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Quantitative susceptibility mapping in ischemic stroke patients after successful recanalization

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Probst Jasmin, Rohner Marco, Zahn Malin, Piccirelli Marco, Pangalu Athina, Luft Andreas, Deistung Andreas, Klohs Jan, Wegener Susanne,
Project Investigating the effects of hypercholesterolemia on neutrophil-mediated thromboinflammation after cerebral ischemia
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Scientific Reports
Volume (Issue) 11(1)
Page(s) 16038 - 16038
Title of proceedings Scientific Reports
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-95265-3

Open Access

URL http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-95265-3
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

AbstractQuantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a novel processing method for gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Higher magnetic susceptibility in cortical veins have been observed on susceptibility maps in the ischemic hemisphere of stroke patients, indicating an increased oxygen extraction fraction (OEF). Our goal was to investigate susceptibility in veins of stroke patients after successful recanalization in order to analyze the value of QSM in predicting tissue prognosis and clinical outcome. We analyzed MR images of 23 patients with stroke due to unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA)-M1/M2 occlusion acquired 24–72 h after successful thrombectomy. The susceptibilities of veins were obtained from QSM and compared between the stroke territory, the ipsilateral non-ischemic MCA territory and the contralateral MCA territory. As outcome variables, early infarct size and functional disability (modified Rankin Scale, mRS) after 3–5 months was used. The median susceptibility value of cortical veins in the ischemic core was 41% lower compared to the ipsilateral non-ischemic MCA territory and 38% lower than on the contralateral MCA territory. Strikingly, in none of the patients prominent vessels with high susceptibility signal were found after recanalization. Venous susceptibility values within the infarct did not correlate with infarct volume or functional disability after 3–5 months. Low venous susceptibility within the infarct core after successful recanalization of the occluded vessel likely indicates poor oxygen extraction arising from tissue damage. We did not identify peri-infarct tissue with increased susceptibility values as potential surrogate of former penumbral areas. We found no correlation of QSM parameters with infarct size or outcome.
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