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A New Dawn? Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Vogt Manuel,
Project Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal International Studies Quarterly
Volume (Issue) 60(4)
Page(s) 790 - 801
Title of proceedings International Studies Quarterly
DOI 10.1093/isq/sqw020

Abstract

This article investigates how indigenous movements in Latin America promote the political inclusion of historically marginalized indigenous groups. I argue that the social pressure produced by a strong movement promotes the inclusion of indigenous representatives in formal leadership positions. However, this effect depends on both the movement’s internal unity and the general responsiveness of the political system. I examine my claims using a mixed-methods design. I draw on a new group-level data set on ethnic parties and ethnic civil society organizations in Latin America between 1946 and 2009. My statistical analysis finds that indigenous groups with well-organized movements are more likely to achieve inclusion in executive positions of state power. The level of democratic freedom in a country greatly conditions this effect, while movement-internal factionalism undermines the political effectiveness of indigenous mobilization. I illuminate the causal mechanisms underlying these results in a case study of the rise and decline of indigenous mobilization in Ecuador
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