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IWAGO - Integrated water governance with adaptive capacity in Switzerland

English title IWAGO - Integrated water governance with adaptive capacity in Switzerland
Applicant Truffer Bernhard
Number 125896
Funding scheme NRP 61 Sustainable Water Management
Research institution Cirus, Sozialwissenschaftliche Abteilung Eawag Forschungsbereich der ETH
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology - EAWAG
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.01.2010 - 31.12.2012
Approved amount 900'000.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Political science
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology

Keywords (20)

sustainable water management; integrated water resource management (IWRM); cross-scale and cross-level integration; integrated water governance; water protection; organizational learning; water supply; interdisciplinary research; cross-country comparison; integrated water resource management (IWRM); adaptive capacity; protection from water; stakeholder dialogue; water uses; policy instrument; wastewater treatment; Switzerland; trans-disciplinary approach; water basin; concept of scale

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Auf dem Weg zu einer integrativen Wasserpolitik Wasser ist einer der wertvollsten Rohstoffe, den unsere Umwelt bereitstellt. Der Mensch erschliesst das Wasser, verteilt und reinigt es und muss Überschwemmungen abwehren. Die nachhaltige Nutzung von Wasser als einer vorrangigen Aufgabe von Politik und Gesellschaft stösst aber auf sehr divergierende Interessen, die optimiert werden müssen.
Lay summary
Hintergrund
Aktuelle und zukünftige Ansprüche an das Wasser, aber auch Veränderungen in der Umwelt können zu Problemen führen. Es gilt gesellschaftlichen Bedarf, ökologische Ansprüche und Sicherung von Ressourcen im Gleichgewicht zu halten. Diese Herausforderungen nehmen unterschiedliche Institutionen wahr, welche verschiedenen Zielsetzungen und Regeln folgen. Somit besteht Bedarf für eine verbesserte Zusammenarbeit und Vernetzung über die Wassersektoren wie Versorgung, Entsorgung, Gewässerschutz, Wasserkraftgewinnung, und Schutz vor Hochwasser hinweg. Für einen nachhaltigen Umgang mit Wasser ist eine integrative Herangehensweise angezeigt, welche die verschiedenen Akteure vereinigt und gemeinsames Lernen ermöglicht.

Ziel
Das Projekt untersucht, wie eine integrative Schweizer Wasserpolitik aussehen könnte. Es wird beurteilt, wie die Wassersektoren zusammenarbeiten und wie sie in geeigneter Weise gesteuert werden können. Dabei werden folgende Aspekte berücksichtigt, die für die Sektoren Wassernutzung, Gewässerschutz und Schutz vor Hochwasser wichtig sind: Geographischer Raum, rechtliche Zuständigkeiten, politische Kompetenzen, Organisationsstrukturen und das Management dieser Sektoren. Die Institutionen und Akteure werden mit Workshops und Fokusgruppen in die Forschung einbezogen. Zudem werden Strategien und Instrumente vorgeschlagen, die geeignet sind, den Übergang von einer sektoriellen zu einer integrativen Wasserpolitik zu unterstützen.

Bedeutung
Das Projekt fördert eine verstärkte Zusammenarbeit und die Koordination zwischen den Wassersektoren, indem es die relevanten Akteure in die Forschung einbezieht. Im Dialog mit Vertreterinnen und Vertretern der Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften, der Behörden und Verbänden sowie Umwelt- und Konsumentengruppen werden Konzepte für eine verbesserte Zusammenarbeit im Wassermanagement und Leitlinien für deren Umsetzung gemeinsam entwickelt.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.02.2013

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Vers une politique intégrative de l’eau L’eau est une des ressources les plus précieuses que met à disposition notre environnement. L’homme exploite l’eau, la distribue et la purifie. Il doit également combattre les inondations. La gestion durable de l’eau, en tant que tâche prioritaire de la politique et de la société, se heurte à des intérêts fortement divergents qu’il s’agit d’optimiser.
Lay summary
Contexte
Les exigences actuelles et futures envers l’eau ainsi que les changements environnementaux peuvent conduire à des problèmes. Il s’agit de maintenir l’équilibre entre les besoins de la société, les exigences écologiques et la garantie des ressources. Ces défis ont été reconnus par diverses institutions poursuivant des objectifs variés et obéissant à des règles différentes. De ce fait, il est nécessaire d’améliorer la collaboration et la mise en réseau des différents secteurs de l’eau, tels que l’approvisionnement, l’élimination des eaux usées, la protection des eaux et la protection contre les crues. Une utilisation durable de l’eau nécessite une approche intégrative, réunissant les divers acteurs et rendant possible un apprentissage commun.

But
Le projet s’intéresse à ce que pourrait être une future politique intégrative de l’eau en Suisse. Il détermine des possibilités de collaboration entre les secteurs de l’eau, et la manière dont ces secteurs pourraient être dirigés. Il prendra en considération les aspects suivants, qui se révèlent importants pour les secteurs de gestion de l’eau, de protection des eaux et de protection contre les crues: le territoire géographique, les compétences juridiques et politiques, les structures des organisations et la gestion de ces secteurs. Les institutions et les acteurs sont intégrés dans la recherche à l’aide d’ateliers et de groupes de discussion. Des stratégies et des instruments pouvant servir à soutenir la transition d’une politique de l’eau sectorielle à une politique intégrative seront également proposées.

Portée
Le projet encourage une collaboration intensifiée et la coordination entre les secteurs de l’eau, en intégrant les acteurs appropriés dans la recherche. Des concepts pour une collaboration améliorée dans la gestion de l’eau ainsi que des directives pour la mise en pratique seront développés conjointement avec des représentants des sciences naturelles et des sciences de l’ingénierie, des autorités et des associations, ainsi que des associations de consommateurs et de protection de l’environnement.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.02.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Towards integrative water governance Water is one of the most valuable natural resources provided by our environment. Man exploits water, distributes and treats it and has to avert floods. Sustainable water management, in terms of a task of prime importance in politics and society, attracts widely diverging interests that need to be optimized.
Lay summary
 
Background
Current and future demands on water, but also changes in the environment can lead to problems. It is important to maintain a proper balance between society’s needs, the ecological demands and the securing of resources. Different institutions driven by different objectives and rules have taken up this challenge. Thus, there is a need for improved cooperation and networking in water sectors such as supply, disposal, prevention of water pollution, power production and flood protection. An integrative approach, including the different players and allowing for collective learning, is necessary for sustainable water management.

Objectives and methods
The project examines what an integrative Swiss water policy might look like. It assesses how water sectors can collaborate and how they can be suitably steered. The following aspects, which are important for the water management, prevention of water pollution and flood protection sectors, will be taken into account: geographic area, legal and political competences, organizational structures and the management of these sectors. Institutions and stakeholders will be involved in the research by means of workshops and focus groups. Strategies and instruments suitable for the support of the transition from a sectorial to an integrative water policy will also be suggested.

Significance
The project promotes an intensified collaboration and coordination between water sectors, by involving the relevant players in the research. Concepts for improved collaboration in water management as well as implementation guidelines will be elaborated together with representatives of the life and engineering sciences, of the authorities and associations and of environmental and consumer groups

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Auf dem Weg zu einem integrierten Wassermanagement: Schweizer IWM-Beispiele
Chaix Olivier et al., Auf dem Weg zu einem integrierten Wassermanagement: Schweizer IWM-Beispiele, IWAGO Projektbericht, Bonnard et Gardel, Bern.
Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierten Wasserpolitik - Politikinstrumente von Bund und Kantonen
Zysset Andreas et al., Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierten Wasserpolitik - Politikinstrumente von Bund und Kantonen, IWAGO Projektbericht, Ernst Basler und Partner AG, Zürich.
Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierten Wasserwirtschaft
Patrick Scheuchzer Felix Walter, Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierten Wasserwirtschaft, galledia ag, Flawil, SG.
Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierteren Wasserpolitik in der Schweiz: Kantonale Koordinationsformen und -mechanismen
Balsiger Jörg et al., Auf dem Weg zu einer integrierteren Wasserpolitik in der Schweiz: Kantonale Koordinationsformen und -mechanismen, IWAGO Projektbericht, ETH Zürich.
Integriertes Wassermanagement (IWM): Übersicht und Typisierung von schweizerischen Fallbeispielen
Chaix Olivier et al., Integriertes Wassermanagement (IWM): Übersicht und Typisierung von schweizerischen Fallbeispielen, IWAGO Projektbericht, Bonnard et Gardel, Bern.
Integriertes Wassermanagement. Beispiele weisen den Weg. In: Umwelt Perspektiven, Nr. 2 – 2011, S. 28-31
Walter Felix Scheuchzer Patrick Whese Heiko Chaix Olivier, Integriertes Wassermanagement. Beispiele weisen den Weg. In: Umwelt Perspektiven, Nr. 2 – 2011, S. 28-31, Umweltperspektiven, Schweiz.
Partizipation sollte frühzeitig bedacht und umsichtig eingesetzt werden
Truffer Bernhard, Scheuchzer Patrick, Walter Felix, Partizipation sollte frühzeitig bedacht und umsichtig eingesetzt werden, aqua and gas, Zürich.
Sustainability principles put into practice: case studies of network analysis in Swiss climate change adaptation
Ingold Karin, Balsiger Jörg, Sustainability principles put into practice: case studies of network analysis in Swiss climate change adaptation, in Regional Environmental Change, 1-10.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Wasser Agenda 21 Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Département de Géographie et environnement, Université de Genève Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Beatrice Mosello) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Institut des Sciences de l'environnement, Université de Genève (Margot Hill) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
BAFU Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Arc Alpin Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Interdisciplinarité (Cours d'introduction du Master en Sciences de l'environnement, Université de Genève) Individual talk Réaliser l'interdisciplinarité dans un Programme national de recherche sur l'eau: Le projet IWAGO 17.09.2013 Instut des Sciences de l'environnement, Université de Genève, Switzerland Balsiger Jörg;
European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011 Talk given at a conference IWAGO integrated water governance 03.04.2011 Wien, Austria Balsiger Jörg;
Conference of the Global Catchment Initiative (GCI) 2010 Talk given at a conference Intergrated Water governance 06.12.2010 Bonn, Germany Chaix Olivier; Scheuchzer Patrick; Walter Felix;
Scaling and Governance Conference 2010, Towards a New Knowledge for Scale Sensitive Governance of Complex Systems Talk given at a conference Integrated Water Governance as Cross-Scale Coordination: Some Conceptual Considerations and Empirical Experiences in the Framework of a Swiss Research Project 10.11.2010 Wageningen, Netherlands Klinke Andreas; Balsiger Jörg;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Asia Water Week 2013 Talk 13.03.2014 Manila, Philippines Zysset Andreas;
WA21 Wassertrag 2013 Talk 22.03.2013 Bern, Switzerland Zysset Andreas;
Herausforderungen einer nachhaltigen Wasserwirtschaft Talk 14.09.2012 Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland Chaix Olivier; Truffer Bernhard; Walter Felix; Scheuchzer Patrick;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Regulatorenworkshop und 3. Fokusgruppe 10.05.2012 SNF premises, Bern, Switzerland
Expertenworkshop mit VerbandsvertrterInnen 26.10.2011 Dübendorf, Switzerland
2. Fokusgruppentreffen 08.03.2011 Bern, Switzerland
Expertenworkshop mit WissenschaftlerInnen 23.02.2011 Zürich, Switzerland
1. Fokusgruppentreffen 15.10.2010 Bern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Interview on IWAGO project aqua & gas German-speaking Switzerland 2013
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) IWAGO youtube video youtube Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2012

Abstract

Water fulfills diverse functions that influence interactions between natural and social systems. Due to the accelerating pace of existing, and the appearance of new pressures, the conflict potential in the interplay between societal demands, ecological integrity and resource security has increased, generating calls for more integrated water governance. In light of the uncertainties concerning global, regional and local environmental change, these calls have also suggested the need for greater attention to adaptive capacity. Despite some successes, Switzerland’s current water management systems are not yet qualified enough for coping with future challenges through the integration of water use, water protection and protection from water. There is a need for enhancing coordination and integration across water-related scales including sectors such as water supply, wastewater treatment and hydropower generation; key water policies and programs are institutionally separated; and management units are highly fragmented. To address these shortcomings, the project’s goals are to (1) elaborate adequate forms of integrated water governance with adaptive capacity for Switzerland with a special focus on integrated water resource management (IWRM) and (2) assess alternative strategies, methods and instruments for a sustainable transition. To this end, an interdisciplinary research team consisting of Eawag, ETH, Ecoplan, Ernst Basler & Partner, BG Consulting Engineers, University of Berne, and the Technical University of Munich will collaborate with public and private actors in the development of a conceptual architecture for integrated water governance with adaptive capacity and guidelines for IWRM by combining a comparative analysis of the Swiss water sector and lessons from other countries with a trans-disciplinary stakeholder process. The central research question is the following:What are appropriate forms, structures, processes, and instruments of integrated water governance with adaptive capacity in Switzerland, in particular with respect to IWRM?How and under what conditions can the transition toward integrated water governance with adaptive capacity be fostered and realized?To tackle the problems raised in the central research question, the proposed project will address four overall objectives:• The project investigates the existing configuration of Swiss water governance and representative examples of IWRM by means of an analytical framework based on the concept of scale (as set out in 1.3.2) with regard to the degree and quality of integration and adaptive capacity. For this purpose, the strengths as well as the legislative, regulatory, implementation, and institutional deficits and gaps in the integration of water use, water protection and protection from water are identified and evaluated. The analysis of strengths and weaknesses allows scrutinizing where and how the integration of water governance can be improved.• The project examines and compares experiences in a representative sample of countries with innovative and integrated water governance by means of the analytical framework based on the scale concept (as set out in 1.3.2) in order to highlight possible lessons for Switzerland.• Based on the knowledge and insights ascertained in the first two objectives, the project conceptualizes a feasible and implementable architecture of integrated water governance with adaptive capacity, as well as a transition process towards this goal, through a stakeholder dialogue. • The project formulates policy recommendations on the architecture of integrated water governance with adaptive capacity and develops practical guidance for the configuration and implementation of IWRM.The project’s innovative scientific promise lies in its focus on ‘scale’ as an interdisciplinary analytical concept. Scale plays a key role within and across natural and social systems, particularly with respect to water, where scales such as space, jurisdiction, policy instruments, political authority, organization, management, and policy sectors are crucial dimensions for analyzing water governance dynamics. Cross-scale coordination is important for integrated water governance, the development of adaptive capacity through organizational learning and the institutionalization of new spatial referents such as river basins and/or watersheds, all of which represent new challenges for Switzerland. The project’s methodological innovation consists in promoting knowledge transfer across the science-policy-stakeholder interface through the alignment of interdisciplinary research and a trans-disciplinary process.The project’s practical goal of promoting integrated water governance with adaptive capacity and the configuration and implementation of IWRM is to be achieved via five work packages (WP). WP 1 synthesizes the conceptual foundations of integrated water governance and IWRM and derives lessons for Switzerland from a comparative analysis of international best practices. WP 2 evaluates Switzerland’s current water governance systems with a focus on cross-scale interaction and gaps in adaptive capacity as well as experiences with IWRM approaches. WP 3 merges the analytical-conceptual ideas (WP 1) and the empirical findings (WP 2) to conceptualize a preliminary model of the architecture for integrated water governance with adaptive capacity in Switzerland with a special focus on IWRM, which serves as input for a stakeholder dialogue. WP 4 arranges a stakeholder dialogue of three workshops (natural sciences and engineering; regulators and associations; environmental and consumer groups) and three focus groups with practitioners from cantons and IWRM approaches. WP 5 summarizes and condenses the views and opinions of the stakeholders in order to complement the theoretical and empirical results of WP1 and WP2 and serve to finalize the components and modules of a conceptual architecture for integrated water governance, including concrete proposals for a transition process and guidance for water policy makers at national, cantonal and local levels as well as practical guidelines for the implementation of IWRM for water managers.
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