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Torn between Chromophobia and Colour Mania. Developments of Early Technicolor

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Flueckiger Barbara,
Project Filmfarben. Technologien, Kulturen, Institutionen
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Colour Turn
Volume (Issue) 1(1)
Page(s) 1 - 36
Title of proceedings Colour Turn
DOI 10.25538/tct.v0i1.672

Open Access

Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)


From the mid-1910s to the early 1930s, the Technicolor company invented three differenttechnical processes for colour film, all based on two colours. This innovation was markedby many set-backs, before the now famous Technicolor No. IV dye transfer process wasintroduced in 1932.This article describes the technical and economic struggle during this early period ofcolour films that is largely unknown to the general audience. Based on the investigationof numerous historical film prints in European and American film archives, the authoranalyses the colour design and aesthetics of these films and relates these insights to thetechnical properties of the processes, including the challenges for the digitisation of theserare and precious films.