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Nanostructured hematite thin films for photoelectrochemical water splitting

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Maabong K. Machatine A. G. J. Mwankemwa B. S. Braun A. Bora D. K. Toth R. Diale M. ,
Project Production of Liquid Solar Fuels from CO2 and Water: Using Renewable Energy Resources
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Physica B: Condensed Matter
Volume (Issue) 535
Page(s) 67 - 71
Title of proceedings Physica B: Condensed Matter
DOI 10.1016/j.physb.2017.06.054


Nanostructured hematite thin films prepared by dip coating technique were investigated for their photoelectrochemical activity for generation of hydrogen from water splitting. Structural, morphological and optical analyses of the doped/undoped films were performed by X-ray diffraction, high resolution field emission-scanning electron microscopy, UV–vis spectrophotometry and Raman spectroscopy. The photoelectrochemical measurements of the films showed enhanced photoresponse and cathodic shift of the onset potential upon Ti doping indicating improved transfer of photoholes at the semiconductor-electrolyte interface. Films doped with 1 at% Ti produced 0.72 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs RHE which is 2 times higher than current density for the pure film (0.30 mA/cm2, at 1.23 V vs RHE). Gas chromatography analysis of the films also showed enhanced hydrogen evolution at 1 at% Ti with respect to pure film.