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The structure and correlates of self-reported DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: findings from two German-speaking samples.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2014
Author Zimmermann Johannes, Altenstein David, Krieger Tobias, Grosse Holtforth Martin, Pretsch Johanna, Alexopoulos Johanna, Spitzer Carsten, Benecke Cord, Krueger Robert F, Markon Kristian E, Leising Daniel,
Project Explicit and implicit change of depression in exposure-based cognitive therapy
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of personality disorders
Volume (Issue) 28(4)
Page(s) 518 - 40
Title of proceedings Journal of personality disorders
DOI 10.1521/pedi_2014_28_130


The authors investigated the structure and correlates of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits in two samples of 577 students and 212 inpatients using the German self-report form of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5. They found that (a) the factor structure of DSM-5 trait facets is largely in line with the proposed trait domains of Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism; (b) all DSM-5 trait domains except Psychoticism are highly related to the respective domains of the Five-Factor Model of personality; (c) the trait facets are positively associated with a self-report measure of general personality dysfunction; and (d) the DSM-5 trait facets show differential associations with a range of self-reported DSM-IV Axis I disorders. These findings give further support to the new DSM-5 trait model and suggest that it may generalize to other languages and cultures.