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Linking Thermodynamics to Pollutant Reduction Kinetics by Fe 2+ Bound to Iron Oxides

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Stewart Sydney M., Hofstetter Thomas B., Joshi Prachi, Gorski Christopher A.,
Project Characterization of the redox properties of iron minerals by combined electrochemical and spectroscopic analyses
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Volume (Issue) 52(10)
Page(s) 5600 - 5609
Title of proceedings Environmental Science & Technology
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.8b00481

Open Access

URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b00481
Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)

Abstract

Numerous studies have reported that pollutant reduction rates by ferrous iron (Fe2+) are substantially enhanced in the presence of an iron (oxyhydr)oxide mineral. Developing a thermodynamic framework to explain this phenomenon has been historically difficult due to challenges in quantifying reduction potential (EH) values for oxide-bound Fe2+ species. Recently, our group demonstrated that EH values for hematite- and goethite-bound Fe2+ can be accurately calculated using Gibbs free energy of formation values. Here, we tested if calculated EH values for oxide-bound Fe2+ could be used to develop a free energy relationship capable of describing variations in reduction rate constants of substituted nitrobenzenes, a class of model pollutants that contain reducible aromatic nitro groups, using data collected here and compiled from the literature. All the data could be described by a single linear relationship between the logarithms of the surface-area-normalized rate constant (kSA) values and EH and pH values [log(kSA) = −EH/0.059 V − pH + 3.42]. This framework provides mechanistic insights into how the thermodynamic favorability of electron transfer from oxide-bound Fe2+ relates to redox reaction kinetics.
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