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Moving in a Moving World: A Review on Vestibular Motion Sickness.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Review article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2016
Author Bertolini Giovanni, Straumann Dominik,
Project Three-dimensional kinematical analysis of ocular motor disorders in humans
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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Frontiers in neurology
Volume (Issue) 7
Page(s) 14 - 14
Title of proceedings Frontiers in neurology
DOI 10.3389/fneur.2016.00014

Open Access


Motion sickness is a common disturbance occurring in healthy people as a physiological response to exposure to motion stimuli that are unexpected on the basis of previous experience. The motion can be either real, and therefore perceived by the vestibular system, or illusory, as in the case of visual illusion. A multitude of studies has been performed in the last decades, substantiating different nauseogenic stimuli, studying their specific characteristics, proposing unifying theories, and testing possible countermeasures. Several reviews focused on one of these aspects; however, the link between specific nauseogenic stimuli and the unifying theories and models is often not clearly detailed. Readers unfamiliar with the topic, but studying a condition that may involve motion sickness, can therefore have difficulties to understand why a specific stimulus will induce motion sickness. So far, this general audience struggles to take advantage of the solid basis provided by existing theories and models. This review focuses on vestibular-only motion sickness, listing the relevant motion stimuli, clarifying the sensory signals involved, and framing them in the context of the current theories.