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Conspecific migration and environmental setting determine parasite infracommunities of non-migratory individual fish

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Rochat Eloïse C., Brodersen Jakob, Blasco-Costa Isabel,
Project Parasite radiations: Domino effect of host radiations?
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Parasitology
Volume (Issue) 148(9)
Page(s) 1057 - 1066
Title of proceedings Parasitology
DOI 10.1017/s0031182021000780

Open Access

URL http://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182021000780
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

Parasite infracommunities tend to be stochastic in nature, although environmental character- istics such as the type of water source in streams and host traits can have an effect on the biotic assemblages and by extension the parasite fauna. We examined the effect of water source and the rate of adult fish migration on the metazoan parasite infracommunities of conspecific juvenile brown trout, Salmo trutta L. among streams flowing into Lake Lucerne (Switzerland). Juvenile (1 to 2-year old) fish harboured higher parasite species richness in groundwater-fed than in surface water-fed streams, whereas the rate of fish migration did not affect infracommunity richness. Heteroxenous species were more common in ground- water-fed streams with high and medium rates of trout migration, whereas infracommunities in surface water-fed streams and streams with low rates of fish migration were dominated by one monoxenous parasite or lacked infections. Similarity in the parasite infracommunity com- position of juvenile trout across streams was explained by the interaction between type of water source and adult migration rates. Our conclusions support that similarity in the parasite composition of resident freshwater conspecifics can be predicted by the local environmental settings and host migratory behaviour, whereas parasite richness is mainly influenced by the environmental characteristics.
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