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Mitochondrial fragmentation affects neither the sensitivity to TNFα-induced apoptosis of Brucella-infected cells nor the intracellular replication of the bacteria.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Lobet Elodie, Willemart Kevin, Ninane Noelle, Demazy Catherine, Sedzicki Jaroslaw, Lelubre Christophe, De Bolle Xavier, Renard Patricia, Raes Martine, Dehio Christoph, Letesson Jean-Jacques, Arnould Thierry,
Project Bacterial Type IV Secretion (T4S): Cellular, Molecular, and Evolutionary Basis of the Subversion of Host Cell Functions by Translocated Effector Proteins
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Scientific reports
Volume (Issue) 8(1)
Page(s) 5173
Title of proceedings Scientific reports
DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-23483-3

Open Access

URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-23483-3
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

Mitochondria are complex organelles that participate in many cellular functions, ranging from ATP production to immune responses against viruses and bacteria. This integration of a plethora of functions within a single organelle makes mitochondria a very attractive target to manipulate for intracellular pathogens. We characterised the crosstalk that exists between Brucella abortus, the causative agent of brucellosis, and the mitochondria of infected cells. Brucella replicates in a compartment derived from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and modulates ER functionality by activating the unfolded protein response. However, the impact of Brucella on the mitochondrial population of infected cells still requires a systematic study. We observed physical contacts between Brucella containing vacuoles and mitochondria. We also found that B. abortus replication is independent of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and that mitochondrial reactive oxygen species do not participate to the control of B. abortus infection in vitro. We demonstrated that B. abortus and B. melitensis induce a drastic mitochondrial fragmentation at 48 hours post-infection in different cell types, including myeloid and non-myeloid cells. This fragmentation is DRP1-independent and might be caused by a deficit of mitochondrial fusion. However, mitochondrial fragmentation does not change neither Brucella replication efficiency, nor the susceptibility of infected cells to TNFα-induced apoptosis.
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