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Robust Label-free, Quantitative Profiling of Circulating Plasma Microparticle (MP) Associated Proteins.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Braga-Lagache Sophie, Buchs Natasha, Iacovache Mircea-Ioan, Zuber Benoît, Jackson Christopher Benjamin, Heller Manfred,
Project Time-resolved structural study of calcium-dependent membrane fusion
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP
Volume (Issue) 15(12)
Page(s) 3640 - 3652
Title of proceedings Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP
DOI 10.1074/mcp.m116.060491

Abstract

Cells of the vascular system release spherical vesicles, called microparticles, in the size range of 0.1-1 μm induced by a variety of stress factors resulting in variable concentrations between health and disease. Furthermore, microparticles have intercellular communication/signaling properties and interfere with inflammation and coagulation pathways. Today's most used analytical technology for microparticle characterization, flow cytometry, is lacking sensitivity and specificity, which might have led to the publication of contradicting results in the past.We propose the use of nano-liquid chromatography two-stage mass spectrometry as a nonbiased tool for quantitative MP proteome analysis.For this, we developed an improved microparticle isolation protocol and quantified the microparticle protein composition of twelve healthy volunteers with a label-free, data-dependent and independent proteomics approach on a quadrupole orbitrap instrument.Using aliquots of 250 μl platelet-free plasma from one individual donor, we achieved excellent reproducibility with an interassay coefficient of variation of 2.7 ± 1.7% (mean ± 1 standard deviation) on individual peptide intensities across 27 acquisitions performed over a period of 3.5 months. We show that the microparticle proteome between twelve healthy volunteers were remarkably similar, and that it is clearly distinguishable from whole cell and platelet lysates. We propose the use of the proteome profile shown in this work as a quality criterion for microparticle purity in proteomics studies. Furthermore, one freeze thaw cycle damaged the microparticle integrity, articulated by a loss of cytoplasm proteins, encompassing a specific set of proteins involved in regulating dynamic structures of the cytoskeleton, and thrombin activation leading to MP clotting. On the other hand, plasma membrane protein composition was unaffected. Finally, we show that multiplexed data-independent acquisition can be used for relative quantification of target proteins using Skyline software. Mass spectrometry data are available via ProteomeXchange (identifier PXD003935) and panoramaweb.org (https://panoramaweb.org/labkey/N1OHMk.url).
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