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Direct conversion of mono- and polysaccharides into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using ionic liquid mixtures

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2016
Author Sviatlana Siankevich, Zhaofu Fei, Rosario Scopelliti, Philip Jessop, Jiaguang Zhang, Ning Yanc, Paul J. Dysona,
Project Concurrent Transformation of Wood into Chemical Commodity Feedstocks
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal ChemSusChem
Page(s) 2089 - 2096
Title of proceedings ChemSusChem


Platform chemicals are usually derived from petrochemical feedstocks. A sustainable alternative commences with lignocellulosic biomass, a renewable feedstock, but one that is highly challenging to process. Ionic liquids are able to solubilize biomass and, in the presence of catalysts, convert the biomass into useful platform chemicals. Herein, we demonstrate that mixtures of ionic liquids are powerful systems for the selective catalytic transformation of cellulose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). Combining ILs with continuous HMF extraction allows the online separation of HMF in high yield. This one step process operates under relatively mild conditions and represents a significant step forward towards sustainable HMF production.