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Early instrumental meteorological observations in Switzerland: 1708–1873

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Brugnara Yuri, Pfister Lucas, Villiger Leonie, Rohr Christian, Isotta Francesco Alessandro, Brönnimann Stefan,
Project Reconstructing Climate Using Ensemble Kalman Fitting (REUSE)
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Earth System Science Data
Volume (Issue) 12(2)
Page(s) 1179 - 1190
Title of proceedings Earth System Science Data
DOI 10.5194/essd-12-1179-2020

Open Access

Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)


Abstract. We describe a dataset of recently digitised meteorological observations from 40 locations in today's Switzerland, covering the 18th and 19th centuries. Three fundamental variables – temperature, pressure, and precipitation – are provided in a standard format after they have been converted into modern units and quality-controlled. The raw data produced by the digitisation, often including additional variables and annotations, are also provided. Digitisation was performed by manually typing the data from photographs of the original sources, which were in most cases handwritten weather diaries. These observations will be important for studying past climate variability in Central Europe and in the Alps, although the general scarcity of metadata (e.g. detailed information on the instruments and their exposure) implies that some caution is required when using them. The data described in this paper can be found at (Brugnara, 2020).