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Tandem mass spectrometry of platinated quadruplex DNA

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2011
Author Stucki Silvan Remo, Nyakas Adrien, Schürch Stefan,
Project Binding of metal ions and organometallic compounds to oligonucleotides explored by mass spectrometry
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal J. Mass Spectrom.
Volume (Issue) 46(12)
Page(s) 1288 - 1297
Title of proceedings J. Mass Spectrom.
DOI 10.1002/jms.2019

Abstract

Quadruplexes are higher-order structures formed by G-rich DNA strands that are involved in various processes of cell cycle regulation, such as control of telomere length and participation in gene regulation. Because of these central biological functions, quadruplex DNA represents a promising target for cancer therapy, e.g. by applying organometallic drugs, such as cisplatin. High-resolution electrospray tandem mass spectrometry is evaluated as a technique for exploring structural features of unplatinated and platinated quadruplexes. Results of experiments on tetramolecular, bimolecular and monomolecular quadruplexes provide information about the extent of platination and the binding sites of the drug. The dissociation behavior of the different types of quadruplexes is compared. Tetramolecular quadruplexes were found to weave out a strand end in order to provide a platination site, and their fragmentation is characterized by the release of an unplatinated strand and the formation of a platinated triplex. Partial opening of the structure in combination with the loss of small fragments leads to truncated quadruplex ions. For the bimolecular quadruplexes studied, strand separation is the predominant dissociation pathway. Depending on the loop sequence, cross-linking of the loops by cisplatin is demonstrated. Distinct differences in the product ion spectra of unannealed and annealed monomolecular sequences provide proof of quadruplex formation and show that platination preferentially occurs at the terminal regions.
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