadine R., Longabaugh Richard, Bertholet Nicolas, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard (2016), Change Talk During Brief Motivational Intervention With Young Adult Males: Strength Matters, in Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
, 65, 58-65.
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Dupuis Marc, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Drinking Motives As Mediators of the Associations between Reinforcement Sensitivity and Alcohol Misuse and Problems, in Frontiers in Psychology
, 7, 718.
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Factor structure and psychometric properties of a French and German shortened version of the Behavioural Inhibition System/Behavioural Activation System scalesFrench and German Version of the BIS/BAS Scales, in International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
, 25(1), 44-54.
Kuntsche Sandra, Astudillo Mariana, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Social roles among recruits in Switzerland: Do social roles relate to alcohol use and does role change have an impact?, in Addictive Behaviors
, 54, 59-63.
Dupuis Marc, Studer Joseph, Henchoz Yves, Deline Stéphane, Baggio Stéphanie, N’Goran Alexandra, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Validation of French and German versions of a Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire among young Swiss males, and its relationship with substance use, in Journal of Health Psychology
, 21(2), 171-182.
Gmel G, Baggio S, Mohler-Kuo M, Daeppen JB, Studer J (2016), E-cigarette use in young Swiss men: is vaping an effective way of reducing or quitting smoking?, in Swiss Medical Weekly
, 146, w14271.
Henchoz Yves, N’Goran Alexandra A., Baggio Stéphanie, Deline Stéphane, Studer Joseph, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Associations of age at cannabis first use and later substance abuse with mental health and depression in young men, in Journal of Substance Use
, 21(1), 85-91.
Thorens Gabriel, Rothen Stephane, Gmel Gerhard, Khazaal Yasser, Achab Sophia, Calzada Gerard, Zullino Daniele (2016), Association between Religious Beliefs and Drugs of Choice in a Swiss Male Sample, in Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & Rehabilitation
, 05(01), 1.
Gaume Jacques, Longabaugh Richard, Magill Molly, Bertholet Nicolas, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard (2016), Under what conditions? Therapist and client characteristics moderate the role of change talk in brief motivational intervention., in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
, 84(3), 211-220.
Henchoz Yves, Studer Joseph, Deline Stéphane, N’Goran Alexandra A., Baggio Stéphanie, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Video Gaming Disorder and Sport and Exercise in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study, in Behavioral Medicine
, 42(2), 105-111.
Adolescent and young adult substance use remains one of Europe's most entrenched and costly health problems, despite considerable expenditures on alcohol and drug education and prevention programs. It is the leading cause of adolescent and young adult mortality worldwide. Alcohol and illicit drug use at young ages is associated with various high-risk behaviors such as violence, injuries, suicide, depressive disorders, school dropouts and risky sexual behavior; it is a strong predictor of later adult substance abuse and dependence, and is more prevalent among males in almost all societies.Adolescent substance use in Switzerland is among the highest of the European countries. Few longitudinal studies have addressed the critical phase between late teen years and early adulthood, as does the current proposal, and most studies come from North America with a completely different socio-cultural background than Switzerland. Behaviors like substance use result from the interaction and interdependence of behavioral, personal, and environmental factors. Environmental and familial factors motivate and reinforce behaviors while personal factors alter the way individuals perceive and respond to the environment.The study analyses protective and detrimental factors of substance use, which will lead to design specific preventive actions adequate in the Swiss context. The study therefore has the following main aims: 1. To estimate the prevalence and trend of substance use and related consequences among young adults in Switzerland using a sample (quasi-census) of 6000 Swiss 19 year-old men at baseline. In addition, the prevalence among subpopulations (e.g., socioeconomic status or neighborhood characteristics, etc.) are compared. 2. To characterize patterns of substance use and changes over time among young adults. In particular, individual trajectories are modeled and factors associated with onset,intake and abstinence are examined. 3. To identify risk and protective factors associated with young adult substance use in the multi-level context of individual, family and societal/environmental levels guided by a developmental social context model. The present cohort study is designed to assess the substance use patterns and related consequences in 19 year-old men following mandatory army recruitment procedures (around 98% of the male population of this age) and to follow them up into emerging adulthood over a period of possibly at least 10 years. Cohort participants have been enlisted during the year 2010 and 2011 in three centers responsible for processing all francophone Swiss men and all germanphone Swiss men in the cantons of Bern, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Solothurn, Aargau, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Uri, St. Gallen, Appenzell A.-Rh., Appenzell I.-Rh., Glarus, Graubünden und Schwyz (representing 21 of 26 cantons in total).Since recruitment procedures are mandatory, the present study is representative of 19 year-old men in Switzerland.The present application seeks for maintenance of the cohort and the preparation of the 2nd follow-up over the following two years (April 2014 - March 2016). Baseline data and first follow-up (90% completion) after 15 months have been collected. The application then seeks for funding of a second follow-up at the age of 25-26 (April 2016-March 2018). In the long-term a third follow-up around the age of 30 years is forseen. In summary, the main research purpose is to examine the development of substance use and related consequences, from the late teens to young adulthood within a multi-level context of individual-family-environment interaction.