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Prognostic factors for advanced-stage human immunodeficiency virus-associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine plus combined antiretroviral therapy: a multi-institutional retrospective study.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Castillo Jorge J, Bower Mark, Brühlmann Jérémy, Novak Urban, Furrer Hansjakob, Tanaka Paula Y, Besson Caroline, Montoto Silvia, Cwynarski Kate, Abramson Jeremy S, Dalia Samir, Bibas Michele, Connors Joseph M, Furman Michael, Nguyen Minh-Ly, Cooley Timothy P, Beltran Brady E, Collins Jaime A, Vose Julie M, Xicoy Blanca, Ribera Josep-Maria, cART Era Study Group,
Project Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS)
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Cancer
Volume (Issue) 121(3)
Page(s) 423 - 31
Title of proceedings Cancer
DOI 10.1002/cncr.29066


The treatment and outcomes of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) continue to evolve. The International Prognostic Score (IPS) is used to predict the survival of patients with advanced-stage HL, but it has not been validated in patients with HIV infection. This was a multi-institutional, retrospective study of 229 patients with HIV-associated, advanced-stage, classical HL who received doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) plus combination antiretroviral therapy. Their clinical characteristics were presented descriptively, and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the factors that were predictive of response and prognostic of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The overall and complete response rates to ABVD in patients with HIV-associated HL were 91% and 83%, respectively. After a median follow-up of 5 years, the 5-year PFS and OS rates were 69% and 78%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, there was a trend toward an IPS score >3 as an adverse factor for PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.49; P=.15) and OS (HR, 1.84; P=.06). A cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)-positive (T-helper) cell count <200 cells/μL was associated independently with both PFS (HR, 2.60; P=.002) and OS (HR, 2.04; P=.04). The CD4-positive cell count was associated with an increased incidence of death from other causes (HR, 2.64; P=.04) but not with death from HL-related causes (HR, 1.55; P=.32). The current results indicate excellent response and survival rates in patients with HIV-associated, advanced-stage, classical HL who receive ABVD and combination antiretroviral therapy as well as the prognostic value of the CD4-positive cell count at the time of lymphoma diagnosis for PFS and OS.