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Impact of waste and pollutants on environment and climate: Proposal for a collaborative research study of the wastewater discharge impact in the BEGA-TIMIS river sub-basin (Romania)

English title Impact of waste and pollutants on environment and climate: Proposal for a collaborative research study of the wastewater discharge impact in the BEGA-TIMIS river sub-basin (Romania)
Applicant Hugi Christoph
Number 142210
Funding scheme Romanian-Swiss Research Programme (RSRP)
Research institution Institut für Ecopreneurship Hochschule für Life Sciences Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz
Institution of higher education University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (without UTE) - FHNW
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014
Approved amount 320'119.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences

Keywords (4)

DPSIR approach; River basin management; Environmental analysis; Eco-efficiency

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Forschungsprojekt bezweckt die Erarbeitung und Überprüfung einer umfassenden Analyse- und Beurteilungsmethodik für Auswirkungen von Abwassereinleitungen in Gewässer im Einzugsgebiet der beiden Flüsse Bega und Timis in Rumänien.
Lay summary

Titel des Forschungsprojekts

Rumänisch-schweizerische Forschungsstudie zu den Auswirkungen von Abwassereinleitungen im unteren Einzugsgebiet der Flüsse Bega und Timis

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Im untersuchten Einzugsgebiet gibt es zahlreiche punktuelle Verschmutzungsquellen, wie zum Beispiel die Ausläufe der städtischen Abwasserreinigungsanlagen, als auch diffuse Quellen, wie zum Beispiel die Abflüsse von Landwirtschaftsflächen. Eine umfassende Methodologie soll die Grundlage schaffen für eine optimale Planung zur Reduktion dieser Belastungen. Sie basiert auf dem sogenannten „Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) Framework“. Darin werden die treibenden Kräfte (Drivers) und die daraus resultierenden Belastungen (Pressures) für die Gewässer identifiziert und charakterisiert. Anschliessend wird der Zustand (State) der Gewässer untersucht sowie die Auswirkungen (Impact) der Belastungen auf die Gewässer modelliert. Abschliessend werden Ziele und Massnahmen (Response) vorgeschlagen, um den Zustand der Gewässer effizient zu verbessern.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Nutzen

Der wissenschaftliche Nutzen der Studie liegt in der Anwendung des DPSIR-Modells unter Berücksichtigung und Einbezug der relevanten, lokalen Akteure, da in der Vergangenheit festgestellt wurde, dass technologische Lösungen allein oft nicht zielführend sind. Der gesellschaftliche Nutzen der Studie liegt einerseits darin, dass diese Rumänien bei der Umsetzung der Europäischen Wasserrahmenrichtlinie unterstützen wird, welche eine gewisse Verbesserung des Zustands von Gewässern bis 2015 vorschreibt. Andererseits wird durch die Forschungsstudie der Wissenstransfer zwischen Rumänen und der Schweiz gefördert.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 28.11.2012

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
"Politehnica" University of Timisoara Romania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International conference environmental engineering and managment Poster Electrochemical degradation of pentachlorophenol from water at undoped/silver-doped TiO2-modified zeolite-carbon nanofibers composite electrodes 18.09.2013 Vienna, Austria Manea Florica;
International conference environmental engineering and managment Talk given at a conference Electrochemical degradation of natural organic matter from groundwater using boron-doped diamond electrodes 18.09.2013 Vienna, Austria Manea Florica;
International conference environmental engineering and managment Poster Simultaneous arsenic (III) and lead (II) detection from aqueous solution by anodic stripping square-wave voltammetry 18.09.2013 Vienna, Austria Manea Florica;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
eco impuls 2013 07.11.2013 Timisoara, Romania

Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Final conference of the project 19.11.2014 Timisoara, Romania
Stakeholder workshop on eco-efficiency 11.02.2014 Timisoara, Romania
1st stakeholder workshop 01.02.2013 Timisoara, Romania

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions 1st stakeholder workshop International 2013

Abstract

In the following a collaborative research study of the Department of Applied Chemistry and Engineering of Inorganic Compounds and Environment from "Politehnica" University of Timisoara (UPT) in Romania and the Institute for Ecopreneurship of the School of Life Sciences, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW) is proposed. The research study will develop a comprehensive framework for Romania to assess the wastewater discharge impacts on receiving water bodies and validate the framework in the BEGA-TIMIS river sub-basin (Romania). In this catchment area there are substantial pollution point sources, e.g. municipal wastewater treatment plants, as well as non-point sources, e.g. from agriculture. The goal is to develop a methodology for the optimal selection and implementation schedule of water pollution control measures under uncertainty in a consistent Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework. The main drivers and resulting pressures will be identified and characterised with indicators based analysis, overall environmental objectives will be clarified with stakeholder analysis including a willingness to pay/accept-approach, state and impacts in the main rivers will be assessed and modelled. Eco-efficient measures (technologies, operational and organisational options) to improve the situation will be identified with a multi-criteria analysis methodology. This combination is new as in general the focus has been on the deployment of technical systems and not comprehensively analysing the situation using a consistent DPSIR framework in combination with stakeholder involvement and uncertainty analysis. Purely technology driven decisions were therefore often not leading to timely and sustainable implementation of efficient measures.To achieve the goal of the research study the following work packages will be completed: • Methodology development• Analysis of pollution sources, status and performance of the current wastewater treatment; • Risks and impacts of the current and future emissions on the environment;• Identification of eco-efficient environmental measures and technologies;• Stakeholder analysis, information and capacity building;• Dissemination of research results.Both partners have a large experience in water quality analysis, monitoring and wastewater treatment technologies. Swiss partners have additional experience in river basin analysis and modelling. Both institutes have been and are currently involved in national as well as international research in this field. As Romania will have to improve the status of the water bodies by 2015 according to the European water framework directive, this project will allow research on major contemporary issues, including improvement of the overall life quality of the local population. Furthermore will this project foster knowledge transfer between Romanian and Swiss partners and increase research and teaching capacities.
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