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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Hue University Journal of Science: Agriculture and Rural Development
Title of proceedings Hue University Journal of Science: Agriculture and Rural Development

Open Access

URL http://jos.hueuni.edu.vn/index.php/hujos-ard/index
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

Nam Dong district has a large forestland area and a high ratio of forest cover. However, the forest resources have been degraded. This study synthesized secondary data and annual forest changes monitoring in Nam Dong district from 2006 to 2020, combined with overlaying the forest status map in 2005, 2020 and the planning maps of forest protection and development in the period of 2005-2020. This was combined in-depth interviews of key informants with representatives of local authorities and functional agencies to clearly understand the nature of forestland conversion and problems in forest management and protection in Nam Dong district. Results showed that, in 2005-2020 period, the natural forest area of Nam Dong district raised due to the difference in the status of the forest, the increase in forest cover depended on the plantation forest and rubber area, a lot of natural forests area were converted to plantation forests and the protection forests area were declined. The factors affecting the forestland use change include 3 types of forest planning; change in calculation methods, forest statistical and inventory tools between periods; the support of afforestation programs; and the conversion of forest use purposes. This study suggests combining the use of remote sensing images and field patrol to monitor forest changes accurately and manage forests more effectively. In addition, it is necessary to propose solutions to reduce pressure on natural forests and improve the effectiveness of plantation forests.
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