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Observability, Unobservability and the Copenhagen Interpretation in Dirac's Methodology of Physics

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Oldofredi Andrea, Esfeld Michael,
Project A philosophical enquiry into a parsimonious ontology of the natural world
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Quanta
Volume (Issue) 8(1)
Page(s) 68 - 87
Title of proceedings Quanta
DOI 10.12743/quanta.v8i1.93

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


Paul Dirac has been undoubtedly one of the central figures of the last century physics, contributing in several and remarkable ways to the development of quantum mechanics; he was also at the centre of an active community of physicists, with whom he had extensive interactions and correspondence. In particular, Dirac was in close contact with Bohr, Heisenberg and Pauli. For this reason, among others, Dirac is generally considered a supporter of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. Similarly, he was considered a physicist sympathetic with the positivistic attitude which shaped the development of quantum theory in the 1920s. Against this background, the aim of the present essay is twofold: on the one hand, we will argue that, analyzing specific examples taken from Dirac's published works, he can neither be considered a positivist nor a physicist methodologically guided by the observability doctrine. On the other hand, we will try to disentangle Dirac's figure from the mentioned Copenhagen interpretation, since in his long career he employed remarkably different—and often contradicting—methodological principles and philosophical perspectives with respect to those followed by the supporters of that interpretation.Quanta 2019; 8: 68–87.