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Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Type of publication Not peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Book (non peer-reviewed)
Author VogtManuel,
Project Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States
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Book (non peer-reviewed)

Publisher Oxford University Press, Oxford
ISBN 0190065877, 9780190065874

Abstract

Why are some multiethnic countries more prone to civil violence than others? This book examines the occurrence and forms of conflict in multiethnic states. It presents a theory that explains not only why ethnic groups rebel but also how they rebel. It shows that in extremely unequal societies, conflict typically occurs in non-violent forms because marginalized groups lack both the resources and the opportunities for violent revolt. In contrast, in more equal, but segmented multiethnic societies, violent conflict is more likely. The book traces the origins of these different types of multiethnic states to distinct experiences of colonial rule. Settler colonialism produced persistent stratification and far-reaching cultural and economic integration of the conquered groups, as, for example, in Guatemala, the United States, or Bolivia. By contrast, in decolonized states, such as Iraq, Pakistan, or Sri Lanka, in which independence led to indigenous self-rule, the colonizers' "divide and rule" policies resulted in deeply segmented post-colonial societies.
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