Project

Back to overview

Testing a Multi-Disciplinary Approach to an Unexplored Body of Literature: The Case of Cartesian Dictations

Applicant Strazzoni Andrea
Number 190670
Funding scheme Spark
Research institution Forschungszentrum Gotha Universität Erfurt
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.02.2020 - 31.01.2021
Approved amount 99'762.00
Show all

Keywords (6)

history of early modern philosophy; Cartesianism; handwritten sources; marginalia; commentaries; lecture notes

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Eine Rekonstruktion der Rezeption der Ideen von René Descartes durch das Studium vergessener handschriftlicher Quellen
Lay summary

Der Name René Descartes (1596-1650) wird gewöhnlich mit der philosophischen und wissenschaftlichen Revolution des 17. Jahrhunderts verbunden. Mit seinen Meditationen über die erste Philosophie (1641), Prinzipien der Philosophie (1644) und weiteren wegweisenden Texten spielte Descartes eine entscheidende Rolle beim Abbau des aristotelischen Paradigmas in der Philosophie, gegen den er eine mechanistische Theorie der Natur und eine dualistische Konzeption des Menschen vorschlug. Die Art und Weise, wie seine Theorien verbreitet und diskutiert wurden, muss jedoch noch vollständig geklärt werden, weil Historiker in ihren Forschungen bisher gedruckte Quellen bevorzugt haben. Im Gegenteil werden in diesem Projekt die handschriftlichen Quellen untersucht, welche die Rezeption der Ideen von Descartes in Europa belegen. Diese Quellen beinhalten Randnotizen zu Druckexemplaren der Werke Descartes’, Kommentare und Vorlesungsnotizen: Quellen, die größtenteils noch lokalisiert und katalogisiert werden müssen. Durch die Identifizierung, Transkription und Untersuchung dieser Quellen wird dieses Projekt ein Korpus beleuchten, das ein tieferes Verständnis unserer philosophischen Vergangenheit in substanzieller Weise vermitteln kann.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.12.2019

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Une reconstruction de la réception des idées de René Descartes à travers l'étude des sources écrites oubliées
Lay summary

Le nom de René Descartes (1596-1650) est généralement associé à la révolution philosophique et scientifique du XVIIe siècle. Par ses Méditations métaphysiques (1641), Principes de philosophie (1644) et autres textes fondamentaux, Descartes a contribué de manière fondamentale au démantèlement du paradigme aristotélicien, en lui opposant une vision mécaniste de la nature et une conception dualiste de l'homme. Cependant, les modalités par lesquels ses théories ont été diffusées et discutées doivent encore être pleinement enquêtées: une conséquence du fait que les historiens ont jusqu'à présent privilégié les sources imprimées comme objet de leurs recherches. Per per d’autre parte, ce projet examinera les sources manuscrites attestant la réception des idées de Descartes en Europe. Ces sources comprennent des notes marginales sur les textes cartésiens imprimés, des commentaires et des notes de cours: des documents qui, pour la plupart, doivent encore être localisés et catalogués. À travers l'identification, la transcription et l'étude de ce type de sources, ce projet mettra en lumière un corpus susceptible d'offrir une compréhension substantiellement plus profonde de notre passé philosophique.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.12.2019

Lay Summary (Italian)

Lead
Una ricostruzione della ricezione delle idee di René Descartes attraverso lo studio di fonti manoscritte dimenticate
Lay summary

Il nome di René Descartes (1596-1650) è solitamente associato alla rivoluzione filosofico-scientifica del diciassettesimo secolo. Con le sue Meditazioni metafisiche (1641), i Principi di filosofia (1644) e altri testi fondamentali, Descartes contribuì in modo fondamentale allo smantellamento del paradigma aristotelico, opponendo ad esso una visione meccanicistica della natura e una concezione dualistica dell'uomo. Tuttavia, le modalità con cui le sue teorie vennero diffuse e discusse devono ancora essere pienamente accertate: conseguenza del fatto che gli storici hanno finora privilegiato le fonti a stampa quale soggetto delle loro indagini. Di contro, questo progetto prenderà in esame quelle fonti manoscritte attestanti la ricezione delle idee di Descartes in Europa. Tali fonti includono note a margine di testi a stampa cartesiani, commenti e appunti di lezioni: documenti che per la maggior parte devono ancora essere localizzati e catalogati. Attraverso l'individuazione, la trascrizione e lo studio di questo tipo di fonti, questo progetto getterà luce su un corpus in grado di offrire una comprensione sostanzialmente più profonda del nostro passato filosofico.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.12.2019

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
A reconstruction of the reception of the ideas of René Descartes through the analysis of forgotten handwritten sources
Lay summary

The name of René Descartes (1596–1650) is usually associated with the philosophical and scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. With his Meditations on First Philosophy (1641), Principles of Philosophy (1644) and other seminal texts, Descartes had a crucial role in dismantling the Aristotelian paradigm in philosophy, by opposing to it a mechanistic view of nature and a dualist theory of man. However, the ways in which his theories were disseminated and discussed are still to be fully ascertained, insofar as historians have so far privileged printed sources in their investigations. This project, on the other hand, will focus on handwritten documents testifying the reception of Descartes’s ideas in Europe. These sources include marginal notes to Cartesian printed texts, commentaries, and lecture notes, most of which still have to be retrieved and catalogued. By locating forgotten sources, providing an edition of a selection of them, and analysing their contents, this project is expected to shed light on a body of literature capable of deepening the comprehension of our philosophical past in a substantial way.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.12.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Vide Spinozam, or Burchard de Volder between Cartesianism and Heterodoxy
Strazzoni Andrea (2020), Vide Spinozam, or Burchard de Volder between Cartesianism and Heterodoxy, in Church History and Religious Culture, 100(2-3), 272-286.
A Letter of Peter Hartzing to Gerhard Wolter Molanus
StrazzoniAndrea (2020), A Letter of Peter Hartzing to Gerhard Wolter Molanus, in Noctua – La tradizione filosofica dall'antico al moderno, 7(1), 158-181.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Medicine in the Philosophy of Descartes. Lights & Shadows Talk given at a conference The First Teaching of Cartesianism at Utrecht: The Lost Academic Dictations of Henricus Regius 19.11.2020 Pisa, Italy Strazzoni Andrea;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media What is Cartesianism? Website Philosophie.ch International Western Switzerland 2021

Abstract

The project aims at three overall gains: 1) to shed new light on the ways philosophical and scientific knowledge was produced and disseminated in the early modern age; 2) to refine our views on the relations of printed and handwritten texts; 3) to reconsider the reception of Descartes. It does so by pursuing a main objective, namely to provide a systematic assessment of the ways Cartesian philosophy and science were taught and evolved in academic handwritten sources (viz. dictated commentaries and notes on Descartes's texts). This objective is pursued by three sub-goals: 1) localizing unretrieved handwritten sources; 2) providing their edition and textual mapping; 3) studying them from the standpoints of intellectual history and history of philosophy and science, in order to answer a main question: how do they challenge our views on early modern teaching practices and on the reception of Descartes?
-