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Main pulmonary artery diameter from attenuation correction CT scans in cardiac SPECT accurately predicts pulmonary hypertension.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2011
Author Burger Irene A, Husmann Lars, Herzog Bernhard A, Buechel Ronny R, Pazhenkottil Aju P, Ghadri Jelena R, Nkoulou Rene N, Jenni Rolf, Russi Erich W, Kaufmann Philipp A,
Project Entwicklung einer neuen Hybrid-Bildgebungs-Methode zur nicht invasiven kardialen Diagnostik
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume (Issue) 18(4)
Page(s) 634 - 41
Title of proceedings Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
DOI 10.1007/s12350-011-9413-9

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To establish the value of the main pulmonary artery (MPA) diameter assessed from unenhanced computer tomography (CT) scans used for attenuation correction (AC) of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) to predict pulmonary hypertension (PHT). BACKGROUND In contrast-enhanced chest CT scans an MPA diameter of 29 mm or greater is an established predictor of PHT. However, it is unknown, whether measurements from an unenhanced CT scan for AC may be used as predictor of PHT. METHODS 100 patients underwent SPECT MPI for assessment of coronary artery disease. PHT was defined as a right ventriculo-atrial gradient of 30 mm Hg or greater by Doppler echocardiography. We compared MPA diameter from CT to SPECT findings (right ventricular hypertrophy/enlargement, septal wall motion abnormality/perfusion defect, and D-shape) to determine the best predictor of PHT. RESULTS PHT was found in 37 patients. An MPA diameter of 30 mm or greater yielded a sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive, and negative predictive value of 78%, 91%, 86%, 83%, and 88%, respectively. This yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.85. CONCLUSIONS MPA diameter from low-dose unenhanced multi-slice CT reliably predicts PHT, providing an important added clinical value from AC for SPECT MPI.
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