Back to overview

Storage and export of microbial biomass across the western Greenland Ice Sheet

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Irvine-Fynn T. D. L., Edwards A., Stevens I. T., Mitchell A. C., Bunting P., Box J. E., Cameron K. A., Cook J. M., Naegeli K., Rassner S. M. E., Ryan J. C., Stibal M., Williamson C. J., Hubbard A.,
Project High-resolution spatial and temporal variations in albedo of ablating ice - drivers, patterns and dynamics
Show all

Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Nature Communications
Volume (Issue) 12(1)
Page(s) 3960 - 3960
Title of proceedings Nature Communications
DOI 10.1038/s41467-021-24040-9

Open Access

Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)


Abstract The Greenland Ice Sheet harbours a wealth of microbial life, yet the total biomass stored or exported from its surface to downstream environments is unconstrained. Here, we quantify microbial abundance and cellular biomass flux within the near-surface weathering crust photic zone of the western sector of the ice sheet. Using groundwater techniques, we demonstrate that interstitial water flow is slow (~10 −2 m d −1 ), while flow cytometry enumeration reveals this pathway delivers 5 × 10 8 cells m −2 d −1 to supraglacial streams, equivalent to a carbon flux up to 250 g km −2 d −1 . We infer that cellular carbon accumulation in the weathering crust exceeds fluvial export, promoting biomass sequestration, enhanced carbon cycling, and biological albedo reduction. We estimate that up to 37 kg km −2 of cellular carbon is flushed from the weathering crust environment of the western Greenland Ice Sheet each summer, providing an appreciable flux to support heterotrophs and methanogenesis at the bed.