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Cohort study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF)

English title Cohort study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF)
Applicant Gmel Gerhard
Number 148493
Funding scheme Cohort Studies Large
Research institution Service de médecine des addictions Département de psychiatrie CHUV
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Addictive Diseases
Start/End 01.04.2014 - 31.03.2018
Approved amount 2'982'330.00
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All Disciplines (23)

Discipline
Addictive Diseases
Metabolic Disorders
Cancer
Medico-Social Problems of Youth
Respiratory Diseases
Accidents
Public Health and Health Services
Political science
Neurophysiology and Brain Research
Infectious Diseases
Medical Statistics
Applied psychology
Cardiovascular Diseases
Health
Methods of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
Sociology
Religious studies, Theology
Psychology
Pharmacology, Pharmacy
Communication sciences
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Cardiovascular Research
Social work

Keywords (10)

cohort study; young men; risk factors; substance use; Alcohol; Cannabis; Illicit drugs; Tobacco; Personality; Developmental trajectories

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Beginnend ab einem Alter von etwa 19 bis 20 Jahren untersucht die Studie über die Zeit bei denselben etwa 6000 Männern, wie sich der Gebrauch von legalen und illegalen Substanzen bis zu einem Alter von etwa 30 Jahren entwickelt. Dies ist ein Phase im Leben in der viele Wandel stattfinden und Herausforderungen an die Entwicklung eines Menschen gestellt werden: das Verlassen des Elternhauses, Heirat, das Gründen einer Familie oder der Eintritt in die Arbeitswelt. Das Projekt versucht auf der einen Seite Faktoren zu identifizieren, die einem Missbrauch von Substanzen begünstigen, auf der anderen Seite aber ebenso Faktoren, die vor einem Missbrauch schützen. Dabei werden verschiedenen Bereichen herangezogen: individuelle Bedingungen wie Persönlichkeit, engere Einflussfaktoren des direkten Umfelds wie Familie und Freunde, aber auch Einflussfaktoren auf der Makroebene wie Preise für Alkohol oder politische Massnahmen gegen Passivrauchen.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Starker Substanzkonsum bei Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen ist der Hauptfaktor für Sterblichkeit in diesem Alter und führt nicht selten zu späteren Problemen wie Abhängigkeit. Die Studie hat deshalb die folgenden Ziele: a) Bestimmung der Anteils an Substanzkonsumenten und Aufzeigen von Trends im Substanzgebrauch, b) Aufzeigen von Konsummustern und deren Veränderung über die Zeit, also wann beginnen solche Muster, was wird wann konsumiert und wer enthält sich vom Konsum? c) Was sind die Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren für einen unangemessenen bzw. angemessenen Gebrauch oder gar einem Nichtgebrauch. Dazu wurden 6000 junge Männer der deutschen und französischen Schweiz aus allen sozialen Schichten zur Teilnahme an der Studie bewegt. In zwei Befragungen etwa im Alter von 19- bis 20 und 21 bis 22 Jahren wurden erste Hinweise für bestimmte Entwicklungen gefunden. auf solche Entwicklungen gefunden. Die meisten Entwicklungssprünge beginnen aber später etwa Mitte und Ende der 20er. Die vorliegende Finanzierung bereitet diese Befragung vor, wobei ein Hauptaugenmerk darauf liegt, möglichst alle Teilnehmer in der Studie zu behalten.

 Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Studien in diesem Bereich gibt es fast nur aus den Vereinigten Staaten, die aber völlig andere Bedingungen aufweisen wie Länder in Europa, so dass davon ausgegangen werden muss, dass es andere Faktoren gibt, die den Konsum von Substanzen günstig oder negativ beeinflussen. Auch wurden diese Studien häufig nur bei Studierenden durchgeführt und lassen so die Mehrheit junger Menschen mit weniger steilen Bildungskarrieren ausser Acht. Darüber hinaus gibt es kaum eine Studie in diesem wichtigen Lebensabschnitt zwischen später Jugendzeit und frühem Erwachsenenalter. Die Studie wird wichtige Bestimmungsstücke für eine zielgerichtete Prävention in diesem Alter herausarbeiten.

Keywords: Alcohol, Cannabis, illicit drugs, Tobacco personality developmental trajectories.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.02.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Name Institute

Publications

Publication
Reciprocal Influences of Drinking Motives on Alcohol Use and Related Consequences: A Full Cross-Lagged Panel Study Among Young Adult Men
Labhart Florian, Kuntsche Emmanuel, Wicki Matthias, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Reciprocal Influences of Drinking Motives on Alcohol Use and Related Consequences: A Full Cross-Lagged Panel Study Among Young Adult Men, in Behavioral Medicine, 43(4), 277-284.
Substance Use in Young Swiss Men: The Interplay of Perceived Social Support and Dispositional Characteristics
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Dupuis Marc, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Substance Use in Young Swiss Men: The Interplay of Perceived Social Support and Dispositional Characteristics, in Substance Use & Misuse, 52(6), 798-810.
Validation of a brief form of the Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion questionnaire
Dupuis Marc, Baggio Stéphanie, Gmel Gerhard (2017), Validation of a brief form of the Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion questionnaire, in Journal of Health Psychology, 22(2), 218-227.
Family-Related Stress versus External Stressors: Differential Impacts on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Young Men
Rougemont-Bücking Ansgar, Grazioli Veronique S., Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard, Studer Joseph (2017), Family-Related Stress versus External Stressors: Differential Impacts on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Young Men, in European Addiction Research, 23(6), 284-297.
Socioeconomic status and substance use among Swiss young men: a population-based cross-sectional study
Charitonidi Eleni, Studer Joseph, Gaume Jacques, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Bertholet Nicolas (2016), Socioeconomic status and substance use among Swiss young men: a population-based cross-sectional study, in BMC Public Health, 16(1), 333-333.
Psychometric properties of the 7-item game addiction scale among french and German speaking adults
Khazaal Yasser, Chatton Anne, Rothen Stephane, Achab Sophia, Thorens Gabriel, Zullino Daniele, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Psychometric properties of the 7-item game addiction scale among french and German speaking adults, in BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 132-132.
Are young men who overestimate drinking by others more likely to respond to an electronic normative feedback brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use?
Bertholet Nicolas, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Cunningham John A., Burnand Bernard, Gmel Gerhard, Gaume Jacques (2016), Are young men who overestimate drinking by others more likely to respond to an electronic normative feedback brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use?, in Addictive Behaviors, 63, 97-101.
Changes in living arrangement, daily smoking, and risky drinking initiation among young Swiss men: a longitudinal cohort study
Bähler C., Foster S., Estévez N., Dey M., Gmel G., Mohler-Kuo M. (2016), Changes in living arrangement, daily smoking, and risky drinking initiation among young Swiss men: a longitudinal cohort study, in Public Health, 140, 119-127.
Risky substance use and peer pressure in Swiss young men: Test of moderation effects
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Grazioli Véronique S., Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Risky substance use and peer pressure in Swiss young men: Test of moderation effects, in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 168, 89-98.
Is attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among men associated with initiation or escalation of substance use at 15-month follow-up? A longitudinal study involving young Swiss menADHD and substance use
Vogel Tanja, Dom Geert, van de Glind Geurt, Studer Joseph, Gmel Gerhard, Strik Werner, Moggi Franz (2016), Is attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among men associated with initiation or escalation of substance use at 15-month follow-up? A longitudinal study involving young Swiss menADHD and substance use, in Addiction, 111(10), 1867-1878.
Geographical variation in the prevalence of heavy drinking in young Swiss men
Foster Simon, Held Leonhard, Gmel Gerhard, Mohler-Kuo Meichun (2016), Geographical variation in the prevalence of heavy drinking in young Swiss men, in The European Journal of Public Health, 26(5), 850-855.
Physical Activity, Sensation Seeking, and Aggression as Injury Risk Factors in Young Swiss Men: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Martin-Diener Eva, Foster Simon, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Martin Brian W. (2016), Physical Activity, Sensation Seeking, and Aggression as Injury Risk Factors in Young Swiss Men: A Population-Based Cohort Study, in Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13(10), 1049-1055.
The association between alcohol abstinence, drinking or binge drinking and drug use: is alcohol abstinence that safe?
Dupuis Marc, Baggio Stéphanie, Accard Marion Emilie, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Gmel Gerhard (2016), The association between alcohol abstinence, drinking or binge drinking and drug use: is alcohol abstinence that safe?, in Drugs and Alcohol Today, 16(3), 212-221.
Substance use capital: Social resources enhancing youth substance use
Baggio S., Mohler-Kuo M., Dupuis M., Henchoz Y., Studer J., N’Goran A.A., Gmel G. (2016), Substance use capital: Social resources enhancing youth substance use, in Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 64(4), 255-262.
Emerging Adulthood: A Time of Changes in Psychosocial Well-Being
Baggio Stéphanie, Studer Joseph, Iglesias Katia, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Emerging Adulthood: A Time of Changes in Psychosocial Well-Being, in Evaluation & the Health Professions, 40(4), 383-400.
Subthreshold problem drinkers in DSM-5 alcohol use disorder classificationSubthreshold Problem Drinkers in DSM-5 AUD
Baggio Stéphanie, Studer Joseph, Dupuis Marc, Gerhard Gmel (2016), Subthreshold problem drinkers in DSM-5 alcohol use disorder classificationSubthreshold Problem Drinkers in DSM-5 AUD, in The American Journal on Addictions, 25(5), 408-415.
When vaping lobbyists get science wrong – reply to Poirson
Gmel G, Baggio S, Mohler-Kuo M, Studer J (2016), When vaping lobbyists get science wrong – reply to Poirson, in Swiss Medical Weekly, 146, w14332.
Change Talk During Brief Motivational Intervention With Young Adult Males: Strength Matters
Gaume Jacques, Magill Molly, Mastroleo Nadine R., Longabaugh Richard, Bertholet Nicolas, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard (2016), Change Talk During Brief Motivational Intervention With Young Adult Males: Strength Matters, in Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 65, 58-65.
Drinking Motives As Mediators of the Associations between Reinforcement Sensitivity and Alcohol Misuse and Problems
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Dupuis Marc, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Drinking Motives As Mediators of the Associations between Reinforcement Sensitivity and Alcohol Misuse and Problems, in Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 718.
Factor structure and psychometric properties of a French and German shortened version of the Behavioural Inhibition System/Behavioural Activation System scalesFrench and German Version of the BIS/BAS Scales
Studer Joseph, Baggio Stéphanie, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Daeppen Jean-Bernard, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Factor structure and psychometric properties of a French and German shortened version of the Behavioural Inhibition System/Behavioural Activation System scalesFrench and German Version of the BIS/BAS Scales, in International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 25(1), 44-54.
Social roles among recruits in Switzerland: Do social roles relate to alcohol use and does role change have an impact?
Kuntsche Sandra, Astudillo Mariana, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Social roles among recruits in Switzerland: Do social roles relate to alcohol use and does role change have an impact?, in Addictive Behaviors, 54, 59-63.
Validation of French and German versions of a Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire among young Swiss males, and its relationship with substance use
Dupuis Marc, Studer Joseph, Henchoz Yves, Deline Stéphane, Baggio Stéphanie, N’Goran Alexandra, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Validation of French and German versions of a Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire among young Swiss males, and its relationship with substance use, in Journal of Health Psychology, 21(2), 171-182.
E-cigarette use in young Swiss men: is vaping an effective way of reducing or quitting smoking?
Gmel G, Baggio S, Mohler-Kuo M, Daeppen JB, Studer J (2016), E-cigarette use in young Swiss men: is vaping an effective way of reducing or quitting smoking?, in Swiss Medical Weekly, 146, w14271.
Associations of age at cannabis first use and later substance abuse with mental health and depression in young men
Henchoz Yves, N’Goran Alexandra A., Baggio Stéphanie, Deline Stéphane, Studer Joseph, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Associations of age at cannabis first use and later substance abuse with mental health and depression in young men, in Journal of Substance Use, 21(1), 85-91.
Association between Religious Beliefs and Drugs of Choice in a Swiss Male Sample
Thorens Gabriel, Rothen Stephane, Gmel Gerhard, Khazaal Yasser, Achab Sophia, Calzada Gerard, Zullino Daniele (2016), Association between Religious Beliefs and Drugs of Choice in a Swiss Male Sample, in Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & Rehabilitation, 05(01), 1.
Under what conditions? Therapist and client characteristics moderate the role of change talk in brief motivational intervention.
Gaume Jacques, Longabaugh Richard, Magill Molly, Bertholet Nicolas, Gmel Gerhard, Daeppen Jean-Bernard (2016), Under what conditions? Therapist and client characteristics moderate the role of change talk in brief motivational intervention., in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(3), 211-220.
Video Gaming Disorder and Sport and Exercise in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study
Henchoz Yves, Studer Joseph, Deline Stéphane, N’Goran Alexandra A., Baggio Stéphanie, Gmel Gerhard (2016), Video Gaming Disorder and Sport and Exercise in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study, in Behavioral Medicine, 42(2), 105-111.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Dr. Raphael Heinzer Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Katia Iglesias Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Anthony Jorm Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Alina Rosca Romania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Verena N. Buchholz Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Mary E. Larimer United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Hervé Kündig, Dr. Emmanuel Kuntsche, Dr. Sandra Kuntsche Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Michael Schaub Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Daniel Fuster Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Paul Dietze Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Franz Moggi Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Brian Martin Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Ibrahima D. Diatta Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Stephanie Baggio Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Yasser Khazaal, Prof. Daniele Zullino Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Jacques Besson Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Toben Nelson United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr Guy Elcheroth Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Molly Magill , Prof. Richard Longabaugh United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Ulrich Schnyder Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Courtney Bagge United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Jean-François Etter Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Simon Steiner Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Frank Sporkert Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Matthias Egger Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Jean-Sébastian Fallu Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. André Berchtold Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Karl Mann Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. John Cunningham Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Sophie Baudat Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Leonhard Held Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Benjamin Boutrel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Birgit Braun, Dr. Lenz, Prof. Kornhuber Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Swiss Public Health Conference 2014 and 3. Network meeting Swiss Mental Health Talk given at a conference Physical activity, sports, sensation seeking and injuries in male emerging adults in Switzerland 21.08.2019 Olten, Switzerland Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Foster Simon;
16th congress of the International Federation of Psychiatric Epidemiology Talk given at a conference The number of implemented alcohol policies reduces the risk of lighter but not heavier forms of drinking 17.10.2017 Melbourne, Australia Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Foster Simon;
16th congress of the International Federation of Psychiatric Epidemiology Talk given at a conference Trauma exposure and psychiatric comorbidity among young Swiss men 17.10.2017 Melbourne, Australia Estévez Natalia; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
15th SPS SGP SSP conference: Treasuring the diversity of psychology Talk given at a conference Longitudinal associations of drinking motives with risky single-occasion drinking and alcohol use disorder: comparison between two scoring methods of drinking motives 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Gmel Gerhard; Grazioli Véronique; Studer Joseph;
15th SPS SGP SSP conference: Treasuring the diversity of psychology Talk given at a conference Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Future Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms: Examining the Roles of Coping and Enhancement Drinking Motives Among Young Men 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Studer Joseph; Grazioli Véronique; Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
43rd Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference When does late adolescent bingeing have a detrimental trajectory into young adulthood bingeing and Alcohol Use Disorders? 05.06.2017 Sheffield, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Grazioli Véronique; Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph;
Research colloquium of the Swiss Institute for Addiction and Health Research Talk given at a conference Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors in Switzerland: opportunities and challenges for longitudinal substance use research 17.10.2016 Zürich , Switzerland Gmel Gerhard;
13th meeting of the International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol and other Drugs Poster Screening for alcohol use disorder: The problem of subthreshold problem drinkers in DSM-5 22.09.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Studer Joseph; Gmel Gerhard;
The 13th meeting of the International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol and other Drugs Poster The Interactive Effects of Personality Traits and Peer Influence on Alcohol Outcomes: Which Young Men Might Benefit Most From Interventions Targeting Peer Influence? 22.09.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Studer Joseph; Gmel Gerhard; Grazioli Véronique; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
Deutscher Suchtkongress 2016 Talk given at a conference Familiäre Stressfaktoren im Vergleich zu ausserfamiliären Stressfaktoren. Unterschiedliche Auswirkungenauf den Konsum von Alkohol und von illegalen Drogen 05.09.2016 Berlin, Germany Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph; Grazioli Véronique;
Deutscher Suchtkongress 2016 Talk given at a conference Depression, Alcohol use and Coping Drinking Motives: Examining Various Pathways Related to Suicide Attempt Among Young Men 05.09.2016 Berlin, Germany Studer Joseph; Grazioli Véronique; Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
The 13th scientific meeting of the Swiss Society of Psychiatry Epidemiology Poster Associations between potentially-traumatic events and selected mental health problems in youg swiss men 24.06.2016 Zürich, Switzerland Gmel Gerhard; Estévez Natalia; Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Pitzurra Raffaela; Foster Simon;
the WPA Section on Epidemiology and Public Health 2016 Meeting 'Psychiatric epidemiology meets genetics: the public health consequences' Poster Trauma exposure and psychiatric co-morbidity among young Swiss men 29.04.2016 München, Germany Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Foster Simon; Estévez Natalia; Pitzurra Raffaela;
The 15th Congress of the International Federation for Psychiatric Epidemiology Talk given at a conference Psychopathological classifications as provided by ICD and DSM have diagnostic validity in the general population despite the symptomatic heterogeneity among those affected 07.10.2015 Bergen, Norway Foster Simon; Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Gmel Gerhard;
The 15th Congress of the International Federation for Psychiatric Epidemiology Talk given at a conference The prevalence of alcohol use disorder among young Swiss men: a comparison between DSM-IV and DSM-5 07.10.2015 Bergen, Norway Foster Simon; Gmel Gerhard; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
The 15th Congress of the International Federation for Psychiatric Epidemiology Talk given at a conference The association between Adult attention -deficit /hyperactivity disorder and substance use in Swiss young men 07.10.2015 Bergen, Norway Estévez Natalia; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
The 17th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Addiction Medicine Talk given at a conference Reframing addiction: Empirical comparison of heavy use over time and addiction regarding gaming and Internet use. 05.10.2015 Dundee, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph;
12th congress of INEBRIA (International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol and other drugs) Talk given at a conference Are young men who overestimate drinking by others more likely to respond to an electronic normative feedback brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use? 24.09.2015 Atlanta, United States of America Gmel Gerhard; Daeppen Jean-Bernard;
First European Conference on Addictive Behaviours and Dependencies Talk given at a conference E-cigarette use in young Swiss men: is vaping an effective way of reducing or quitting smoking? 23.09.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph; Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
Deutscher Suchtkongress 2015 Talk given at a conference Hängen Symptome von Aufmerksamkeitsdefizit-/Hyperaktivitätsstörung mit einer Steigerung im Substanzkonsum zusammen? Eine prospektive Kohortenstudie junger Schweizer Männer 16.09.2015 Hamburg, Germany Gmel Gerhard;
The 14th biannual congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Poster Drinking motives as mediators of the association between reinforcement sensitivity and alcohol use 08.09.2015 Genf, Switzerland Studer Joseph; Gmel Gerhard;
The European Congress for Social Psychiatry Poster The benefits of online questionnaires to prevent from attrition in longitudinal surveys: the example of the Swiss cohort on substance use risk factors (C-SURF) 01.07.2015 Genf, Switzerland Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Gmel Gerhard;
The 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism Talk given at a conference Are young men who overestimate drinking by others more likely to respond to an electronic normative feedback intervention? 20.06.2015 San Antonio, United States of America Gmel Gerhard; Daeppen Jean-Bernard;
The 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) Talk given at a conference Motivational interviewing technical and relational skills, change talk, and alcohol outcomes – a moderated mediation analysis 20.06.2015 San Antonio, United States of America Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
The 41st Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference Substance use in Swiss young men: The interplay of perceived social support and personality 01.06.2015 München, Germany Gmel Gerhard; Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Studer Joseph;
The 13th International Conference on Treatment of Addictive Behaviors (ICTAB-13) Poster Motivational interviewing technical and relational skills, change talk, and alcohol outcomes - a moderated mediation analysis 31.05.2015 Odense, Denmark Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
The International Congress on addictive disorders: Focus on behavioral addictions Poster Patterns of gambling activities in a sample of Swiss young men: Associations with gambling and substance use outcomes, personality traits and coping strategies 16.04.2015 Nantes, France Studer Joseph; Gmel Gerhard; Daeppen Jean-Bernard;
The 23rd European Congress of Psychiatry Talk given at a conference Using severity-adjusted symptom scores suggests there is no dimensional structure underlying DSM-IV symptoms of depression 28.03.2015 Wien, Austria Estévez Natalia; Foster Simon; Gmel Gerhard; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
The 12th Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry - Mental Health Policy and Economics Research: Improving Access, Quality and Outcomes Talk given at a conference Examining effects of strong alcohol legislation on heavy alcohol use in young men: its interaction with personal risk factors 27.03.2015 Venice, Italy Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Foster Simon; Estévez Natalia; Gmel Gerhard;
7ème congrès francophone de médecine et spiritualité Talk given at a conference Religion et spiritualité dans le domaine des dépendances 18.10.2014 Lyon, France Gmel Gerhard;
IUMSP-Cycle de conférences "Représentativité des études en épidémiologie: de la théorie à la pratique" Talk given at a conference Validity, representativeness and response bias in substance use studies 07.10.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Gmel Gerhard;
Swiss Public Health Conference 2014 and 3. Network meeting Swiss Mental Health Talk given at a conference Does drinking location matter? Profiles of risky singe-occasion drinkers by drinking location and alcohol-related harm 21.08.2014 Olten, Switzerland Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Foster Simon; Gmel Gerhard;
Swiss Public Health Conference 2014 and 3. Network meeting Swiss Mental Health Talk given at a conference Temporal patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related accidents in young Swiss men suggest targeted enforcement of prevention 21.08.2014 Olten, Switzerland Gmel Gerhard; Foster Simon; Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
Swiss Public Health Conference 2014 and 3. Network meeting Swiss Mental Health Talk given at a conference Cannabis use over brief follow-up among Swiss young men 21.08.2014 Olten, Switzerland Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Gmel Gerhard;
Swiss Public Health Conference 2014 and 3. Network meeting Swiss Mental Health Talk given at a conference Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its association with substance use and substance use disorders in young men 21.08.2014 Olten, Switzerland Foster Simon; Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Gmel Gerhard;
The 12th scientific meeting of the Swiss Society of Psychiatry Epidemiology Talk given at a conference Parental monitoring, parental attitudes, and level of response to alcohol in young Swiss men: Level of response constrains parenting 27.06.2014 Prilly, Switzerland Foster Simon;
The 12th scientific meeting of the Swiss Society of Psychiatry Epidemiology Talk given at a conference Comparing alcohol use disorder using DSM-IV versus DSM-5 classification criteria among young men 27.06.2014 Prilly, Switzerland Mohler-Kuo Meichun;
37th Annual RSA Scientific Meeting and 17th Congress of ISBRA Talk given at a conference Self-rating of the effects of alcohol (SRE) and alcohol use in young men 21.06.2014 Bellevue, Washington, United States of America Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
The 37th Annual RSA Scientific Meeting and 17th Congress of ISBRA Talk given at a conference Internet-based alcohol brief intervention for young men in the general population 21.06.2014 Bellevue, United States of America Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
The 37th Annual RSA Scientific Meeting and 17th Congress of ISBRA Talk given at a conference Socio-economic status and substance use among young men 21.06.2014 Bellevue, United States of America Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph; Daeppen Jean-Bernard;
The 37th Annual RSA Scientific Meeting and 17th Congress of ISBRA Talk given at a conference The alcohol purchase task in young men from the general population 21.06.2014 Bellevue, United States of America Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard;
The 40th Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference Prediction of drinking motives on drinking behaviors among young men over time: a full cross-lagged panel study 09.06.2014 Turin, Italy Gmel Gerhard;
The 40th Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference Social roles among recruits in Switzerland: Do social roles relate to alcohol and does role change have an impact? 09.06.2014 Turin, Italy Gmel Gerhard;
The 42nd Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference Depression, Alcohol use and Coping Drinking Motives: Examining Various Pathways Related to Suicide Attempt Among Young Men 30.05.2014 Stockholm, Sweden Grazioli Véronique; Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Daeppen Jean-Bernard; Gmel Gerhard; Studer Joseph;
The 17th meeting of the Section of Epidemiology and Social Psychiatry of the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) Talk given at a conference Substance Use in Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) 23.05.2014 Ulm, Germany Mohler-Kuo Meichun; Estévez Natalia;
26th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Talk given at a conference Personality characteristics and coping strategies of different types of gamblers 22.05.2014 San Francisco, United States of America Studer Joseph; Gmel Gerhard;
Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine Talk given at a conference C-SURF - a cohort study on substance use risk factors in Switzerland: opportunities and challenges for future research 15.05.2014 Bern, Switzerland Gmel Gerhard;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Dank Snus weniger rauchen - Lausanner Studie ohne Aussagekraft MarktScreener German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Fumer moins, grâce au snus - L'étude de Lausanne manque de fiabilité Romandie Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Keine «gesündere Alternative»: Snus verleitet junge Schweizer zum Rauchen Watson German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Le tabac à priser et le snus n’empêchent pas de fumer La Côte Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Le tabac à priser et le snus n'empêchent pas de fumer RJB Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media L'effet contraire du tabac à priser Agefi Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Pas d'effet positif du tabac à priser et du snus sur les fumeurs Le Nouvelliste Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Pure il tabacco da fiuto nuoce RSI News Italian-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Schnupftabak und Snus verleiten junge Schweizer zum Rauchen Aargauer Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Schnupftabak und Snus verleiten Junge zum Rauchen Blick German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Schnupftabak und Snus verleiten zum Rauchen Liewo German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Schnupftabak verleitet zum Rauchen Schweizer Bauer German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Snus ist kein Ersatz fürs Rauchen Radio32 German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Snus und Schnupf halten nicht vom Rauchen ab tele1 German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Tabacco da fiuto e "snus" non riducono la dipendenza tio Italian-speaking Switzerland 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Von wegen «gesündere Alternative zur Zigarette»: Schnupftabak und Snus verleiten Junge zum Rauchen News City DE International 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Weniger Raucher wegen Snus? Im Gegenteil Tagesanzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Another big well-done study shows e-cigarette use associated with more progression to smoking and le Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Are longitudinal studies an effective way of damping the ongoing debate on vaping? PGVG Magazine International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Campagne politique sous couvert de la science Agefi Western Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Dénonciation de la campagne d’influence politique contre le vapotage menée sous le couvert de la sci Helvetic Vape.ch Western Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) FDA not approved : La critique que Swiss Medical Weekly ne publiera pas vapolitique.blogspot.com Western Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Réponse du Pr Gmel et al. à ma critique: «Quand les lobbyistes de la vape font mauvaise science» Vapolitique Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Sortir de l’alcoolisme est possible mais demande du temps Le Matin Western Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Study that Purports to Show Vaping Causes Smoking Initiation and Impedes Cessation is a Complete Sha The Rest of the Story: Tobacco and Alcohol News Analysis and Commentary International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media When federal science is muffling harm reduction by vaping Swiss Medical Weekly International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media When vaping lobbyists get science wrong – reply to Poirson Swiss Medical Weekly International 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
173418 Alcohol dependence: comparison of alcohol use disorder with heavy use over time in a general population sample of young Swiss men 01.09.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
139467 Cohort study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) 01.03.2013 Cohort Studies Large
177519 Cohort study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) 01.04.2018 Cohort Studies Large
122679 Cohort study on substance use risk factors (C-SURF) 01.03.2010 Cohort Studies Large
135538 Electronic screening and brief intervention (E-SBI) for young adults: a randomized controlled trial 01.11.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Adolescent and young adult substance use remains one of Europe's most entrenched and costly health problems, despite considerable expenditures on alcohol and drug education and prevention programs. It is the leading cause of adolescent and young adult mortality worldwide. Alcohol and illicit drug use at young ages is associated with various high-risk behaviors such as violence, injuries, suicide, depressive disorders, school dropouts and risky sexual behavior; it is a strong predictor of later adult substance abuse and dependence, and is more prevalent among males in almost all societies.Adolescent substance use in Switzerland is among the highest of the European countries. Few longitudinal studies have addressed the critical phase between late teen years and early adulthood, as does the current proposal, and most studies come from North America with a completely different socio-cultural background than Switzerland. Behaviors like substance use result from the interaction and interdependence of behavioral, personal, and environmental factors. Environmental and familial factors motivate and reinforce behaviors while personal factors alter the way individuals perceive and respond to the environment.The study analyses protective and detrimental factors of substance use, which will lead to design specific preventive actions adequate in the Swiss context. The study therefore has the following main aims: 1. To estimate the prevalence and trend of substance use and related consequences among young adults in Switzerland using a sample (quasi-census) of 6000 Swiss 19 year-old men at baseline. In addition, the prevalence among subpopulations (e.g., socioeconomic status or neighborhood characteristics, etc.) are compared. 2. To characterize patterns of substance use and changes over time among young adults. In particular, individual trajectories are modeled and factors associated with onset,intake and abstinence are examined. 3. To identify risk and protective factors associated with young adult substance use in the multi-level context of individual, family and societal/environmental levels guided by a developmental social context model. The present cohort study is designed to assess the substance use patterns and related consequences in 19 year-old men following mandatory army recruitment procedures (around 98% of the male population of this age) and to follow them up into emerging adulthood over a period of possibly at least 10 years. Cohort participants have been enlisted during the year 2010 and 2011 in three centers responsible for processing all francophone Swiss men and all germanphone Swiss men in the cantons of Bern, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Solothurn, Aargau, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Uri, St. Gallen, Appenzell A.-Rh., Appenzell I.-Rh., Glarus, Graubünden und Schwyz (representing 21 of 26 cantons in total).Since recruitment procedures are mandatory, the present study is representative of 19 year-old men in Switzerland.The present application seeks for maintenance of the cohort and the preparation of the 2nd follow-up over the following two years (April 2014 - March 2016). Baseline data and first follow-up (90% completion) after 15 months have been collected. The application then seeks for funding of a second follow-up at the age of 25-26 (April 2016-March 2018). In the long-term a third follow-up around the age of 30 years is forseen. In summary, the main research purpose is to examine the development of substance use and related consequences, from the late teens to young adulthood within a multi-level context of individual-family-environment interaction.
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