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Confinement Effects for Lithium Borohydride: Comparing Silica and Carbon Scaffolds.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Suwarno , Ngene Peter, Nale Angeloclaudio, Eggenhuisen Tamara M, Oschatz Martin, Embs Jan Peter, Remhof Arndt, de Jongh Petra E,
Project Novel Ionic Conductors
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces
Page(s) 4197 - 4205
Title of proceedings The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces
DOI 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b13094

Open Access

Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)


LiBH4 is a promising material for hydrogen storage and as a solid-state electrolyte for Li ion batteries. Confining LiBH4 in porous scaffolds improves its hydrogen desorption kinetics, reversibility, and Li(+) conductivity, but little is known about the influence of the chemical nature of the scaffold. Here, quasielastic neutron scattering and calorimetric measurements were used to study support effects for LiBH4 confined in nanoporous silica and carbon scaffolds. Pore radii were varied from 8 Å to 20 nm, with increasing confinement effects observed with decreasing pore size. For similar pore sizes, the confinement effects were more pronounced for silica than for carbon scaffolds. The shift in the solid-solid phase transition temperature is much larger in silica than in carbon scaffolds with similar pore sizes. A LiBH4 layer near the pore walls shows profoundly different phase behavior than crystalline LiBH4. This layer thickness was 1.94 ± 0.13 nm for the silica and 1.41 ± 0.16 nm for the carbon scaffolds. Quasi-elastic neutron scattering confirmed that the fraction of LiBH4 with high hydrogen mobility is larger for the silica than for the carbon nanoscaffold. These results clearly show that in addition to the pore size the chemical nature of the scaffold also plays a significant role in determining the hydrogen mobility and interfacial layer thickness in nanoconfined metal hydrides.