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Ayer on Analyticity

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Contribution to book (peer-reviewed)
Author RathgebNicole,
Project Dispositions and Normativity
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Contribution to book (peer-reviewed)

Book The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer's Language, Truth and Logic
Editor , Tuboly Adam
Publisher Palgrave, Cham Switzerland
Page(s) 101 - 121
ISBN 978-3-030-50884-5
Title of proceedings The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer's Language, Truth and Logic

Open Access

URL https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9783030508838
Type of Open Access Green OA Embargo (Freely available via Repository after an embargo)

Abstract

In the first edition of Language, Truth and Logic, Ayer defines an analytic proposition as one whose ‘validity depends solely on the definitions of the symbols it contains’. In the introduction to the second edition of the book, he defines it as a proposition that is ‘true solely in virtue of the meaning of its constituent symbols’. In this paper, I spell out how the two formulations are to be understood and how they relate to each other. I discuss a problem that arises in connection with the question whether definitions are analytic or synthetic before elaborating Ayer’s conception of propositions and his explanation of the necessity of analytic truths. Furthermore, I respond to the idea that propositions such as ‘Nothing can be red and blue all over at the same time’ are true independently of what words mean and, hence, cannot be true in virtue of meaning.
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