Project

Back to overview

Complicity in the Global Marketplace

English title Complicity in the Global Marketplace
Applicant Goppel Anna
Number 172668
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Philosophie Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.06.2017 - 31.01.2021
Approved amount 421'300.00
Show all

Keywords (8)

moral responsibility; ethics; moral philosophy; market transactions; complicity; causal contribution; intentional participation; market relations

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Ziel dieses Projektes ist es, den Begriff der Marktkomplizenschaft zu klären und damit sowohl einen Beitrag zur Ethik des Marktes als auch zur generellen Auseinandersetzung um eine überzeugende Theorie von Komplizenschaft zu leisten.
Lay summary

Als Konsument_innen, Arbeitnehmer_innen und Aktionär_innen befinden wir uns in weltweiten Marktbeziehungen mit diversen anderen Akteur_innen. Einige dieser Akteur_innen begehen möglicherweise moralisches Unrecht. Werden wir zu Kompliz_innen in deren Unrecht, wenn wir ihnen etwas ab- oder verkaufen oder Kapital zur Verfügung stellen? Falls ja, unter welchen Bedingungen und in welchem Ausmass?

Trotz der offensichtlichen praktischen Relevanz von Fragen der Komplizenschaft in Märkten hat sich die Philosophie bisher kaum mit diesen Fragen befasst. Die vorherrschenden Analysen, die Komplizenschaft auf Basis intentionaler Beteiligung oder kausalem Beitrag bestimmen, bleiben bestenfalls vage in Bezug auf Markttransaktionen, und die angewandte Literatur zur Gerechtigkeit im globalen Markt nimmt oft eine rein institutionelle Perspektive ein und ist daher nur von begrenztem Nutzen für die Bewertung von Verantwortung individueller Marktteilnehmer_innen unter nicht-idealen Bedingungen. Ziel dieses Projektes ist es, diese Forschungslücke zu schliessen.

Durch die Klärung des Begriffs der Marktkomplizenschaft leistet das Projekt einen wertvollen Beitrag zur generellen Auseinandersetzung um eine überzeugende Theorie von Komplizenschaft und öffnet darüber hinaus eine dezidiert nicht-ideale und interaktionelle Perspektive auf die Ethik globaler Marktbeziehungen.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 30.05.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Zurich Doctoral Workshop "Complicity and Structural Injustice" Talk given at a conference Complicity and Structural Injustice 27.10.2020 University of Zurich, Switzerland Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy Individual talk Accomplices or resistant citizens. A proposal for political responsibility 12.02.2020 Free University Berlin, Germany Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy Individual talk The Wrongs Committed for Us 05.12.2019 University of Bern, Switzerland Cassee Andreas;
Complicity in Human Rights Violations Talk given at a conference Transacting with Human Rights Violators: Complicity in the Global Marketplace 03.09.2019 Dubrovnik, Croatia Cassee Andreas;
Complicity in Human Rights Violations Talk given at a conference Accomplices or Resistant Citizens: A Proposal for Political Complicity 02.09.2019 Dubrovnik, Croatia Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy Individual talk Accomplices or resistant citizens. Some thoughts about democratic complicity 21.03.2019 Bern, Switzerland Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium, Chair for Applied Ethics, Centre for Ethics at the University of Zurich Individual talk Accomplices or resistant citizens. Some thoughts about democratic complicity 07.03.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy Individual talk Enabling Others to Harm and Indirect Negative Rights 13.12.2018 Bern, Switzerland Cassee Andreas;
Research Colloquium Political Philosophy, Centre for Ethics at the University of Zurich Individual talk Accomplices or resistant citizens. Some thoughts about democratic complicity 12.12.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Goppel Anna;
Conference “Moral Complicity” Talk given at a conference Democratic Complicity 02.10.2018 Bern, Switzerland Goppel Anna;
Conference “Moral Complicity” Talk given at a conference Moral Complicity and Market Transactions 01.10.2018 Bern, Switzerland Cassee Andreas;
Workshop “Aktuelle Themen der praktischen Philosophie” Talk given at a conference Von Unrecht profitieren vs. Unrecht, das für uns verübt wird 31.08.2018 Ujué, Spain Cassee Andreas;
Working Group Political Philosophy Talk given at a conference Public Complicity 10.06.2018 Berlin, Germany Goppel Anna;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy Individual talk Moral Complicity and Market Transactions 24.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Cassee Andreas;
Research Colloquium Practical Philosophy, Free University Berlin Individual talk Moral Complicity and Market Transactions 07.05.2018 Berlin, Germany Cassee Andreas;
Conference “Justice and Markets” Talk given at a conference Moral Complicity and Market Transactions 08.01.2018 Aarhus, Denmark Cassee Andreas;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Complicity in Human Rights Violations 02.09.2019 Dubrovnik, Croatia
Moral Complicity 01.10.2018 Bern, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Meine Entscheidung, meine Verantwortung. Wofür wir geradestehen müssen. Panel discussion with Daniel Freitag and Nathalie Wappler, hosted by Catherine Newmark at Zürcher Philosophie Festival Talk 17.01.2020 Zurich, Switzerland Goppel Anna;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Schweizer Konzerne, globale Verantwortung? 10.10.2017 Bern, Switzerland

Abstract

As consumers, employees, and stockowners, we are engaged in market relations with various other agents worldwide. Some of these other agents may be committing moral wrongs. Are we complicit in their wrongdoing when we buy from them, sell to them, or provide them with capital, and if so, under what conditions and to what degree?Despite their obvious practical importance, questions surrounding market complicity have not yet received much attention from moral philosophers. The dominant analyses of moral complicity on the grounds of intentional participation and causal contribution are vague at best in their implications for market transactions. The more applied literature on justice in the global market, on the other hand, often takes an exclusively institutional perspective, thus being of limited utility in evaluating the responsibilities of individual market agents under non-ideal circumstances. The goal of this project is to fill this lacuna. Market transactions raise challenging questions for the analysis of moral complicity for a number of reasons. First, the market is a coordination mechanism that typically operates in the absence of commonly agreed upon goals. Second, market transactions often occur after the good in question has already been produced. Third, in perfect markets, no individual agent is able to influence prices. This project scrutinizes the difficulties that arise from these facts for traditional accounts of complicity, and considers novel routes to the analysis of market complicity, such as the idea that market transactions are accompanied by normative transactions of responsibility. It assesses the upper boundary above which market agents should be considered co-principal wrongdoers rather than accomplices, enquires into the role of graded complicity judgements in all-things-considered moral judgements about the permissibility of market transactions, and investigates relevant real-life cases regarding the global arms trade and labour rights violations in the fashion industry. By clarifying the notion of market complicity, the project makes a valuable contribution to the theory of moral complicity more generally, and opens up a decidedly non-ideal and interactional perspective on the ethics of global market relations.
-