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Discours préventif sida, ethnicité et genre: étude auprès de migrant(e)s francophones d'Afrique subsaharienne vivant en Suisse romande

English title Aids preventive discourses, ethnicity and gender: a survey among French speaking Subsaharian migrants living in French speaking Switzerland
Applicant Singy Pascal
Number 105998
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Service de Psychiatrie de Liaison Dépt. Universitaire de Psychiatrie Adulte Département de Psychiatrie - CHUV
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Infectious Diseases
Start/End 01.11.2005 - 30.04.2007
Approved amount 113'500.00
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Keywords (6)

Prévention sida; Migration; Subsahara; Genre; Imaginaires; linguistique

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Sub-Saharan francophone Africans living in the French speaking area of Switzerland belong to a demographic segment that is particularly exposed to risks of HIV/Aids infections. Therefore, it is essential to provide these people with adequate preventive messages that take into account that the eventual social distance and differences, which separate them from the holders of preventive discourses, can limit the efficiency of the messages themselves. Sub-Saharan female migrants should receive a particular attention, as they appear biologically and socio-economically more vulnerable than their male peers.This project aims to provide a better understanding of the complex needs of the francophone Sub-Saharan population - a heterogeneous population in terms of HIV/Aids prevention - living in the French part of Switzerland. More precisely, our research attempts to evaluate the level of appropriateness of a prevention based on a mainly communitarian approach that implicates Sub-Saharan mediators providing prevention messages in the migrants’ first language. In addition, it tends to define the ideal vision of communication on HIV/Aids prevention for Sub-Saharan migrants’. In that respect, an prior inquiry showed that, from the African migrants’ point of view, African languages are primarily linked with proximity, conviviality and identity values. In opposition, French appeared mostly to worship technical values, social promotion, integration and neutral affectivity values. In operational terms, two general hypothesises are made. The first hypothesis states that the delegation of HIV/Aids prevention to mediators has two potential limiting factors. On one hand, certain Sub-Saharan migrants might fear to be stigmatised through a particularising approach. On the other hand, they might either worry that medical confidentiality, which is traditionally secure in the medical environment, might not be fulfilled. The second hypothesis tends to verify - in terms of Aids prevention - the functional and complementary relationship that French and African languages have within the francophone Sub-Saharan population’s mind. Through semi-directive interviews, an investigation upon the social and linguistic representations of 45 Sub-Saharans will then be undertaken. A particular attention will be given to the features of these representations relative to communicational practices on which HIV/Aids prevention activities are based. A variation of these features is suggested and explained by different biographical elements: gender, religion, legal status and level of education.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
101989 Le sens des messages préventifs du sida: consensus et dissensions au sien de la population générale 01.09.2004 Project funding (special)

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