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Establishing a soil monitoring network to assess the environmental exposure to PAHs and PCBs in the province of Mayabeque, Cuba (Soil-Q)

English title Establishing a soil monitoring network to assess the environmental exposure to PAHs and PCBs in the province of Mayabeque, Cuba (Soil-Q)
Applicant Bucheli Thomas
Number 147314
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART
Institution of higher education Research Institutes Agroscope - AGS
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2013 - 30.06.2017
Approved amount 529'739.00
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Keywords (5)

risk assessment; soil pollution; bioavailability; environmental exposure; persistent organic pollutants

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Kuba ist im gesellschaftlichen und ökonomischen Aufbruch. Eine solche Entwicklung geht häufig mit zunehmenden Schadstoff-Emissionen und Belastungen von Mensch und Umwelt einher. Böden stellen eine wichtige Senke für persistente organische Schadstoffe dar und vermögen diese Prozesse in Zeit und Raum abzubilden. Gegenstand dieses Projektes ist deshalb der Aufbau eines Bodenbeobachtungsnetzes mit Analyse von polyzyklischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und polychlorierten Biphenylen.
Lay summary

Das übergeordnete Ziel dieses Projekts ist der Aufbau eines Bodenbeobachtungsnetzes in vorerst einer Provinz in Kuba. Dabei können wir uns auf die jahrzehntelange Erfahrung der Schweizerischen nationalen Bodenbeobachtung (NABO) stützen. Basierend darauf werden den Kubanischen Partnern die Grundlagen der repräsentativen Probenahme, Probenaufbereitung und quantitativen organischen Spurenanalytik vermittelt. Nebst Totalgehalten werden dabei auch bioverfügbare Fraktionen bestimmt und deren beeinflussenden Variablen untersucht. Im Falle von Verschmutzung über die gängigen Grenzwerte hinaus kann die Exposition durch Einmischen von Aktivkohle oder der vielversprechenden Pflanzenkohle vermindert werden.

Die in diesem Projekt gewonnenen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse sind vielfältig und gesellschaftsrelevant. Durch wiederholte Beprobung und Analyse kann die Schadstoffbelastung über die Zeit verfolgt und mit der ökonomischen Entwicklung verglichen werden. Die räumliche Verteilung der Schadstoffe gibt Auskunft über deren hauptsächlichen Eintragspfade und ist die Grundlage für Gegenmassnahmen an den Quellen. Je nach Ausmass der Belastung können Nutzungsänderungen der Böden veranlasst oder deren Sanierung in Angriff genommen werden. Insgesamt wir dadurch das Risiko für Mensch und Umwelt durch Schadstoffexposition vermindert und die Lebensqualität in Kuba verbessert.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.10.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in urban and semi-urban soils of Havana, Cuba
Sosa Dayana, Hilber Isabel, Faure Roberto, Bartolomé Nora, Fonseca Osvaldo, Keller Armin, Bucheli Thomas D., Escobar Arturo (2019), Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in urban and semi-urban soils of Havana, Cuba, in Journal of Soils and Sediments, 19(3), 1328-1341.
Applying no-depletion equilibrium sampling and full-depletion bioaccessibility extraction to 35 historically polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soils
Bartolomé Nora, Hilber Isabel, Sosa Dayana, Schulin Rainer, Mayer Philipp, Bucheli Thomas D. (2018), Applying no-depletion equilibrium sampling and full-depletion bioaccessibility extraction to 35 historically polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soils, in Chemosphere, 199, 409-416.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba
Sosa Dayana, Hilber Isabel, Faure Roberto, Bartolomé Nora, Fonseca Osvaldo, Keller Armin, Schwab Peter, Escobar Arturo, Bucheli Thomas D. (2017), Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba, in Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24, 12860-12870.
The different faces of biochar: contamination risk versus remediation tool
Hilber I., Bastos A., Loureiro S., Soja G., Marsz A., Cornelissen G., Bucheli T.D. (2017), The different faces of biochar: contamination risk versus remediation tool, in J. Environ. Eng. Landsc., 25, 86-104.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Patryk Oleszczuk/University of Lublin Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Gerard Cornelissen/Norwegian Geotechnical Institute Norway (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Rainer Schulin/ETHZ Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Philipp Mayer/Aarhus University Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Mario Abo Balanza/CITMA Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Heike Knicker/IRNAS-CSIC, Sevilla Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Hans-Peter Schmidt (Delinat Institute) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Reto Meuli/NABO Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Yanetsi Garcia Bozada/CITMA Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Thilo Hofmann/University of Vienna Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Maricela Ramirez Delgado/ANAP Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
16th EuCheMS International conference on chemistry and the environment Poster Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba 18.06.2017 Oslo, Norway Bucheli Thomas;
16th EuCheMS International conference on chemistry and the environment Poster Assessement of heavy metals in soils of Mayabeque, Cuba 18.06.2017 Oslo, Norway Bucheli Thomas;
SETAC Europe, 27th annual meeting Talk given at a conference Bioavailability concentration of PAHs quantified with passive samplers in the same soil under ex situ, semi in situ and in situ conditions 07.05.2017 Brussels, Belgium Bucheli Thomas; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;
SETAC North America, 37th annual meeting Talk given at a conference Contaminant remediation: lessons learned from an ongoing field experiment with biochar to re-mediate a petroleum contaminated soil in Havana, Cuba 06.11.2016 Orlando, United States of America Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
SETAC Europe, 26th annual meeting Poster Heavy metal assessment in agricultural soils contributes to a sustainable information of the public regarding soil quality in a developing country 22.05.2016 Nantes, France Bucheli Thomas; Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo; Hilber Schoeb Isabel;
SETAC Europe, 26th annual meeting Poster Equilibrium sampling in a semi in situ pot experiment to measure freely dissolved concentrations of hydrophobic organic compounds 22.05.2016 Nantes, France Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Bucheli Thomas; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora; Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
SETAC Europe, 26th annual meeting Poster Regular information of stakeholders and policymakers about a soil monitoring of persistent or-ganic pollutants in Cuba 22.05.2016 Nantes, France Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo; Bucheli Thomas; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;
SISA, II Seminario Internacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria Talk given at a conference Exposición ambiental a los hidrocarburos policíclicos aromaticos (PAHs), bifenilos policlorados (PCBs) y metals pesados en los suelos agropecuarios de la provincial de Mayabeque, Cuba 18.05.2015 Matanzas, Cuba Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
SETAC Europe, 24th annual meeting Poster Quantifying bioavailable fractions of PAHs in the Swiss Soil Monitoring Network 10.05.2015 Basel, Switzerland Bucheli Thomas; Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;
SETAC Europe, 25th annual meeting Poster Relating Bioavailability Parameters to the Sorbent Characteristics of PAH Polluted Soils 03.05.2015 Barcelona, Spain Bucheli Thomas; Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;
SETAC Europe, 25th annual meeting Poster On the challenge to assess the exposure of organic contaminants in matrices with high partition coefficients 03.05.2015 Barcelona, Spain Bucheli Thomas; Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;
XII Taller regional Potencial científivo de la FAR Talk given at a conference Contaminación ambiental. Empleo de tecnología analítica para su vigilancia, con énfasis en hidrocarburos policíclicos aromáticos, bifenilos policlorados y metales pesados 26.03.2015 Mayabeque, Cuba Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
COST Action TD1107: 3rd European Biochar Summer School Talk given at a conference The Janus face of pyrogenic carbon regarding the distribution and availability of organic pollutants 01.03.2015 Sevilla, Spain Bucheli Thomas;
COST Action TD1107: 3rd European Biochar Summer School Talk given at a conference The do’s and don’ts of biochar sampling 01.03.2015 Sevilla, Spain Bucheli Thomas;
Taller de Jóvenes Científicos Talk given at a conference Red de monitoreo para evaluar hidrocarburos policíclicos aromáticos (HAPs), bifenilos policlori-nados (BPCs) y metals pesados en suelos de producción agropecuaria de la provincia de Mayabeque, Cuba 21.01.2015 CENSA, Mayabeque, Cuba, Cuba Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
SETAC Europe, 10th Special Science Symposium Poster Quantifying total concentration and bioavailability of PAHs in soil samples 14.10.2014 Brussels, Belgium Hilber Schoeb Isabel; Bucheli Thomas; Bartolomé Gutiérrez Nora;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
XII Taller Regional; Sobre el Empleo del Potencial Cientifico de las FAR y la Economia Nacional en interés de la Defensa; La contaminacion Ambiental y el impacto en la sociedad Talk 26.03.2015 San José de las Lajas, Cuba Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;
Soil-Q Kickoff workshop; Swiss agriculture & Agroscope Talk 14.01.2014 Havanna, Cuba Bucheli Thomas;
Soil-Q Kickoff workshop; The Swiss soil monitoring network (NABO) Talk 14.01.2014 Havanna, Cuba Bucheli Thomas;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Soil-Q Final workshop 08.09.2016 Havana, Cuba
Workshop with representatives of Unión Cuba Petróleo (CUPET) 10.02.2016 Centro Politecnico del Petroleo, Havana, Cuba
Soil-Q Intermediate workshop 20.05.2015 Havana, Cuba
Soil-Q Kickoff workshop 14.01.2014 Havanna, Cuba

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) In defense of the environment Radio Camoa International 2016
Media relations: radio, television Soil-Q Final Workshop on Cuban TV Cuban TV; Video available from Project Leader International 2016
Video/Film USB 3.0 PROYECTOS INTERNACIONALES MAYABEQUE International 2016
Video/Film USB 3.0 Proyecto Internacional Suelos International 2015
Video/Film USB 3.0 RED MONITOREO DEL SUELO International 2015
Other activities NABO goes Cuba: Netz zur Bodenbeobachtung nach Schweizer Vorbild. Medienmitteilung Agroscope 25.2.14 German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2014

Awards

Title Year
Best thesis in agricultural sciencies for Dayana Sosa 2020
Premio Academica for Dayana Sosa 2020

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
177481 Influence of different pest management systems in potato production on PEsticide REsidues in CUban SOils (PERECUSO) 01.10.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

Cuba is a country in transition, with exponentially growing population and industrial activities. Such development usually goes along with increasing emissions of pollutants into the environment, and eventually puts environmental and human health at risk. Therefore, and to comply with the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP), the Cuban government established a National Management Plan concerning POPs in the environment. However, suitable monitoring tools to assess environmental and human exposure are not yet established in Cuba, and the National Center for Animal and Plant Health (CENSA) laboratory as one of the leading national institutions lacks knowledge about a robust chemical analysis and efficient sampling strategies.They therefore contacted the Organic Trace Analysis group at Agroscope ART, which has a decade-long experience in quantifying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soils of the Swiss National Soil Monitoring Network (NABO). Thus, the overarching goal in this Cuban - Swiss r4d project is to set the ground for a Cuban soil monitoring network. To this end, the province of Mayabeque was chosen as a first testing area. Soil sample locations will be identified based on urban to rural gradients, accounting for predominate soil usage, and local climatic conditions. The soil sampling protocol will be adopted from the NABO. The 16 US EPA PAHs and the seven IRMM PCBs will be quantified according to Swiss reference methods as applied by the Swiss partner for the NABO. In addition to total concentrations, bioavailable and bioaccessible fractions, together with crucial soil parameters such as Black Carbon and Total Organic Carbon content, will be quantified. These additional parameters provide improved insight into crucial mechanisms of POP distribution in the environment and contribute to a more appropriate and refined risk assessment to be implemented into future legislation.In case of severe PAHs and/or PCBs contamination, activated carbon and/or biochar will be amended into the soil. By this cost-effective and simple remediation method, exposure will be reduced efficiently and degraded soils will be improved. All together, the Cuban soil monitoring network will serve as a base to (i) inform the Cuban society and the various stakeholders about the quality of their soils, (ii) adapt and restrict soil use according to pollution levels, (iii) initiate measures to protect the soils, and reduce the exposure of human and the environment in general, (iv) provide a measure for the quality of the economic sector, (v) transfer knowledge and build capacity of the researchers and through them other stakeholders, and (vi) provide new, cheap, simple and efficient remediation strategies for highly contaminated soils.
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