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H3.1 Eviction Marks Female Germline Precursors in Arabidopsis

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Hernandez-Lagana Elvira, Autran Daphné,
Project IMAGO : Imaging and Modeling Growth and plasticity in plant Ovules
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Plants
Volume (Issue) 9(10)
Page(s) 1322 - 1322
Title of proceedings Plants
DOI 10.3390/plants9101322

Open Access

URL http://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101322
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

In flowering plants, germline precursors are differentiated from somatic cells. The female germline precursor of Arabidopsis thaliana is located in the internal (nucellar) tissue of the ovule, and is known as the Megaspore Mother Cell (MMC). MMC differentiation in Arabidopsis occurs when a cell in the subepidermal layer of the nucellar apex enters the meiotic program. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that MMC specification is a plastic process where the number and developmental outcome of MMCs are variable. During its differentiation, the MMC displays specific chromatin hallmarks that distinguish it from other cells within the primordium. To date, these signatures have been only analyzed at developmental stages where the MMC is morphologically conspicuous, and their role in reproductive fate acquisition remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that the histone 3 variant H3.1 HISTONE THREE RELATED 13 (HTR13) can be evicted in multiple subepidermal cells of the nucellus, but that H3.1 eviction persists only in the MMC. This pattern is established very early in ovule development and is reminiscent of the specific eviction of H3.1 that marks cell cycle exit in other somatic cell types, such as the root quiescent center (QC) of Arabidopsis. Our findings suggest that cell cycle progression in the subepidermal region of the ovule apex is modified very early in development and is associated with plasticity of reproductive fate acquisition.
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