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The relevance, feasibility and benchmarking of nursing quality indicators: A Delphi study.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Koch Daniel, Kutz Alexander, Conca Antoinette, Wenke Juliane, Schuetz Philipp, Mueller Beat,
Project Integrative Hospital Treatment in Older patients to benchmark and improve Outcome and Length of stay - the In-HospiTOOL study
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of advanced nursing
Volume (Issue) 76(12)
Page(s) 3483 - 3494
Title of proceedings Journal of advanced nursing
DOI 10.1111/jan.14560


To identify indicators of nursing care performance by identifying structures, processes, and outcomes that are relevant, feasible and have the potential for benchmarking in Swiss acute hospitals. A modified Delphi-Consensus Technique. We examined 19 indicators based on the current evidence and that were pre-selected by nursing scientists. Between August-October 2019, a consortium of experts (representatives of different cantons, hospitals, and healthcare roles in Switzerland) determined the relevance, feasibility, and suitability for benchmarking these indicators in two-round modus of digital survey. Consensus was defined a priori by at least 75% agreement on the highest level of a 3-point Likert-type scale. The response rate was 70.4% in the first and 68.4% in the second round. In round one consensus was reached for three indicators on relevance but for none of the indicators regarding feasibility or potential for benchmarking. For round two, the experts suggested two additional indicators (new total of 21 indicators). Of 21 indicators, consensus was reached on twelve regarding relevance, seven regarding feasibility, and two regarding the potential for benchmarking. A national expert consortium defined 12 of 21 nursing care indicators as relevant. Feasibility, however, was estimated only among seven indicators and a consensus on suitability for benchmarking was reached for two nursing-sensitive indicators. The results show how the indicators to evaluate nursing care performance, which have been identified as priority by Canadian nursing scientists, are assessed in a different setting. There are many overlaps, but also some differences in the assessment of the indicators between the different settings. Different health systems prioritize the indicators to evaluate nursing care performance differently, which is why national surveys are important for the compilation of their own (priority) indicator sets.