pleasure; trying; action; effort; desert; agency; labor; value; fatigue; motivation; feeling; will; comparator model
Massin Olivier (2017), Towards a definition of efforts., in Motivation Science
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Massin Olivier, Tieffenbach Emma (2017), The Metaphysics of Economic Exchanges, in Journal of Social Ontology
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Massin Olivier (2017), Towards a definition of efforts, in Motivation Science
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Massin Olivier, De Vignemont Frédérique, "’Unless I put my hand into his side, I will not believe’ The Epistemic Privilege of Touch", in Gatzia Dimitria, Brogaard Brit (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York.
Massin Olivier, Brentanian Continua, in Brentano Studien
MassinOlivier, Realism's Kick, in Limbeck-Lilienau Christoph, Stadler Friedrich (ed.), de Gruyter, Berlin.
Massin Olivier, Suffering Pains, in Corns Jennifer, Brady Michael, Bain David (ed.), Routledge, London, 75-100.
Massin Olivier, Survenance et fondations morales, in Turmel Patrick, Lemaire Stéphane, Desmons Ophélie (ed.), Hermann, Paris.
We make efforts to lift heavy weights, to solve problems, to concentrate, to stop smoking, to climb mountains, to convince others, to understand obscure texts, to improve things around, to conceal one’s vices, to resist temptations, to gather information, etc. Not only do we make efforts, we also value efforts in various ways: we deem them unpleasant, praiseworthy, efficient, vain, irrational, tenacious, etc. Although efforts -individual and collective- are central concepts of our ordinary psychology and ordinary ethics, as well as of many sciences, virtually no attempt have been made so far to formulate a general theory of effort amenable to accommodate all varieties of efforts and to explain their values. The goal of this project is to remedy this deficiency by first, trying to identify what all the multifarious kinds of efforts have in common-the nature effort; and second, by elucidating the main values which accrue to efforts in virtue of their nature. What are efforts, and what are they worth?