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Molecular hydrogen encapsulation in spherophanes

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Amar Saal , Thibaut Jarrosson , Ourida Ouamerali, Claude A. Daul,
Project Computational Chemistry: Methods and Applications to Systems containing d- and f-elements
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Chemical Physics Letters
Volume (Issue) Chemical Physics Letters 480(4-6): 225-230 , 2009
Page(s) 225 - 230
Title of proceedings Chemical Physics Letters

Abstract

Molecular hydrogen insertion in and release from four molecular containers, spherophanes, have been studied with different computational methods. It has been found that dispersion interactions are very important in these systems; they govern their stability and the potential energy barriers. The calculated energy barriers are very high so that H2 could not enter to/release from the cavity of the spherophanes through the benzene rings. The hydrogen molecule would rather prefer to follow the 4H-approach. The M05-2X/6-31G(d) results show that the encapsulation of H2 inside these spherophanes is stabilizing. The energy barriers for H2 to enter to (to release from) the spherophanes’ cages are compared with those of open fullerenes.
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