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Oligomerization and Cell Egress Controlled by Two Microdomains of Canine Distemper Virus Matrix Protein.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Gast Matthieu, Kadzioch Nicole P, Milius Doreen, Origgi Francesco, Plattet Philippe,
Project Paramyxovirus cell exit: from basics to drug discovery strategies
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal mSphere
Publisher ASM, ASM
Volume (Issue) 6(2)
Page(s) 2 - 8
Title of proceedings mSphere
DOI 10.1128/msphere.01024-20


Despite the availability of efficient vaccines, morbilliviruses (e.g., canine distemper virus [CDV] and measles virus [MeV]) still cause major health impairments. Although antivirals may support vaccination campaigns, approved inhibitors are to date still lacking. Targeting late stages of the viral life cycle (i.e., the cell exit system) represents a viable option to potentially counteract morbilliviral infections. The matrix (M) protein of morbillivirus is a major contributor to membrane budding activity and is assumed to assemble into dimers that further associate to form higher oligomers. Here, we rationally engineered M protein variants with modifications in two microdomains that potentially locate at dimer-dimer interfaces. Our results spotlight the cornerstone impact of both microdomains in membrane budding activity and further suggest a role of finely tuned high-order oligomer formation in regulating late stages of cell exit. Collectively, our findings highlight two microdomains in the morbilliviral M protein as novel attractive targets for drug design.