Back to overview Show all

Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Volume (Issue) 66(9)
Page(s) 2358 - 2370
Title of proceedings IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
DOI 10.1109/tim.2017.2708278

Open Access


This paper demonstrates the feasibility of implementing real-time state estimators for active distribution networks in field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) by presenting an operational prototype. The prototype is based on a linear state estimator that uses synchrophasor measurements from phasor measurement units. The underlying algorithm is the sequential discrete Kalman filter (SDKF), an equivalent formulation of the DKF for the case of uncorrelated measurement noise. In this regard, this paper formally proves the equivalence of SDKF and the DKF, and highlights the suitability of the SDKF for an FPGA implementation by means of a computational complexity analysis. The developed prototype is validated using a case study adapted from the IEEE 34-node distribution test feeder.