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Improving the post-acute care discharge score (PACD) by adding patients' self-care abilities: A prospective cohort study.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Koch Daniel, Schuetz Philipp, Haubitz Sebastian, Kutz Alexander, Mueller Beat, Weber Helen, Regez Katharina, Conca Antoinette, Conca Antoinette,
Project Integrative Hospital Treatment in Older patients to benchmark and improve Outcome and Length of stay - the In-HospiTOOL study
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal PloS one
Volume (Issue) 14(3)
Page(s) 0214194 - 0214194
Title of proceedings PloS one
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0214194


Reducing delays in hospital discharge is important to improve transition processes and reduce health care costs. The recently proposed post-acute care discharge score focusing on the self-care abilities before hospital admission allows early identification of patients with a need for post-acute care. New limitations in self-care abilities identified during hospitalization may also indicate a risk. Our aim was to investigate whether the addition of the post-acute care discharge score and a validated self-care instrument would improve the prognostic accuracy to predict post-acute discharge needs in unselected medical inpatients. We included consecutive adult medical and neurological inpatients. Logistic regression models with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated to study associations of post-acute discharge score and self-care index with post-acute discharge risk. We calculated joint regression models and reclassification statistics including the net reclassification index and integrated discrimination improvement to investigate whether merging the self-care index and the post-acute discharge score leads to better diagnostic accuracy. Out of 1342 medical and 402 neurological patients, 150 (11.18%) and 94 (23.38%) have reached the primary endpoint of being discharged to a post-acute care facility. Multivariate analysis showed that the self-care index is an outcome predictor (OR 0.897, 95%CI 0.864-0.930). By combining the self-care index and the post-acute care discharge score discrimination for medical (from area under the curve 0.77 to 0.83) and neurological patients (from area under the curve 0.68 to 0.78) could be significantly improved. Reclassification statistics also showed significant improvements with regard to net reclassification index (14.2%, p<0.05) and integrated discrimination improvement (4.83%, p<0.05). Incorporating an early assessment of patients' actual intrahospital self-care ability to the post-acute care discharge score led to an improved prognostic accuracy for identifying adult, medical and neurological patients at risk for discharge to a post-acute care facility.