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Computational dissection of human episodic memory reveals mental process-specific genetic profiles

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Luksys G., Fastenrath M., Coynel D., Freytag V., Gschwind L., Heck A., Jessen F., Maier W., Milnik A., Riedel-Heller S. G., Scherer M., Spalek K., Vogler C., Wagner M., Wolfsgruber S., Papassotiropoulos A., de Quervain D. J.,
Project Biological Foundations of Risk Taking
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Volume (Issue) 112(35)
Page(s) 4939 - 48
Title of proceedings Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1500860112

Open Access

URL www.10.1073/pnas.1500860112
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

Episodic memory performance is the result of distinct mental processes, such as learning, memory maintenance, and emotional modulation of memory strength. Such processes can be effectively dissociated using computational models. Here we performed gene set enrichment analyses of model parameters estimated from the episodic memory performance of 1,765 healthy young adults. We report robust and replicated associations of the amine compound SLC (solute-carrier) transporters gene set with the learning rate, of the collagen formation and transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity gene sets with the modulation of memory strength by negative emotional arousal, and of the L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) interactions gene set with the repetition-based memory improvement. Furthermore, in a large functional MRI sample of 795 subjects we found that the association between L1CAM interactions and memory maintenance revealed large clusters of differences in brain activity in frontal cortical areas. Our findings provide converging evidence that distinct genetic profiles underlie specific mental processes of human episodic memory. They also provide empirical support to previous theoretical and neurobiological studies linking specific neuromodulators to the learning rate and linking neural cell adhesion molecules to memory maintenance. Furthermore, our study suggests additional memory-related genetic pathways, which may contribute to a better understanding of the neurobiology of human memory.
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