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Plant ABC Transporters.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2011
Author Kang Joohyun, Park Jiyoung, Choi Hyunju, Burla Bo, Kretzschmar Tobias, Lee Youngsook, Martinoia Enrico,
Project ABC transporters involved in signalling events
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal The Arabidopsis book / American Society of Plant Biologists
Volume (Issue) 9
Page(s) 0153 - 0153
Title of proceedings The Arabidopsis book / American Society of Plant Biologists
DOI 10.1199/tab.0153

Abstract

ABC transporters constitute one of the largest protein families found in all living organisms. ABC transporters are driven by ATP hydrolysis and can act as exporters as well as importers. The plant genome encodes for more than 100 ABC transporters, largely exceeding that of other organisms. In Arabidopsis, only 22 out of 130 have been functionally analyzed. They are localized in most membranes of a plant cell such as the plasma membrane, the tonoplast, chloroplasts, mitochondria and peroxisomes and fulfill a multitude of functions. Originally identified as transporters involved in detoxification processes, they have later been shown to be required for organ growth, plant nutrition, plant development, response to abiotic stresses, pathogen resistance and the interaction of the plant with its environment. To fulfill these roles they exhibit different substrate specifies by e.g. depositing surface lipids, accumulating phytate in seeds, and transporting the phytohormones auxin and abscisic acid. The aim of this review is to give an insight into the functions of plant ABC transporters and to show their importance for plant development and survival.
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