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Interaction of mammalian end binding proteins with CAP-Gly domains of CLIP-170 and p150(glued)

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2012
Author Bjelic S., De Groot C.O., Scharer M.A., Jaussi R., Bargsten K., Salzmann M., Frey D., Capitani G., Kammerer R.A., Steinmetz M.O.,
Project Protein interactions regulating the microtubule cytoskeleton
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal J. Struct. Biol.
Volume (Issue) 177
Page(s) 160 - 167
Title of proceedings J. Struct. Biol.

Abstract

End binding proteins (EBs) track growing microtubule ends and play a master role in organizing dynamic protein networks. Mammalian cells express up to three different EBs (EB1, EB2, and EB3). Besides forming homodimers, EB1 and EB3 also assemble into heterodimers. One group of EB-binding partners encompasses proteins that harbor CAP-Gly domains. The binding properties of the different EBs towards CAP-Gly proteins have not been systematically investigated. This information is, however, important to compare and contrast functional differences. Here we analyzed the interactions between CLIP-170 and p150(glued) CAP-Gly domains with the three EB homodimers and the EB1-EB3 heterodimer. Using isothermal titration calorimetry we observed that some EBs bind to the individual CAP-Gly domains with similar affinities while others interact with their targets with pronounced differences. We further found that the two types of CAP-Gly domains use alternative mechanisms to target the C-terminal domains of EBs. We succeeded to solve the crystal structure of a complex composed of a heterodimer of EB1 and EB3 C-termini together with the CAP-Gly domain of p150(glued). Together, our results provide mechanistic insights into the interaction properties of EBs and offer a molecular framework for the systematic investigation of their functional differences in cells
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