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Measles Virus Fusion Protein: Structure, Function and Inhibition.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Review article (peer-reviewed)
Author Plattet Philippe, Alves Lisa, Herren Michael, Aguilar Hector C,
Project Unraveling Paramyxovirus Cell Entry
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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Viruses
Volume (Issue) 8(4)
Page(s) 1 - 30
Title of proceedings Viruses
DOI 10.3390/v8040112

Abstract

Measles virus (MeV), a highly contagious member of the Paramyxoviridae family, causes measles in humans. The Paramyxoviridae family of negative single-stranded enveloped viruses includes several important human and animal pathogens, with MeV causing approximately 120,000 deaths annually. MeV and canine distemper virus (CDV)-mediated diseases can be prevented by vaccination. However, sub-optimal vaccine delivery continues to foster MeV outbreaks. Post-exposure prophylaxis with antivirals has been proposed as a novel strategy to complement vaccination programs by filling herd immunity gaps. Recent research has shown that membrane fusion induced by the morbillivirus glycoproteins is the first critical step for viral entry and infection, and determines cell pathology and disease outcome. Our molecular understanding of morbillivirus-associated membrane fusion has greatly progressed towards the feasibility to control this process by treating the fusion glycoprotein with inhibitory molecules. Current approaches to develop anti-membrane fusion drugs and our knowledge on drug resistance mechanisms strongly suggest that combined therapies will be a prerequisite. Thus, discovery of additional anti-fusion and/or anti-attachment protein small-molecule compounds may eventually translate into realistic therapeutic options.
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