Project

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The Swiss labour market in the digital transformation (SWISSLAB)

English title The Swiss labour market in the digital transformation (SWISSLAB)
Applicant Wunsch Conny
Number 187462
Funding scheme NRP 77 Digital Transformation
Research institution Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Economics
Start/End 01.05.2020 - 30.04.2024
Approved amount 552'928.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Economics
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Science of management

Keywords (14)

job design; randomized experiments; policy evaluation; labor demand profiles; university graduates; matching of labor supply and demand; causal analysis; further training and retaining; employment relationships; workplace organization; information treatments; job search strategies; design of study programs; human resource management

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Digitalisierung verursacht massive Veränderungen der Anforderungsprofile auf dem Ar-beitsmarkt. Ob dies zu Ungleichgewichten führt, hängt von der Reaktion des Arbeitsange-bots ab. Sie bietet zudem neue Möglichkeiten und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung von Beschäftigungsverhältnissen.
Lay summary
Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Wir dokumentieren, wie sich die Anforderungsprofile technologiebedingt verändern und untersuchen, wie Arbeitsangebot und -nachfrage darauf reagieren. Im Fokus stehen auf Fir-menseite Anpassungen bei Einstellungen, Fortbildungen und der Gestaltung von Beschäfti-gungsverhältnissen. Beim Arbeitsangebot fokussieren wir auf die Anpassungen von Beschäf-tigten, die Suchstrategien, Fortbildung und Umschulung von Arbeitslosen, sowie die Bil-dungs- und Berufswahl von neu in den Arbeitsmarkt eintretenden StudienabgängerInnen. Dabei gehen wir auch der Frage nach, wie gut das Studienangebot der Universitäten auf die sich ändernden Bedürfnisse des Arbeitsmarktes vorbereitet. Kern des Projekts ist die Erhe-bung umfangreicher Daten, die es erstmals ermöglichen all diese Fragen für die Schweiz zu beantworten.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Die Erkenntnisse aus dem Projekt ermöglichen es, den Qualifizierungsbedarf zu ermitteln, der für die Anpassung von Bildungsangeboten für Beschäftigte, arbeitsmarktlichen Mass-nahmen für Arbeitslose und Studienangeboten für Neueinsteiger in den Arbeitsmarkt not-wendig ist. Ausserdem erlauben sie, evidenzbasierte Empfehlungen für individuelle Bewälti-gungsstrategien sowie arbeitsmarkt- und unternehmenspolitische Massnahmen zur Anpas-sung an die digitale Transformation zu geben.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 30.01.2020

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Dr. Rodrigo C. G. Pena, Center for Data Analytics, University of Basel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Rectorate of the University of Basel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Dr. Jean Terrier Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Prof. Dr. Fabian Schär Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Schweizerischer Arbeitgeberverband Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Jean Golding Institute for Data-intensive Research of the University of Bristol Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Anja Matthiä Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
X28 AG Switzerland (Europe)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
swissstaffing Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Arbeitgeberverband Basel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Prof. Dr. Heiko Schuldt Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Gudrun Bachmann Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
169532 Consequences of the Demographic Change for the Swiss Labour Market 01.09.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The digital transformation causes substantial shifts in the tasks associated with specific jobs and the skills and competencies demanded by employers. The extent of possible disparities this will create on the labour market will crucially depend on how labour supply responds to these developments. Moreover, digitalisation disrupts entire management systems, creating both new opportunities, and challenges for the formation and design of employment relationships. In SWISSLAB, we investigate how the digital transformation changes employment relationships and the matching of labour supply and demand in Switzerland. The first step is to investigate how digitalisation changes job-specific tasks and the skills and competencies demanded by employers. This information will serve as input for studying how firms and workers respond to these changes. On the labour demand side, we analyse the policies firms take to accommodate their changing needs and the challenges created by digitalisation. Here, we study two dimensions of potential adjustments to the digital transformation. Firstly, we examine how firms adjust their labour demand in response to the implementation of digital technologies. Secondly, we explore how digitalisation affects employment relationships between firms and their employees. Specifically, we investigate how firms respond to digitalisation in terms of the composition of their workforce, their human resource management system (including hiring and training practices as well as pay for performance plans), and their work organisation (including the allocation of working tasks, decision-making authorities as well as cooperation requirements among co-workers). We also examine the impact of the use of digital technologies on firm and employee outcomes, such as firm performance, worker motivation and well-being. In this context, we additionally study how the different adjustment channels through which firms cope with digitalisation affect workers, firms and their outcomes. On the labour supply side, we study three dimensions of possible adjustments to the digital transformation. Firstly, we investigate how workers employed by Swiss firms adapt to changing requirements in their jobs, especially in terms of investments in new skills. Secondly, we study whether unemployed workers adjust their job search strategies towards the types of jobs with increasing demand and whether counselling services or participation in job search assistance and training programs help in the adjustment process. Thirdly, we study new labour market entrants. They play a particularly important role when labour demand changes substantially because they can tailor their educational and occupational choices to these changes. University graduates are of particular interest in this context, because it is very difficult for firms to influence students’ choices compared to, e.g. apprenticeships. We analyse if and how students’ choices respond to the changing needs of the labour market in terms of their educational and occupational choices, and how this affects their labour market outcomes after graduation. Moreover, we investigate how adjustments in the courses and study programs offered by universities can help to better prepare students for the changing needs of the labour market.
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