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Fe(II) Uptake on Natural Montmorillonites. II. Surface Complexation Modeling.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2014
Author Soltermann Daniela, Baeyens Bart, Bradbury Michael H, Fernandes Maria Marques,
Project The influence of Fe(II) on clay properties, the sorption of Fe(II) on clays and competitive sorption investigations: a combined macroscopic and microscopic study
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Volume (Issue) 48(15)
Page(s) 8698 - 705
Title of proceedings Environmental Science & Technology
DOI 10.1021/es501902f


Fe(II) sorption edges and isotherms have been measured on low structural Fe-content montmorillonite (STx) and high structural Fe-content montmorillonite (SWy) under anoxic (O2 < 0.1 ppm) and strongly reducing conditions (Eh = -0.64 V). Under anoxic conditions Fe(II) sorption on SWy was significantly higher than on STx, whereas the sorption under reducing conditions was essentially the same. The uptake behavior of Fe(II) on STx under all redox conditions (Eh = +0.28 to -0.64 V) and SWy under reducing conditions (Eh = -0.64 V) was consistent with previous measurements made on other divalent transition metals. All of the sorption data could be modeled with the two-site protolysis nonelectrostatic surface complexation and cation exchange (2SPNE SC/CE) sorption model including an additional surface complexation reaction for Fe(II) which involved the surface oxidation of ferrous iron surface complexes (≡S(S,W)OFe(+)) to ferric iron surface complexes (≡S(S,W)OFe(2+)) on both the strong and weak sites. The electron acceptor sites on the montmorillonite are postulated to be the structural Fe(III).