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The winners of legislative mandate: An analysis of post‐parliamentary career positions in Germany and the Netherlands

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Claessen Clint, Bailer Stefanie, Turner-Zwinkels Tomas,
Project Parliamentary Careers in Comparison
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal European Journal of Political Research
Title of proceedings European Journal of Political Research
DOI 10.1111/1475-6765.12385

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


Little is known about the careers of parliamentarians after they leave parliament. We analyse the post‐parliamentary careers of German and Dutch parliamentarians over the last 20 years and document the presence of a persistent and substantial gender gap. This gap exists regardless of party, country or political position and persists even when the status of the pre‐parliamentary profession and achievement within parliament are controlled for. Aside from demonstrating our findings, we offer new insights into possible explanations for the dynamics behind them. Additionally, we show that parliament only serves as a stepping stone for a more successful career for a relatively small share of politicians: only 32 per cent of MPs obtain more attractive positions in the public or private sector after their legislative service.