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Synthesis and Properties of 6′-Fluoro-tricyclo-DNA

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2015
Author Medvecky Michal, Istrate Alena, Leumann Christian J.,
Project Chemically modified Oligonucleotides for Biotechnology and Material Sciences
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of Organic Chemistry
Volume (Issue) 80
Page(s) 3556 - 3565
Title of proceedings Journal of Organic Chemistry

Abstract

The synthesis of the two fluorinated tricyclic nucleosides 6?-F-tc-T and 6?-F-tc-5MeC, as well as the corresponding building blocks for oligonucleotide assembly, was accomplished. An X-ray analysis of N4-benzoylated 6?-F-tc-5MeC reavealed a 2?-exo (north) conformation of the furanose ring, characterizing it as an RNA mimic. In contrast to observations in the bicyclo-DNA series, no short contact between the fluorine atom and the H6 of the base, reminiscent of a nonclassical F···H hydrogen bond, could be observed. Tm measurements of modified oligodeoxynucleotides with complementary RNA showed slightly sequence-dependent duplex stabilization profiles with maximum ?Tm/mod values of +4.5 °C for 6?-F-tc-5MeC and +1 °C for 6?-F-tc-T. In comparison with parent tc-modified oligonucleotides, no relevant changes in Tm were detected, attributing the fluorine substituent a neutral role in RNA affinity. A structural analysis of duplexes with DNA and RNA by CD-spectroscopy revealed a shift from B- to A-type conformation induced by the 6?-F-tc-nucleosides. This is not a specific ?fluorine effect?, as the same is also observed for the parent tc-modifications. The two fluorinated tc-nucleosides were also incorporated into a pure tricyclo-DNA backbone and showed no discrimination in Tm with complementary RNA, demonstrating that 6?-F substitution is also compatible within fully modified tc-oligonucleotides.
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