Project

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A future that works: Cobotics, digital skills and the re-humanization of the workplace (CODIMAN)

English title A future that works: Cobotics, digital skills and the re-humanization of the workplace (CODIMAN)
Applicant Dégallier Rochat Sarah
Number 187298
Funding scheme NRP 77 Digital Transformation
Research institution Berner Fachhochschule Technik und Informatik
Institution of higher education Berne University of Applied Sciences - BFH
Main discipline Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Start/End 01.05.2020 - 30.04.2024
Approved amount 633'644.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Social work

Keywords (5)

Cobotics; Empowerment; Digital skills; Work transformation; Industry 4.0

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les nouvelles technologies telles que la robotique collaborative et l’intelligence artificielle redéfinissent les interactions homme-machine dans le monde industriel. La manière dont ces technologies sont mises en pratique va influencer cette transformation et ses impacts sur le travailleur.
Lay summary

Description du projet 

Afin de mieux comprendre la transformation en cours, nous proposons une approche multi-disciplinaire combinant les sciences sociales, la robotique et l’informatique, centrée sur l’expérience du travailleur. Nous abordons les axes de recherches suivants. 

1. Comment est-ce que les technologies vont transformer le monde du travail ? Les compétences attendues des travailleurs vont-elles changer ? Comment va évoluer le rapport homme-machine ?

2. Peut-on optimiser la répartition des tâches entre l’homme et la machine afin de rendre le travail plus valorisant ? Comment transmettre un sentiment de contrôle sur la machine au travailleur ?

3. Comment utiliser les nouvelles technologies pour permettre de rendre plus naturelle et plus intuitive l’interaction avec la machine ? Quelle est l’intelligence machine nécessaire pour répondre aux besoins des travailleurs ?

Contexte

La transformation industrielle soulève beaucoup de questions quant à l’évolution des conditions de travail, en particulier pour les employés peu qualifiés. Si, par le passé, l’automatisation a été synonyme de déqualification, le robot collaboratif permet une redistribution des tâches entre l’homme et la machine. Le robot s’occupe des tâches procédurales, tandis que l’humain se charge des tâches nécessitant flexibilité, savoir-faire et/ou sens critique, permettant une revalorisation du travail.

Buts  

Des études de champs permettront une meilleure compréhension de l’impact des nouvelles formes d’interaction homme-machine sur la transformation des conditions de travail. Une interface homme-machine sera développée et continuellement testée en collaboration avec les travailleurs afin d’identifier les facteurs permettant de rendre l’interaction valorisante.  La programmation du robot sera rendue intuitive et flexible afin que le robot soit au service de l’humain plutôt que le contraire.

Signification

Ce projet permettra de collecter des observations sur l’introduction de nouvelles technologies pendant 4 ans et ainsi d’amener une meilleure compréhension des défis de la transformation actuelle du monde du travail. Des nouvelles solutions technologiques seront testées sur la base des besoins du travailleur. A travers ce travail, nous visons à la définition de lignes directrices permettant une intégration de la cobotique qui contribue à l’amélioration des conditions de travail.

 
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 23.01.2020

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Book Review: The robotic imaginary. The human & the price of dehumanized labor
Endrissat Nada (2021), Book Review: The robotic imaginary. The human & the price of dehumanized labor, in Management Learning, 52(2), 259-262.
Probabilistic Adaptive Control for Robust Behavior Imitation
Jankowski Julius, Girgin Hakan, Calinon Sylvain (2021), Probabilistic Adaptive Control for Robust Behavior Imitation, in IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 6(2), 1997-2004.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
IDIAP Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Universitäres Notfallzentrum Inselspital Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Workshop on Unlocking the potential of human-robot collaboration for industrial applications, ICRA'2021 Talk given at a conference Intuitive robot programming from few demonstrations 04.06.2021 Xi'an, China Calinon Sylvain;
Robotics Seminar Individual talk Robot learning from few demonstrations by exploiting the structure and geometry of data 27.05.2021 University of Leeds, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Calinon Sylvain;
Wisconsin Robotics Seminar Series (NASA University Leadership program) Individual talk Robot learning from few demonstrations by exploiting the structure and geometry of data 05.05.2021 University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States of America Calinon Sylvain;
Robotics Colloquium Individual talk Robot learning from few demonstrations by exploiting the structure and geometry of data 23.04.2021 University of Washington, United States of America Calinon Sylvain;
ILT Swiss Automation Talk given at a conference Inclusive HMIs for Flexible Cobotics 18.03.2021 Online , Switzerland Dégallier Rochat Sarah; Blanc Charly;
6. F&E Konferenz zu Industrie 4.0 von «Industrie 2025» Talk given at a conference Cobotics, digital skills and the re-humanization of the workspace, 03.02.2021 Online, Switzerland Blanc Charly; Dégallier Rochat Sarah;
Intl Workshop on Human-Friendly Robotics Talk given at a conference Robot learning from few demonstrations by exploiting the structure and geometry of data 22.10.2020 Innsbruck, Austria Calinon Sylvain;
36th EGOS Colloquium Talk given at a conference From Blue to White? Cobots and the Humanization of Blue-Collar Work 02.07.2020 Hambourg, Germany Dégallier Rochat Sarah; Endrissat Nada;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Debate Work 4.0 Workshop 24.10.2020 NMB, Bienne, Switzerland Endrissat Nada; Dégallier Rochat Sarah;
Biel/Bienne 4.0 Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 25.09.2020 NMB, Bienne , Switzerland Blanc Charly; Dégallier Rochat Sarah; Endrissat Nada;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Konverstion zu Unheimliches Tal, auawirleben Theaterfestival German-speaking Switzerland 2021
Talks/events/exhibitions Biel/Bienne 4.0 Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Denken Sie, Ihr Job könnte von einem Roboter übernommen werden? Reflektionen zum Live-Stream der Deb SocietyByte German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: radio, television Emission Talk Télébielingue Western Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Hello, Robots. Roboter in der neuen Arbeitswelt Das Kundenmagazin des Departements Wirtschaft Western Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Roboter ermöglichen uns 15-Stunden-Woche Work, die Zeitung der Gewerkschaft UNIA German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Schöne neue Arbeitswelt? Arbeiten im digitalen Zeitalter Spirit biel/bienne Western Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Zusammenfassung der Debatte Arbeit 4.0 : Schenken uns Roboter mehr Freizeit oder nehmen sie uns die NMB Museum Website German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2020

Abstract

The Swiss economy is known for its productivity, precision and expertise. However the comparatively high wages make it difficult for companies to stay worldwide competitive and avoid offshoring. The digitalization of work has the potential to help sustain and further improve the Swiss competitive advantages as well as strengthen their position in a global market.However, the implications of digitalization for work are not fully explored and give rise to contestation with respect to how labour in the future will look like and what competencies are needed in order to empower workers to take advantage of and participate in the digital transformation of work. This project will examine these questions by addressing factors that support the implementation and acceptance of new technologies with a particular focus on flexible automation and human-machine interactions.The project’s objectives are: a) to provide guidelines as to which digital skills are required by workers to make interactions with collaborative robotics empowering; and b) to provide insights into the necessary technical and educational tools for this empowerment to take place. Empirically, the project will employ a mixed-method approach consisting of interviews, non-participant observations and survey questionnaires as well as prototype testing. Besides guidelines for a successful implementation, the project will also deliver a platform for intuitive human-machine interaction that will provide a basis to acquire the necessary skills. To achieve these aims, the project is set up interdisciplinarily, combining expertise from computer sciences and engineering with social sciences. Building on research from those two strands, the project will make a significant and practical contribution to the advancement of a future of work that is not only more digital but also more humane.
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