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Control of the Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock tst promoter by the global regulator SarA.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Andrey Diego O, Renzoni Adriana, Monod Antoinette, Lew Daniel P, Cheung Ambrose L, Kelley William L,
Project Mécanismes moléculaires de la resistance intermédiaire aux glycopeptides chez les staphyloques dorés
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of bacteriology
Volume (Issue) 192(22)
Page(s) 6077 - 85
Title of proceedings Journal of bacteriology
DOI 10.1128/JB.00146-10

Abstract

The Staphylococcus aureus SarA global regulator controls the expression of numerous virulence genes, often in conjunction with the agr quorum-sensing system and its effector RNA, RNAIII. In the present study, we have examined the role of both SarA and RNAIII on the regulation of the promoter of tst, encoding staphylococcal superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1). In vitro DNA-protein interaction studies with purified SarA using gel shift and DNase I protection assays revealed one strong SarA binding site and evidence for a weaker site nearby within the minimal 400-bp promoter region upstream of tst. In vivo analysis of tst promoter activation using a p(tst)-luxAB reporter inserted in the chromosome revealed partial but not complete loss of tst expression in a Δhld-RNAIII strain. In contrast, disruption of sarA abrogated tst expression. No significant tst expression was found for the double Δhld-RNAIII-ΔsarA mutant. Introduction of a plasmid containing cloned hld-RNAIII driven by a non-agr-dependent promoter, p(HU), into isogenic parental wild-type or ΔsarA strains showed comparable levels of RNAIII detected by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) but a two-log(10) reduction in p(tst)-luxAB reporter expression in the ΔsarA strain, arguing that RNAIII levels alone are not strictly determinant for tst expression. Collectively, our results indicate that SarA binds directly to the tst promoter and that SarA plays a significant and direct role in the expression of tst.
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